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Parts of Speech: Pronouns

Take the Assessment First

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. 1. Which of the following is a pronoun?
    • student
    • her
    • man
    • cute
  2. 2. Which of the following is not a pronoun?
    • our
    • you
    • which
    • city
  3. 3. ___ looks stunning with her red gown.
    • her
    • hers
    • he
    • she
  4. 4. ___ bag is this?
    • Who is
    • Whom
    • Whose
    • Who's
  5. 5. Which of the following is a demonstrative pronoun?
    • who
    • those
    • they
    • we

Answer Key

  1. her
  2. city
  3. she
  4. Whose
  5. those

Interpreting Your Score

If you got between 0 and 1 correct answer: Review your lesson about pronouns and read this article.

If you got between 2 and 3 correct answers: Not bad but is better to review your lesson about pronouns and read this article.

If you got 4 correct answers: Good! Reading this article will make your score higher.

If you got 5 correct answers: Excellent! Share this article to your friends.

Pronouns makes speeches interesting.

Pronouns makes speeches interesting.

Definition of Pronouns

Pronouns are words that are used as substitutes for nouns or noun phrase. There are different kinds of pronouns.

Kinds of Pronouns

1. Personal Pronouns refer to the person speaking, person being spoken to, or person or thing spoken of. This is divided into three forms. The forms of personal pronouns are discussed below.

a. First Person refers to the speaker.

Example of Pronouns in First Person

SingularPlural

I

we

my

our

mine

ours

me

us

Sentence examples for First Person

Singular :

▪ I am a singer.

▪ My table is clean.

Plural :

▪ We are singers.

▪ Our tables are clean.

b. Second Person refers to the person being spoken to.

Example of Pronouns in Second Person

Note: The singular and plural forms of the second person pronouns are the same.

SingularPlural

you

you

your

your

yours

yours

Sentence Examples for Second Person

Singular : You are eating pasta.

Plural : You are all eating pasta.

The sentence examples for singular form means only one person is eating pasta while the plural form means there are more than one person are eating pasta.

c. Third Person refers to the person or thing being spoken of.

Example of Pronouns in Third Person

Except it and its, the rest of the personal pronouns in third person refer to persons.

SingularPlural

he

they

his

their

him

theirs

she

them

her

 

hers

 

it

 

its

 

Sentence Example for Third Person

Singular : She is attending the meeting.

Plural : They are attending the meeting.

2. Compound Personal Pronouns

Some personal pronouns like my, her, him, your, them, our and it are added with self (singular) or selves (plural). These combined words are called compound personal pronouns. When using these compound personal pronouns, antecedents must be employed. An antecedent is a noun for which a pronoun stands.

This shows the antecedent and compound personal pronoun in a sentence.

This shows the antecedent and compound personal pronoun in a sentence.

3. Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns introduce questions. What, which, who, whom, and whose are interrogative pronouns. Check the given examples for more information.

Sentence Examples for Interrogative Pronouns

Here are some sentence examples.

▪ What is your favorite movie?

▪ Which font style do you prefer to apply?

▪ Who is your father?

▪ Whom shall say is calling?

▪ Whose book is this?

4. Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns point out a specific person, place, or thing. This, that, these, and those are demonstrative pronouns. This (singular) and these (plural) refer to person or thing being pointed out nearby or just mentioned. On the hand, that (singular) and those (plural) refer to person or thing in far distance or not present.

Sentence Examples for Demonstrative Pronouns

▪ This is my computer.

▪ That is my computer.

▪ These are my phones.

▪ Those are my phones.

An orange is pointed out by the speaker.

An orange is pointed out by the speaker.

5. Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns refer to non-specific person, place, or thing.

Example of Indefinite Pronouns According to Type

TypeExample

Person

anybody, anyone, everybody, everyone,

 

someone,everyone, no one

 

nobody, somebody,

 

each, either

Place

each, other, neither, either

Thing

each, other, neither, either

Example of Indefinite Pronouns According to Number

SingularPluralSingular/Pronoun

another

both

all

anybody

few

any

each

many

most

no one

others

none

neither

several

some

6. Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns connect groups of words to another idea in a particular sentence. The relative pronouns are that, which, who, whom, and whose. Read the given examples hereunder.

Sentence Examples for Relative Pronouns

▪ The doctor whom Sheila admires is from Canada.

▪ Diether gave me the perfume that I wanted to buy for my birthday.

▪ The police caught the gangs who recruited children to sell drugs.

7. Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are pronouns that show ownership. The common possessive pronouns are my, mine, your, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs and whose. To understand more about possessive pronouns, the sentence examples are provided below.

Sentence Examples for Possessive Pronouns

▪ This is my phone.

The pronoun my indicates ownership of the phone.

▪ This phone is yours.

The pronoun yours indicates ownership of the phone.

Using an apostrophe to the above said pronouns do not indicate possession.

▪ It’s a meaningful song.

“It’s” does not show ownership. It is a contraction of the words “it” and “is”.

For some pronouns, an apostrophe and s are used to display ownership. The indefinite pronouns like anyone, everybody, someone and many more are added with an apostrophe and s in the end to show ownership.

Example of Possessive Indefinite Pronouns

another’s spoon

someone’s notebook

anyone’s book

no one’s hope

everybody’s house

everyone’s journey

nobody’s choice

others’ wives

8. Gender Pronouns

Gender pronouns are pronouns that refer to gender. There are four gender pronouns in grammar. These are masculine, feminine, common and neuter genders.


Example of Gender Pronouns

MasculineFeminineCommonNeuter

he

she

doctor

table

him

her

cashier

pen

brother

sister

sibling

glass

"He" and "She" are used to label rest rooms.

"He" and "She" are used to label rest rooms.

9. Number Pronouns

Number pronouns are regarded as singular or plural depending on their use. When the pronouns all, any, some, and none refer to a number, they are regarded as plural. When they refer to quantity or a mass, they are regarded as singular.


Sentence Examples for Number Pronouns

Singular Form:

▪ There is no spare paper in the supply office. All of it has been used already.

Plural Form:

All members are marching.

10. Compound Antecedent Pronouns

Compound antecedent pronouns can be singular or plural. If both antecedents are singular and refer to different persons or things, the compound antecedent is regarded as plural. Same rule applies when one of the antecedents is plural. Therefore, the pronoun that refers to the compound antecedents must be plural as well.

On the other hand, if both antecedents are singular and refer to the same person, place or thing, the compound antecedent is regarded as singular. A singular pronoun must also be used.

Sentence Examples for Compound Antecedent Pronouns

Singular Sentence:

▪ Toni and Alex will have their concert next year.

▪ Toni, Alex and the Maroon 5 members will have their concert next year.

Plural Sentence:

▪ The manager and owner of the restaurant gave 30% discount for his dine-in costumers yesterday.

▪ The science teacher and subject coordinator refuses her friend for a lunch date.


11. Pronouns for Collective Nouns

Pronouns for collective nouns can also be singular or plural in form. Singular pronouns are used when the members of the collective noun are acting as unit or as one. On the other hand, plural pronouns are used when the members of the group are acting independently. Read the examples below.

Singular Sentence Example:

▪ The class performed its dance number.

Plural Sentence Example:

▪ The class performed their respective dance number.

Check your Understanding about Pronouns

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© 2014 Pinky de Garcia

Share your thoughts about this hub.

Pinky de Garcia (author) on November 13, 2014:

Hello, Frank!

Thanks for visiting my hub and leaving a comment of appreciation.

Best regards.

Frank Atanacio from Shelton on November 12, 2014:

academically useful hub.. good share my friend

Pinky de Garcia (author) on November 11, 2014:

Hi, kim!

I agree with you. Adults like us tend to forget the basic. Thanks for the comment.

Best regards.

Pinky de Garcia (author) on November 11, 2014:

Thanks online4!

ocfireflies on November 11, 2014:

For whom was this created? Smiles. I know lots of folks who could use a pronoun review- myself included. Great Job!

Kim