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Prejudice in "To Kill A Mockingbird"

To Kill a Mockingbird

Prejudice can be described as an opinion or judgment of a person based usually on race or religion before all the facts are known. In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee shows the terrible effects that prejudice has on people, including the main characters: Arthur Radley, Atticus Finch and Tom Robinson.

To begin, the awful consequences of prejudice are shown through Arthur Radley ( Boo Radley). Throughout Maycomb, Boo Radley is known as a “monster” for casually stabbing his father one day with scissors while he was cutting up paper for a scrapbook. Although this is a terrible thing to do, no one really knows if there was a motive behind his actions and the people of Maycomb are not giving Boo a chance to show how kind he really is. Another incident concerning prejudice towards Arthur Radley is between Scout, Jem and Dill. While Dill is visiting from Meridian, the three children play many acting games, and one summer they decide to act out a scene about the Radley’s. The play ends with Boo Radley (played by Jem) stabbing his Father, Mr. Radley (played by Dill) in the leg. This game is prejudice because they are only acting out what they have heard by word of mouth, and not actually witnessing the incident. The game abruptly ends when Atticus sees what they are doing. A third and final incident is about rumors encircling Boo Radley and what he supposedly does at night such as eating squirrels and peeking into windows:

Boo was about six-and-a-half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cats he could catch, that’s why his hands were bloodstained – if you ate an animal raw, you could never wash the blood off. There was a long jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten, his eyes popped, and he drooled most of the time. (13)

Ultimately, Scout finds out that Arthur is not any of these things, but because most people in Maycomb haven’t seen him for years, the rumours will go on about Boo Radley forever.

The second character affected by the dehumanizing effect of prejudice is Atticus Finch. Almost all of Scouts friends have fathers that are young and able to do things that her father is unable to do because of his age. This shows prejudice because Scout is jumping to conclusions before getting the facts straight and could have at the very least asked her father about something unique he can do. Later we find out Atticus has amazing aim with a gun. The second incident of prejudice towards Atticus is when he is called “nigger lover” for agreeing to defend a black man named Tom Robinson. The third occurrence of prejudice towards Mr. Finch is when Bob Ewell spits on Atticus’s face after the trial for defending Tom Robinson: “What kind of man are you!” Bob Ewell says this after he finds out Atticus is going to do his very best to defend Tom.

The third and probably the worst case of prejudice was with Tom Robinson. Near the beginning of the book, we find out that Tom Robinson, a black man, has been accused of raping Mayella Ewell, Bob Ewells daughter: “I see that black negro ruttin’ on my Mayella” (173). Mr. Ewell, even though he knows that this isn`t true, does his very best to make himself sound convincing, and that he saw Tom raping Mayella . While Scout, Jem and Dill are watching Tom Robinson’s trial, along with almost everyone in Maycomb, Atticus presents facts that are so revealing of Tom Robinson’s innocence. Unfortunately, the jury is consisting of only white, red neck farmers who believe that the black man did it without considering any facts put in front of them. The last case of prejudice is when Scout is trying to cheer Dill up after Dill hears how horribly Tom is treated by Mr. Gilmer while Tom is on the stand: “Well Dill, after all he’s just a Negro.” (199) In Maycomb, people are treated very differently based purely on their colour, and economic status.

To conclude, Lee’s novel To Kill A Mockingbird shows the awful effects of prejudice through three of the main characters: Arthur Radley, Atticus Finch and Tom Robinson. Arthur Radley is widely thought of as a monster but in the end turns out to be a caring person. Atticus Finch is discriminated against for doing what he thinks is right, which is defending a black man. Finally, Tom Robinson is put through so much racism and hatred that he is a dead man from the moment he stepped inside the Ewell’s house. This novel demonstrates what deadly effects prejudice can have on people and its effect on an entire town of people.


Laura Smith from Pittsburgh, PA on November 16, 2017:

Very good points. The child's perspective from which the story is told really helps to show the progression of prejudice in people and how it is learned, even if it's not spelled out for them but just experienced from watching how adults treat each other and then picking up on that as acceptable behavior. I think we all know a Boo Radley, Tom Robinson, Bob Ewell, and Atticus Finch in our lives. That's why people keep reading this book decades later.

Debabrata Acharjee from india on January 12, 2017:

Nice book :)

Mona Sabalones Gonzalez from Philippines on August 02, 2016:

I love this book, but have only come to truly understand it because of your article. Thank you very much. The prejudice against Tom Robinson was evident and the pressure the people put against Atticus was quite clear. By you led me to see there was also prejudice against Boo Radley. I thought it was just kid stuff when they'd make up stories about Boo, but now I see that prejudice begins with children and it is taught. Jem, Dill and Scout thankfully learned that prejudice is born of ignorance, but not all children come to eventually realize this.

Cissy1946 on April 22, 2016:

One of my favorite books and the first time I ever heard of a scuppernong grape. Nice to know people are still reading it.

thx on January 10, 2016:

Really helped with school essay

sup on October 13, 2015:

just wanted to point out that Boo Radley stabbed his father Auther Radley, otherwise this was good, with good information.

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why is their no eassy to copy :( on October 09, 2015:

this was good

bob on September 29, 2015:

bob was here

Anon101 on June 16, 2015:

Thank you, this was really useful, as I have an exam tomorrow and the question will be to show how prejudice is portrayed in to kill a mockingbird

annon. on June 08, 2015:

nice job, good for easy learning

anne on June 01, 2015:

very useful. thankyou very much

Urnan on April 06, 2015:

Nice thanks!!!!!!!!!!!!!11!!!1!!!!!ONE

Em on February 21, 2015:

Great detail and use of quotes

Titan on January 12, 2015:

yeah thanks bruh really is gonna help me and my friends on our psa summative

llama on August 26, 2014:

I am a llama. Please do not be prejudice against me. I am a llama. I eat fish and tacos. I get help from Dr. Phil.

Johne837 on August 18, 2014:

Hiya, I am really glad I have found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and web and this is really annoying. A good blog with interesting content, that is what I need. Thanks for keeping this website, I'll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it. agbgeddaedda

Johnd456 on August 18, 2014:

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Anonymous on July 21, 2014:

They treated colored people horribly back then.:(

squeak on February 21, 2014:

good essay james - thx

Yomo on February 03, 2014:


kitty on April 19, 2013:

thanks was usefull

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