Dean Traylor is a freelance writer and teacher who writes about various subjects, including education and creative writing.
On a park bench, away from the crowd
Overlooking tranquil harbor waters
We first kissed and proclaimed our love aloud
Thus, her heart was mine and my heart was hers.
We’re one as our heads floated like a cloud
Thus our hopes and dreams, together stirs.
In that moment nothing mattered more
As our love, like birds, began to soar.
Ottava Rima, the truncated Sonnet
Ottava Rima is another Italian lyric poem that gain popularity in the English language. It was introduced to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt and was used over the years by notable poets such as Lord Byron (According to numerous accounts, Byron he was in love with this format).
Like so many poems introduced or perfected during the 16th and 17th century, the Ottava Rima used iambic pentameter, which incorporated 10 syllables -- five stressed and five unstressed -- per line. It is comprised of eight lines (hence, the name) and uses the following rhyme scheme:
In many respects, the Ottava Rima is similar to such formats and Rime Royal (which incorporated seven lines with an ABABBCC), and the sonnet. However, this particular format is longer than the Rime Royal by one line and initially shorter than the various sonnet formats. Another way of looking at Ottava Rima is as being a truncated version of a sonnet. The themes are usually similar and the rhyme scheme are nearly identical.
Who was Sir Thomas Wyatt?
Sir Thomas Wyatt is a familiar name in 16th century poetry and literature. And, like many of his contemporaries, he was a diplomat, as well. During the rein of Henry VIII and the Elizabethan era, politicians and leaders had a tendency to dabble in the art of poetry (this includes Queen Elizabeth, too).
Part of the reason diplomats such as Sir Thomas Wyatt wrote poetry was to experiment and heighten the English language. The idea was to raise the language to prestige and transform it into a dominant language that could be used around the world.
Wyatt’s contribution to English literature was importing poetic forms from Europe, creating new rules for them, and incorporating them into the English literary tradition.
His literary work is vast and varied. He took the Italian sonnet from Petrarch and altered the rhyme schemes. Petrarch used an octave (eight lines) with a scheme of abba abba with a sestet (six) with various rhyme schemes. Wyatt used the same scheme for the first eight line, but altered the last six lines to have a scheme of cddc ee (William Shakespeare would later incorporate his own sonnet forms by using what Wyatt had, but making a few alterations – Shakespeare’s version is often known as the English sonnet).
There other forms imported from the Italian and French. Formats such as rondeau, terza rima, and ottava rima. Also he imitated the works of the classical Greek writers Seneca and Horace as well as experimented with epigrams and satires.
Also, Wyatt borrowed heavily from other masters of English Literature. Geoffrey Chaucer was among his favorite. Wyatt used words and phrases that originated from Chaucer.
Wyatt’s political life is interesting, to say the least. He was part of the royal court of King Henry VIII and was rumored have had an affair with one of his wives, Ann Boleyn (something that earned him a stay in the infamous Tower of London on grounds of adultery).
And finally, it appears that Wyatt had an American connection. His great-grandson, Sir Francis Wyatt, became the governor of the Virginia Colony. Thomas Wyatt’s sister, Margaret was the mother of Henry Lee of Ditchley, a line that would eventually include General Robert E. Lee.
Other Poems from the Writer
- Fir Trees and Mountain Peaks - Two Ninette Poems
In the spirit of April being Poetry Month, here are two ninette poems. Plus, a brief explanation of this particular form of poetry.
- Child Play and Cat: Two Lanterne Poems
Lanterne poems can be fun to write, and they can be complex. "Child Play" and "Cat, A Lanterne Poem" are two examples. Also, included is some insight on the structure and use of this short poem.
- Under a Concrete Gray Sky
America changed under a concrete gray sky on a fateful September day. But one entity remained strong and gave something that everyone needed.
© 2014 Dean Traylor
Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on March 10, 2014:
Voted up and awesome. Fascinating hub and so informative. Love that park bench and passing this on.
John Hansen from Gondwana Land on March 06, 2014:
Interesting poetry and informative hub. I had never heard of Ottava Rima before. Very interesting.
Audrey Howitt from California on March 05, 2014:
Beautiful poetry--and so good to hear about the form used!
Jamie Lee Hamann from Reno NV on March 05, 2014:
Awesome hub, what a great look at the history of the form and Sir Thomas Wyatt. I have tried my hand at Ottava Rima and find it as exciting as sonnets. Auden used them to write poems that he called letters. Great form, great hub. Jamie