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The story of Koh-i-Noor

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Hey Mustansar here iam writer of History , and social impact of the society My qualifications is Master in political science And LL.B

Koh-i-Noor

Koh-i-Noor

Mountains of Koh-I-Noor This will get you even find a mountainous land is for Queen crown where you have to go to the Tower of London is the Kohinoor diamond linked to the previous one hundred years This royal diamond is the adornment of this crown whose value no one can estimate today. How did this diamond discovered in India become the adornment of the royal crown of Britain?

“Koh-i-Noor for which the kings fought wars and even today 5 countries are fighting for it””

Koh-i-Noor was the world's largest diamond when it was discovered

But today it is the 90th largest diamond in the world. It weighs 106 carats at the moment, while the world's largest diamond, the Star of Adam, weighs 1404 carats. It is more than off-Adam. No one knows when, where and who got this diamond. The only guess is that this diamond was probably extracted from the Koh-i-Noor mines of South India.

While the second estimate is that this diamond was extracted from the dry river surface in southern India because there are no diamond mines in India but these diamonds are extracted by sifting the rocks on the river land in the Hindus It is believed that King Karan of the Anga dynasty had this diamond.

While the Iranians believe that Koh-i-Noor belongs to its equivalent diamond, Daria-i-Noor, which was worn by the Iranian emperor Afrasiab.

Daria-i-Noor

The 36-gram pink diamond is now in the custody of the Central Bank of Tehran

The first historical record of Koh-i-Noor is that in 1305, 700 years ago, Sultan Allauddin Khilji snatched it from Raja Mahala Dew of Malva, after which the diamond disappeared from the historical record.

In the sixteenth century, the diamond came to King Bikramjit of Gawalior

When the first battle of Panipat took place in 1526, Raja Bikrama Jeet of Gwalior was also involved in this battle on behalf of Ibrahim Lodhi. Both Ibrahim Lodhi and Bikrama Jeet were killed in the battle but The conqueror Zaheer-ud-Din Babar sent his son Humayun to control Agra and yes this diamond came before the historians again. The family of Bakarma Jeet gave this diamond to Humayun. But the father was happy and gave the diamond to his son.

When Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun in 1540, Humayun reached Iran with Koh-i-Noor. Here he was impressed by the hospitality of the Iranian king Tahmasp and gave it to him. In 1655, when the Mughal army invaded the Golconda area of the Deccan, Minister Mir Jumla presented it to Emperor Shah Jahan, so the diamond turned around and came back to the Mughals.

Shah Jahan liked Koh-i-Noor and his other treasure so much that when his son Aurangzeb deposed him, he did not give this treasure to his son. When Aurangzeb asked Shah Jahan for diamond jewelery, he replied, But I will not hand you over. Aurangzeb became silent and this diamond remained with him till the death of Shah Jahan.

When Shah Jahan died in 1666, Koh-i-Noor came under the control of Aurangzeb. He also showed the diamond to a French traveler, Tevernier. Koh-i-Noor remained with the Mughal kings even after his death.


But in 1739, King Nader Shah Durrani of Iran captured Delhi and Koh-i-Noor.

When he saw such a precious diamond, he shouted, "This is Koh-i-Noor," meaning the mountain of light. Then reached shah rukh Mirza but an Iranian prince Salman Shah overthrew Shah Rukh Mirza. Shah Rukh Mirza was detained in Kandahar and tortured so that Koh-i-Noor could be recovered. He wanted to decorate the shrine of Imam Ahmad raza but Shah Rukh sent the diamond to Ahmad Shah Abdali through his son Nadir Mirza. After Abdali's death, the diamond came to his grandson Zaman Shah.

But in 1801, Mahmud Shah Durrani overthrew Zaman Shah's government and snatched Koh-i-Noor. He chose Koh-i-Noor in a wall. Two years later, Shah Shujaa ascended the throne and snatched Koh-i-Noor from Mahmud Shah.

But 5 years later Mahmud Shah Durrani again removed Shah Shujaa and became the ruler. Shah Shujaa turned to India but in Kashmir he was captured by Afghan soldiers but Shah Shujaa wife Wafa escaped to Lahore and Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Appearing in the court, she requested that if he rescued Shah Shuja, the Koh-i-Noor diamond would be handed over to him.

Ranjit Singh frees Shah Shuja from Afghan captivity Shah Shuja and his wife were now staying at Mubarak Haveli in Lahore but they did not give Koh-i-Noor to the Maharaja but made an excuse that a man in Koh-i-Noor Kandahar had mortgaged Rs 6 cror. Ranjit Singh became very angry at this reply. He imprisoned Shah Shuja and his wife in Haveli and then Shah Shuja got fed up and decided to hand over the diamond to Ranjit Singh on a certain day. But Ranjit Singh reached Mubarak Haveli. Shah Shuja made him wait for an hour and then Shah Shuja told one of his servants to bring Koh-i-Noor diamond. Shah Shuja handed over the diamond to Ranjit Singh. Ranjit Singh asked for the diamond. What is the price? Shah Shuja replied: The price is power. My ancestors got it by force. You took it away from me. Now whoever has power will take it away from you.

Ranjit Singh then held a large court and was illuminated. Ranjit Singh installed the Koh-i-Noor in a passage between two diamonds of half its size. Two hours before his death, Ranjit Singh had all the jewels in his possession. He bequeathed the Koh-i-Noor along with other diamonds to an idol at the Jagannath Temple in South Bengal, but as soon as Ranjit Singh died, his heirs took possession of the Koh-i-Noor after Ranjit Singh. Koh-i-Noor came to Dilip Singh who was the last Maharaja of Punjab.

The East India Company ruled Punjab from 1848 to 1849. The British signed an agreement with 9-year-old Dilip Singh to leave the government and give Koh-i-Noor to the British. The diamond was given to Lord John Lawrence who I locked it up and threw it somewhere in the house. A few days later, the East India Company told him to send the diamond to Queen Victoria. Now Lawrence could not remember where he kept the diamond. An employee ordered the whole house. He searched and finally found the box. When Lawrence asked him what was in the box, he said it contained a simple piece of glass. Then Lawrence remembered to put the diamond in the box and forgot. Lawrence then sent the diamond to Britain.

In July 1950, the Deputy Chairman of the East India Company formally presented Koh-i-Noor to Queen Victoria at Buckingham Palace.

On May 1, 1851, 2 million people saw Koh-i-Noor at an exhibition in London, but now the condition of Koh-i-Noor had deteriorated. But the diamond was carved, reducing its weight to 21 grams. The first Koh-i-Noor was placed in Queen Victoria's armpit. The crown was placed on his mother's coffin when he died in 2002. The crown has not been taken out in public and is now preserved in the Tower of London.

There is still a fight in five countries for Koh-i-Noor. Pakistan, India, Iran and Afghanistan keep claiming it as their property, while Britain says that Koh-i-Noor diamond will not be returned under any circumstances. However, India's position in this matter has changed. In 2016, the Indian government told the Supreme Court that Koh-i-Noor was not snatched from India but was given as a gift and the descendants of the last Sikh Maharaja Dilip Singh also demanded the return of the diamond to their family. Bhutto had demanded the return of Koh-i-Noor from the United Kingdom in 1976, but the United Kingdom refused.

Who do you think was the real owner of Koh-i-Noor?

Please comments below

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