Skip to main content

Dragon Fruit Pitahaya Fruit

 Pitahaya Fruit commonly known as Dragon Fruit.

Pitahaya Fruit commonly known as Dragon Fruit.


Exotic Tropical Beauties ~

One of the most strikingly vivid of exotic fruits I have come across has to be the Dragon Fruit, also called Pitahaya Fruit.

Visually it is a most unusual looking fruit both on the outside and on the inside. I envy any of you who see this exotic creation in abundance where you live as it is not a native or even naturalized fruit where I come from.

The fact it is a cactus fruit just as the prickly pear cactus fruit or sabras cactus are, makes it an even more appealing and intriguing fruit to me as I have long been a fan of cacti succulents.

Pitaya Fruit are often classed as Dragon fruit and in fact belong to a different genus so to clear up any confusion, let’s take a look at two exotic beauties, the Pitahaya and Pitaya Fruits.


Nocturnal Flowering

the  large blooms of Hylocereus undatus (white fleshed pitahaya fruit) only come out at night and are usually wilted by morning.

the large blooms of Hylocereus undatus (white fleshed pitahaya fruit) only come out at night and are usually wilted by morning.


Pitaya Fruit (Stenocereus)

The Stenocereus group of Pitaya fruits (sour Pitaya) are commonly found in the most arid regions of the Americas.

The Sonoran Desert in Arizona, one of the hottest deserts in North America, is home to the pitaya agria (Stenocereus gummosus), a sour pitaya that is an important food source of the Native Americans.

Also cultivated in Mexico, these “sour” tart fruits include some species that may taste a little sweet but still not as sweet as the Pitahaya Dragon Fruit ones.

Pitaya are said to taste more like a watermelon.

Red Skinned Dragon Fruit

Pink / Purple Flesh Pitahaya Fruit

striking color of this exotic fruit

striking color of this exotic fruit

Pitahaya Blanca

the white fleshed dragon fruit is the most widely cultivated.

the white fleshed dragon fruit is the most widely cultivated.

Pitahaya Fruit (Hylocereus)

Pitahaya Fruit, commonly called Dragon Fruit, Strawberry Pear and Nanettika Fruit, are the fruits found on the vine like cacti of the genus Hylocereus.

They are native to Central America, South America and Mexico.

Thankfully today they are more widespread and grow extensively throughout East and Southeast Asian countries including Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.

They are also cultivated today in Hawaii, Cyprus, Israel, South China, and Okinawa and in Northern Australia.

Scroll to Continue

These cacti have beautiful fragrant white flowers many do not see bloom as they only come out at night and have been called moonflower and Queen of the night.

Apart from growing wild, or commercially, these cacti are often used as ornamental plants in the home, grown in private gardens or as an indoor plant.

The Dragon Fruit of the Hylocereus is generally sweeter than the Pitaya Fruit and the flesh is creamy with many tiny black seeds which are edible .

Its taste is not as striking or exotic as its appearance and has been called “bland”. The taste is similar to a melon or kiwi fruit but sweeter.

Dragon Fruit Pitahaya Species ~

There are three different varieties of the sweet Pitahaya:

Hylocereus undatus is red skinned Pitahaya fruit with white flesh and is the most common of all Dragon Fruit and is known as Pitahaya Blanca.

Hylocereus costaricensis is red skinned with red or purple flesh and is commonly known as Pitahaya Roja.

Hylocereus megalanthus is a yellow skinned variety with white flesh and also known as Pitahaya Amarilla.

Varieties of Dragon Fruit

red skinned and yellow skinned fruit.

red skinned and yellow skinned fruit.

Buah Naga

Dragon Fruit Cactus growing on Batam Island, Indonesia.

Dragon Fruit Cactus growing on Batam Island, Indonesia.

Growing Dragon Fruit ~

As shown in the video (3 methods of growing from seeds) it is possible to grow these from the seeds in the fruit at home.

The plants are usually grown in the soil and favor the tropical warm climates and have the ability to withstand some rainfall.

Natural climbers, these vines like plants will commonly attach themselves to something as they continue to develop. Another way to grow the plant is from a broken healthy piece of stem and is commonly used in homes to root and grow Dragon fruit successfully.

Two intriguing facts about these cacti is the flowers only come out at night and it is then that they are pollinated by bats and moths.

This is extremely important as without the bats or moths very few species have the ability to self pollinate. As much as we may not be enamored with bats, they are important and certainly play a major role in the Dragon Fruit cacti plants.

Approximately 30 – 50 days after the flowers are gone, the fruit appears and will often have 5 – 6 harvests per year.

3 Easy Methods of How to Grow Dragon Fruit From Seeds

Nutritious Juice

 dragon fruit is loaded with vitamin C and antioxidants.

dragon fruit is loaded with vitamin C and antioxidants.

Excellent Garnish

served with salmon salad.

served with salmon salad.

Nutritional Content ~

Dragon fruit are extremely nutritious and beneficial to our health.

High in Vitamin C – helps build the Immune System and is a Natural Detoxifier.

High in Protein - boosts the Metabolism.

Calcium – helps Strengthen Bones and Teeth naturally.

Fibre – aids in Constipation and Irregular Bowel Movements.

Also contains in lesser amounts: Vitamin B12, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B3, Antioxidants, Phosphorus, Iron, Ash, Carbohydrate and Carotene.

Additional Health Benefits ~

  • Appetite Stimulant
  • Lowers Glucose Levels
  • Improves Memory
  • Moisturizes Skin
  • Asthma
  • Respiratory Infections
  • Lowers Cholesterol
  • Lowers High Blood Pressure
  • Low in Calories

Breafast Crepe with fresh Pitahaya Fruit

very versatile fruit that makes an ideal accompaniment for sweet deserts.

very versatile fruit that makes an ideal accompaniment for sweet deserts.

Serving Suggestion

  • Fresh out of skin
  • Sorbets
  • Sauces
  • Smoothies
  • Cocktails
  • Juices
  • Deserts
  • Fruit Salads
  • Salads
  • Stews
  • Kebabs
  • Topped with Yogurt
  • Fruit Soups
  • Stir Fry

Choosing Ripe Dragon Fruit ~

Look for fruit with bright colored skin. Signs of it being over-ripe are many brown blotches on the skin or stems that are brown, dry or brittle.

Leaves with brown tips are also a sign it may well be over-ripe.

Press the skin with your thumb. It should give a little, not be soft and mushy (over-ripe) to the feel or have no give at all (not ripe yet and will need a day or two to soften up).

How to Eat Dragon Fruit ~

An easy fruit to prepare at home, there are several methods of cutting the fruit.

Like a melon, you may slice down the length of the fruit to have two halves.

Using a spoon, scoop around the fruit flesh, releasing it from the skin and set on a chopping board.

Check for any skin and remove as it is indigestible.

Chop the fruit into cubes and put back into your skin as a serving dish!

Easy and makes for a stunning presentation too.

Equally you could cut the flesh into segments, slices or mash depending on what way you are using the fruit.

Cutting the fruit width wise is another method or peeling the skin off completely

How to Eat Dragon Fruit

Dragon Fruit Recipes ~


by Rajan Jolly

More Unusual Fruits by Suzie HQ ~

  • Ugli Fruit Tree
    Have you heard of Ugli Fruit? Ugli is the trademark name of The Jamaican Tangelo Fruit under which it is sold. The first Ugli Fruit Tree was discovered over 80 years ago and is still delicious today.
  • Jujube Tree
    Not to be confused with the candy jujubes, the jujube tree and it's fruit have been around for centuries. It has been used in many traditional cultures for medicinal purposes and health benefits.
  • Breadfruit Tree
    The Breadfruit Tree is grown in over 85 countries and dates back some 3,000 years. One of the most useful trees grown in tropical regions breadfruit is an important food source for many cultures.
  • Cherimoya Tree
    Cherimoya or Chirimoya trees produce the most delicious fruit which tastes of banana, pineapple, papaya, coconut, passion fruit and mango. Step into the wonderful world of Cherimoya fruit facts.
  • Rambutan Fruit
    What are Rambutan Fruit? Have you heard of them? These exotic lychee like fruits are one of the most exotic in the world. A guide to Rambutan Fruit, their nutritional benefits and recipes included.
  • Fuchsia Fruit
    Did you know that ALL the Fuchsia plants produce berries? Not only that, they are ALL edible fruits. Wow, it was certainly news to me and the Fuchsia have been one of my must have plants for years.
  • Characteristics of Cacti Plants
    Cacti are a vast and varied family of plants that originated millions of years ago. Known for their incredible ability to survive the driest conditions, Cacti are a very hardy plant with very unique characteristics that include their spines, areoles

Author Info ~

Information on the author, her bio and full body of works available @ Suzie HQ

Credit to homesteadbound ~

All dividers used in this hub are used with permission granted on hub, Creating Dividers to Use on Your Hubs


© 2013 Suzanne Ridgeway

Dragon Fruit Pitahaya Fruit Comments

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on October 20, 2013:

Hi Samita.Jassi,

If you have access to these fruits they are well worth trying! Thanks so much for your interest!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on July 21, 2013:

Hi Rajan,

So good to see you and delighted you enjoyed this one, great minds think alike! LOL Enjoyed your hub greatly as I do all yours and always learn new things. Appreciate you linking too, it is an honor to have it on your one! Thanks so much for your votes and share my friend!

Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 20, 2013:

Wonderful information on all aspects of the dragon fruit, Suzie. I'll be including a link to this hub in my hub on dragon fruit as well.

voted up, useful, interesting and shared.

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on June 19, 2013:

Hi idigwebsites,

So you have had the pleasure of the red variety?? It does leave you a bit red in the mouth! I would love to grow them in my garden too and hopefully when we move to sunnier climes i will get to have my own tree! Appreciate your votes!!

idigwebsites from United States on June 19, 2013:

I have tried this dragon fruit, and actually it didn't taste bad. I ate the red variety, and it's funny because I looked like I had bleeding gums when I ate it. Could be great for Halloween. :D

I wished to grow a dragon fruit tree in my backyard too. I think all cactus flowers are like that, that they only bloom at night.

Thanks for your amazing hub about this amazing fruit. Up and interesting. :)

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 26, 2013:

Hi Paul,

Lovely comments, that you very much! You are so lucky having a ready supply of this gorgeous fruit. Yogurt and Pitahaya is just my sort of breakfast . These treasures are so beneficial for our health so no wonder you enjoy these daily, why not!! Living in Bangkok you have wonderful foods there and probably so much cheaper since they produce them. Continue to enjoy your life in Thailand, what a wonderful experience! Thanks again for your support, follow, votes, shares, and pin, greatly appreciated!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 26, 2013:

Hi ologsinquito,

Welcome and thank you, hope you do try them out, great for a snack, breakfast, smoothie . . . . definitely useful and beneficial fruits! Many thanks for visit and commenting :-)

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 26, 2013:

Hi Sharkye,

I agree that it looks way too pretty too eat! The skin is striking and has such shading differences. The flesh being either pinks, red or white is gorgeous too, particularly the pinks! The fruit has such a color intensity when going to the bathroom, urine may go pink temporarily. Cheers for your votes and interest! Have a good one! :-)

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 26, 2013:

Hi Peggy,

Great to see you, hopefully you will find dragon fruit locally or on your travels. They are so unusual looking you should be able to spot them easily enough. Asian food stores or Mexican ones are the likely places to stock them or any Markets specializing in exotic foods. Appreciate your interest, votes and share Peggy, have a great weekend!

Paul Richard Kuehn from Udorn City, Thailand on April 25, 2013:


This is a very interesting and useful hub. I knew nothing about the Pitahaya Blanca (Dragon Fruit) until I started living in Thailand. I have it every morning topped with yogurt and it is really delicious. If you regularly eat this fruit, you will never have to worry about constipation. I buy it at the local supermarket and it goes for $1.67 per kilogram when not in season. Voted up and sharing with followers and also pinning.

ologsinquito from USA on April 25, 2013:

I've seen these, but had no idea what they were. Thanks. I might try them at some point. They look very interesting.

Jayme Kinsey from Oklahoma on April 25, 2013:

Goregous plant. And the fruit looks way too pretty to eat! Never seen it for sale anywhere I have been though, so I won't have to worry about wanting to keep it for looks. Very interesting hub! Voting up!

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on April 25, 2013:

Hi Suzie,

I have never noticed these exotic looking fruits for sale in our stores...but will be on the lookout for them in some specialty food stores. Would love to sample them! Thanks for writing this interesting hub. Up votes and sharing.

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 20, 2013:

Hi Seafarer,

Great to see you enjoyed this so much! Really hope you get to try growing it if you have a warm climate. As with all cacti always wear gloves to prevent the prickles. Thanks for your votes, have a great weekend:-)

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 20, 2013:

Hi Elias,

So good to see you, glad the Dragon Fruit caught your eye, it is a stunning fruit never mind useful and refreshing. Hope you find it and can try it out sometime :-)

Karen A Szklany from New England on April 20, 2013:

oOooh....sublimely seductive hub full of juicy sweetness, with delicious illustrations and videos. A gorgeous promotion of a gorgeous fruit....which I'd love to taste some day.

Since I was born in one of the Chinese years of the Dragon, this sounds looks like a fruit that I must find and eat sometime soon!

I'd sure love to grow some in my garden! The prickliness of the cactus could keep away foragers so I get to taste some of the fruit, too....and it would be lovely to see the night blooming, too.

Voted up on all accounts. :0)

Elias Zanetti from Athens, Greece on April 20, 2013:

I wasn't aware of that kind of fruit but it seems really tastefull. Thanks for the recipe tips!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 19, 2013:

Hi KrisL,

Glad you enjoyed photos! I was spoilt for choice with the selection and look forward to giving planting a go when we move to sunnier climes! Thanks so much for commenting!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 19, 2013:

Hi janet,

Thanks so much for checking this out and for your compliments. Hope you get to taste again this exotic beauty!

KrisL from S. Florida on April 19, 2013:

Great hub; you found some fantastic photos. I think we may be able to grow this where we are, and this makes me want to try!

Janet Giessl from Georgia country on April 19, 2013:

Thank you for this beautiful and well-presented hub about this exotic fruit. I have eaten it only once but from what I can remember I loved the taste.

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 19, 2013:

Hi Thelma,

Delighted you are going to give this a try, the skins are perfect as little serving bowls too. i would love to try growing some from seeds so it will be interesting if you get them going! Good luck and many thanks Thelma for your enthusiasm.

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 19, 2013:

Hi srsddn,

Great to have you visit as always srsddn. The Dragon fruit is such an unusual looking fruit it is hard to miss when growing or in markets. Hopefully you will get to see it and try it out in the future. Appreciate your interest and support here! Cheers for your thumbs up and shares!

Thelma Alberts from Germany on April 18, 2013:

This is a beautiful fruit. I have seen this in the open market here in my hometown, but I have not tried it yet. Now you give me an idea of planting this fruit in my garden. Thanks for sharing this very informative and useful hub. I have to buy this dragon fruit this weekend.

Sukhdev Shukla from Dehra Dun, India on April 18, 2013:

Suzie, There is so much in this world to know. Have never heard about it but as the name suggests these are rightly called dragon fruit. Liked the demo on how to eat. Thanks for introducing a unique fruit with recipes and benefits of eating it. Thumbed up and shared.

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 2013:

Hi Athlyn,

Hope you enjoy trying this sometime, thanks for commenting!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 2013:

Hi Audrey,

Cheers for taking a look here, one to watch out for and try if you get the opportunity!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 2013:

Hi summerberrie,

When I saw this first i was stunned at the color of the skin,the cactus tree it was on and then seeing the dramatic different insides. A real stunner! Glad you enjoyed and found useful!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 2013:

Hi Bill,

Many thanks for dropping in! it is definitely a unique looking fruit that you would not miss in the markets. Hope fully you will get to sample it on your travels. Appreciate your votes, shares & pin, always!

Suzanne Ridgeway (author) from Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 2013:

Hi Bill,

That's it . . . . spot on, me in my little countryside thatched cottage concocting up these obscure mythological fruits! LOL Alas, no this is alive and well and a real find! You and me both in rainforest or certainly rain for us!!

Always a pleasure to see you my friend!

Athlyn Green from West Kootenays on April 18, 2013:

This looks very interesting.

Audrey Howitt from California on April 18, 2013:

Loved this--a fruit I had never heard of---I will keep my eyes open for it!

summerberrie on April 18, 2013:

This is a new one to me. Looks really good. It is such a beautiful succulent.

Thanks for all the useful info!

Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on April 18, 2013:

Susie, this is amazing. I've never seen or heard of the Pitahaya Fruit. What an interesting looking fruit. I would love to try this, it looks great. The photos you selected are wonderful, so colorful. I'll have to add this to my list of new fruits to look for in my travels. Great job, voted up, shared, pinned, etc.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on April 18, 2013:

You are making this up, aren't you? You just sit in your little cottage in Ireland and invent names and then find these weird pictures on the internet. LOL

Obviously I have never heard of this. What do I know about tropical? I live in a rainforest for God's sake.

As always you did a great job of informing. Well done, Irish!

Related Articles