As an introduction, I would like to mention that "The List of Russian Books That Will Change Your World-View" is located in absolutely random order as the books do not vary from the best to the worst, from the most famous to the least famous, from the newest to the oldest and reverse.
Fedor Michailovich Dostoevsky "Crime and Punishment". (1866)
The social-psychological and socio-philosophical novel "Crime and Punishment" written by world-famous writer and philosopher Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky. The writer himself called his creation " the psychological report of one crime." The novel is the most popular Dostoevsky's novel and it is included in a gold fund of world literature.
The "Crime and Punishment" has a brilliant, exciting plot filled with all love intrigues, kills, offences, investigations, 1860s Petersburg drunkenness and atmosphere, hard storylines, lamentable situations of the characters, psychologism, and of course philosophical meaning of Dostoevsky. So I vouch the novel will not allow you to get bored.
F. M. Dostoyevsky acted in a very clever way: he filled his heroes with contradictions, bringing them closer to an ordinary person so readers can feel emotions, worrying, feelings of characters. As philosopher Dostoevsky invest enormously deep philosophical meaning into the "Crime and punishment". He reveals his thoughts on the example of Raskolnikov, the main character of his novel.
First of all, the author managed to show to readers that the punishment from a moral point of view is the way more horrible than from the legal. The punishment always catches up with each criminal even though the criminal hide every evidence and escape from God's trial. The payment for sin is the state of human after committing crime.
Second of all Dostoyevsky points to salvation in faith. It gives us strength and direction, it teaches us to love, to hope, to help others.
Finally, the main philosophical thought is that we have to constantly work on ourselves, create ourselves as individuals with eternal values, moral convictions and a humane outlook. And the ability to repent is a higher virtue.
In my way of thinking "Crime and punishment" has very awesome plot so you will not take your eyes off until you read the book till the very end.
Moreover, Dostoevsky made characters so grounded that you can literally see yourself in them. In additional the scenes of killing people showed so brutal and realistic I would not recommend children read them.
Finally, Petersburg's atmosphere is strongly unique. However, to understand the philosophical meaning of the novel it is not enough to read it out once.
The "Crime and punishment" really changes the vision of the world and things.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov "The man in the case" (1898)
"The Man in a case" is the short story written by the very famous Russian writer Anton Pavlovich Chekhov. "The brevity a sister of talent", Chekhov.
"A call to state only the substance of the case, without too much detail or too much eloquence", wrote Anton Pavlovich Chekhov to his brother. So before us is the Chekov himself and his 16-page short story called "The man in a case". The writer's short story about one man that "lived into the sheath" is included to the trilogy and shows the "case life" that can bring plenty troubles to people.
First thing first, what the Chekhov put into "The man in a case" is his own thought that people must not fall prey to their own thoughts. Author urges be free off tight, stuffy sheath and start living a full life.
Secondly Chekov shows us an example of his short story's main character what happen if people will be running from problems and hiding from fears.
Thirdly the author make us think "what is a real happiness?" Is only at rest, and contentment? More likely the true happiness is a spiritual epiphany than material things. (Nowadays the people pity for themselves and trying not to go out of the comfort zone. In this way the people degrade)
In conclusion, I would like to say it is important to read this book out because plenty of people tend to hide from society, and they did not get used to be out of the comfort zone as well as they are inclined to escape from fears and problems.
In my opinion, it is a funny story and there are some moments in which you can see yourself, and even laugh at yourself if you have self ironic sense. But "The man in a case" really make you think about yourself, so I highly recommend reading it out.
Thirty-minutes short story that is truly exposing people.
Maxim Gorky "At the bottom" (1902)
Maxim Gorky, the real name is Alexey Maximovich Peshkov is a writer, poetry, the dramatist, founder of social realism and the father of the union of USSR writers. So, as a dramatist he wrote the philosophical and social work "At the bottom" in all colours of dramatic genre.
Firstly, the plot is showing seventeen people who are at the social bottom. They live in the flop house, drink cheap alcohol, always play cards, discuss different things in other words, these people live out their days. However, some of them are trying to get out at the same time others are giving up.
Secondly the relationships between the people of the flop house are complicated and some conflicts are flaring up constantly. Moreover, there are both love intrigues and the hostile actions in the drama "At the bottom"
Finally, the life of people who are at the very bottom of the society is transferred very accurately and dramatic, so readers can feel themselves one of the M. Gorky's drama characters.
In the very first place, the specificity of the drama is that the complicated philosophical problems that Gorky raises in this drama are discussed by people who are at the social and financial bottom, who are uneducated and unappreciated. The conversation is being on domestic language and sometimes it is being even on drunk clashes, kitchen profanity etc.
As I mentioned before, it is philosophical and social drama, and Gorky invested the very important and at the same time simple philosophy. So, the main idea of "At the bottom" is to show that all people are the same, and not matter what financial and social position they have. (In the modern world filled with many social problems it is so important)
Also, the drama teaches that people should seek for something and create own fate not giving up at all. The human has to have the wish to change his future and should not blame the life if it turned away from him. Gorky gives the important thought that people get more experience when they have life troubles. (The writer created "At the bottom" in the crisis moment of his life).
The one more thought that the author raises the worth of the truth. The ability to tell every human the truth, even though it is very harsh is very powerful.
Finally, Gorky warns that all of us can end up at the bottom and became unloved, poor, apart from the society, desperate and deprived of the meaning of own life.
The drama "At the bottom" is a unique creation because of its plot and philosophy as well as while reading you can dive into the flop house and get to know the dregs of society. Also, you will find out after reading that all people are the same in some ways.
The book that makes the world of difference.
Mikhail Sholokhov "Fate of a man" (1956)
The "Fate of a man" is a short story written by Russian Soviet writer Mikhail Sholokhov based on real events. Sholokhov met the man who told him his sad story. The novelist captured the story and decided, "I will write a short story about it, I will definitely write".
In the first place, the author shows us a small story about life, Andrey Sokolov before, during and after The Great Patriotic War.
Secondly the book has only eighty pages, but the main character has to go through as much number of life testings as none of us will ever have.
Finally, the plot has so many breathtaking and heartbreaking actions so that not many melodramas and action films can compete with Sholokhov's book. (I have to add that the story is told from first person so this makes readers highly dive into the actions of the book)
I would like to mention that the meaning of the story is straight forward but very topical.
First of all, the main thought in the "Fate of a man" is to preserve own humanity, no matter what happens (it is really very important in the modern world) and be able to make ethical choices in the hardest moments of life.
Second of all, the writer proves the importance of family, love, goodness, charity, braveness, freedom, abilities to be able to help people. (It is also very actual in the contemporary world)
In the end, the Sholokhov tells us that the war destroys so many fates, kills the past and closes the road to the future.
If the speech reached to the "Fate of a man," I would say, "Please remove too sensitive people and children from the screen" because, as I mentioned before, it is so touching and heartbreaking.
In the other hand, if you want to figure out yourself, improve your life, work out on your behaviour and relations as well or just you love reading war literature with its own specific actions so go and read.
So small story so big meaning...
Valentin Rasputin " French Lessons" (1973)
The story "French lessons" was written by Russian Soviet writer Valentin Rasputin who understood folk like no other Soviet of writers else. Furthermore, there are two reasons to name the story autobiographical. The first of them is that wholly it is told from the first person. The last of them is that it is about childhood that is very similar to the author's.
Firstly the narrative of "French lessons" is well-equipped of many details, real places, and phenomena, which help to readers more dive into the atmosphere.
Secondly the plot shows readers the touching story of the relationship between teacher, and pupil. Thanks to this relationship the boy got an important life experience about goodness, mercy, and humanity.
In conclusion, I would like to mention that the plot extremely atmospheric, so the readers can feel themselves like they came back in childhood, but peculiar post-war childhood.
Besides the touching plot there is the way more important is the meaning of "French lessons"
So Valentin Rasputin showed hard life in post-wars years adjoint with constant fight for survival, and spiritual degradation of people. Even children became brutal beasts in question of surviving. However, the meaning of the story consists mainly to show that a human has to stay virtuous and steadfast.
Moreover, the author criticizes hypocrisy, rudeness, indifference and selfishness that are created by life difficulties.
Also, there is a though in the "French lessons" that one human cannot change the large-scale situation in the world, however, in his power to make at least something, invest a tiny piece that can make a difference in the enormous mechanism of the world.
In the end, the morality of Rasputin's story says that do not need to be despaired even in the hardest moment of life as well as it is necessary to struggle with the imperfect of the world using honesty, goodness, and understanding. The conclusion of Valentin Rasputin is that instead of sadness human has to struggle and not blame anyone but help.
The "French lessons" is a really fascinating story about past-war time. Valentin Rasputin lived in this time, so he creates a very reliable atmosphere that is really amazing.
"French lessons" can really change things in readers' consciousness.
Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov "Twelve Chairs" (1928)
In the first place Ilya the Arnoldovich Ilf and Yevgeny Petrovich (Petrov) got to know each other in the 1926 year when they worked in a common magazine named "Gudok".
Secondly, they started writing their acutely-satirical, adventure novel. Also, the "Twelve Chairs" could be confidently named picaresque novel. After one year the work was done.
Has to be mentioned, the novel was created based on facts that the writers were getting while they were working in magazine: letters, memos, compilations - all was from people.
So, first of all, the plot is very adventure and exciting as two crooks race across the Russia to get two diamonds that are hidden into the upholstery of one of twelve chairs.
Second of all, the authors create many characters that are satirical mocked. So, I. Ilf and E. Petrov managed to show as many fates of individual crooks as possible. The "Twelve Chairs" has crooks of all types.
Finally, the action of the novel begins in the 1926 year. The date was chosen not by any case because in this year was the tenth anniversary of the Soviet power.
In whole, the E. Petrov's and I. Ilf's novel shows us that pursuit of richness is a miserable shame and people who are running for the money look hilarious and not serious.
Furthermore, the most important thought of the "Twelve chairs" is the in the chase for the money people cannot see the happiness of the life. That is so important because nowadays any people want to get everything at once forgetting about the beauty of the life and prospects as well as human feelings.
In conclusion, the authors show us based on "Twelve chairs" that any of the attempts to come back to the past will be also looked very hilarious and comical.
Firstly, I would like to mention that the authors made the very real comical characters that you can really laugh at sometimes.
Secondly, the "Twelve Chairs" is a very famous novel all over the world and I extremely recommend it to read.
Finally, the meaning of the book is very simple, topical and very important at the same time.
So adventurous, exciting, interesting, hilarious in some places, with its comical characters and, of course, including important meaning novel written by two friends.
Mikhail Bulgakov "Master and Margarita" (1967)
To begin with, the "Master and Margarita" has many characters, several plot lines and development during the whole action. On the bases of that facts critics surely state that it is the novel. The "Master and Margarita" was created by the dramaturgist, director, theatre actor and the one of the most superior writers of the XX century, by Mikhail Bulgakov.
Well, the plot is very comprehensive, adventurous and mysterious, so none of readers will be allowed to get bored while reading. As well as interesting plot there is a unique thing that is inside the novel. This unique thing is that many very contrast plot lines are included into "Master and Margarita"
So, as I mentioned before, there are many plot lines. However, Bulgakov allocates three most superior plot lines.
First line of them is the most important and philosophical one. It is shown in the story of the Yeshua (Christ) and Judea, Pontius Pilate also it comes upon all during of the novel.
Second of them, most exciting, hilarious and adventurous is the mystical as well as satirical line. It shows readers the Voland(the devil himself) and his entourage that went to Moscow to give a ball and while they is preparing it the Voland let his entourage frolic, by punishing Moscow people for their vices.
Last of the plot lines is an unusual love story of Master and Margarita. Why their love story is unusual? First of all, the helper of lovers is the Voland himself. Second of all, when love visits Master and Margarita all actions are against their love. Finally, I mean the most strange thing about their love is that it depends on the book written by Master.
In the first place, as the "Master and MArgarita" has many plot lines Bulgakov raises as many issues as possible such as social, philosophical, love, political etc.
So, without any further ranting the first issue is the cowardice. Mikhail Bulgakov means that it is the stupidest person's vice. In Bulgakov's opinion exactly the cowardice changed the step of world history. In fact, this sense prevents live, create and love.
Also, the meaning of love and its influence of human and essence of its sense is getting up in the novel. Bulgakov showed that love is not a fairy tale where everyone is happy. The love is a constant fight, the ability to rid of everything for the sake of loving. It is shown on the example of especial love between Master and Margarita.
Finally, the meaning of hope is bound all novel, it is based on the message of the Voland:,"Everyone will be rewarded according to his faith". The author is pushing readers to realize what they are believing and for what? As a result of that, there is a thought of good and evil. The most colourful reflection, it got in the description of the Moscow people such as greedy, covetous and opportunistic that gets retribution for their vices from the Devil himself.
It is the genius of Bulgakov, I would compare "Master and Margarita" to "Harry Potter" and "Star Wars". So who loves fantasy, detective story or love novels I recommend you Bulgakov's work to read.
"Master and Margarita" is so colourful, diverse novel with mysterious characters and plot.
In that way there are many books in Russian classic that can make rich your morality and make you think in another way as well as make you see things from another sight. I hope this article was helpful for you and you have chosen your favourite book. Have nice day!