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Techniques in Poetic Writing

Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches education and communication courses in HEI. Ruby holds an MA in Education.


What are poetic techniques

Poetic devices or techniques are tools that may be utilized in a range of writing techniques to add rhythm, clarify content, and heighten emotion. One of several poetic techniques is the use of rhyme to establish rhythm. Find out more about the many poetic methods and examples of how poets use them to deepen meaning in this article below.

Why poets utilize techniques

Poems might have a rigid structure or none at all, but they always make use of poetic techniques. A poet might utilize poetic techniques to add rhythm, clarify a poem's content, or amplify a particular mood or emotion. Similar to how a hammer and nails glue planks of wood together, these gadgets aid in putting the poetry together. Some of these techniques are used in literature as well, but for the purpose of clarity, we will only discuss the poetry-specific techniques.


Below are some of the most common Techniques used in writing poetry:

1. Rhyming. Rhyming is a common poetry device. It flows poetry.
Many poems are free verse, which permits poets to compose without a set rhyming scheme. There are several rhyme systems. Topic, style, and subject determine which a poet utilizes.
2. Repetition. Poem repetition includes repeating a phrase or word.
Poets utilize this to stress a point, draw attention to a specific object or topic, or elicit an emotional response from the reader.
3. Meter. Meter helps structure poetry. Metric is the rhythmic pattern of a poem's line. Meter lends melody to poetry by prescribing a set number of syllables and stress.

4. Simile. Similes relate one item to another. They assist readers grasp something by comparing two items. "Her hair is as white as snow" is an example of simile.These sensory words immerse the reader in the poetry

5. Alliteration. Alliteration uses words with the same first sound.
The dripping drain drove me nuts. Alliteration helps attract the reader's attention in a poem. It gives the poet a chance to create unique descriptions.
6. Assonance. Assonance is repeated vowel sounds in close-together, different-consonant syllables.
7. Metaphor. Metaphors compare two items or behaviors. Metaphors don't use "like" or "as" like similes. Metaphors describe objects or actions nonliterally.
Metaphors compare two items or acts despite their differences. Ex. "I am a rose of Sharon, A lily of the valleys..."(Song of Solomon 2:1)

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7. Hyperbole. Hyperbole exaggerates a text in poetry. For emphasis or amusement, "If your right eye causes you to sin, gouge it out and throw it away…"Matthew 5:29.

8. Onomatopoeia. This is a pleasant and widespread poetic technique. Onomatopoeia is using words that replicate sounds, such bam, crash, boom, splash.

9. Symbolism. A poet employs symbols to symbolize things, colors, sounds, or locations.

10. Imagery. It is a visual symbolism or figurative language that generates a mental picture or other sense impressions.

For more information, watch this video.

This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.

© 2022 Ruby Campos

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