Andrew has a keen interest in all aspects of poetry and writes extensively on the subject. His poems are published online and in print.
How to Kick-Start Your Poetry
Writing poetry isn't easy, that's why I've come up with some tips and prompts to help poets with the process of creating a poem when inspiration is lacking and they need a spark to get going.
Many poets rely on inspiration as the spark for their poems and that's often followed with disciplined work - concentrating on rhythm, structure and other poetic aspects to complete the poem. There's no substitute for inspiration but there's also no reason why this process can't work in reverse!
Having some ideas up your sleeve can stimulate the poetic juices and get them flowing in unusual and interesting ways.
Rarely does a poet finish a poem in one session. Even the shortest poems can take a heck of a time and even then some poets are never satisfied! Who was it who said, a poem is never really finished, its more like a sketch, preparation for the real thing?
The following tips and prompts will help all poets in need of some inspiration, be they beginner or veteran.
1. Challenge Yourself - New Poetry Forms
Try something new! Breaking fresh ground can be stimulating so why not have a go at a completely different sort of poem?
- a rondel - 13 lines with 3 stanzas and a rhyme scheme of ABba/abAB/abbaA. The rhyme can be simple and the idea is to start and end with the same repeated line. Traditionally there are 8 syllables per line.
- a ballad - used for telling a story, a ballad can be short or long and is often a series of quatrains with alternate 4 and 3 stresses in a line to give a loud and soft effect.
- a villanelle - 19 lines with 5 three line stanzas rhyming aba x 5 with abaa for the final stanza. The first line of the first stanza is the final line for stanzas two and four while the third line of the first stanza is the final line for stanzas three and five. These two refrains are then repeated in the final two lines of the last stanza.
2. Places and Spaces
We all have places and spaces we like to go to or have visited at some time. Think about one of your favourite places or a space you've created or found which attracts you.
- Write as much as you can about this place or space. Don't spend too much time on form yet, just get the lines down. When you've finished go through and take note of where you started from and where you've ended up.
- Now try and imagine a fantasy place or space and write as much as you can about that.
Work your through the lines and edit, shape and tie up loose ends to complete your poem.
3. Be Spontaneous
Poetry can come out of the blue when you least expect it. By being spontaneous you have a chance to create poems with immediacy and freshness. Take a headline for example, something that 'hits' you in the news. What are your feelings towards the people and the event itself? Jot down some initial words and lines, no matter how simple or crude, use them as the fuel for the rest of a poem.
- write one line or a sequence of words on a family member or friend. Use this as a catalyst for a short poem.
Perhaps you have a particularly strong interest in animals, pets, gardening, singing? It could be anything. What is it about the subject that excites you, stirs you up, creates a tension? Bring the subject to life by translating your emotions into lines of poetry, the here and now into a structured form.
4. Your Dreams
When you dream, all sorts of images and events come streaming out of your subconscious. In my experience most dreams are extremely personal and unique to the dreamer which means that basically you have a one-off source of surreal material.
- Transform the pictures, dialogue and quirky scenes into lines of poetry. Try and write the lines from the perspective of someone other than yourself. So, no first person 'I'.
5. The View
Have you ever looked out of a window? Of course you have. What about the view? Can you see far, or only into next door's yard or garden? What about a hospital window? Were there mountains, a sunset, trees? Or a bleak, bare landscape with only your reflection for company?
- you're in someone's house looking out;you're outside that house looking in. Write two short poems concentrating on your feelings about the place and the occupants.
6. A Journey
Driving, walking, on a bus, in a plane, visiting people and places - we make small and long journeys all the time. The trip you took as a teenager, the train you were on just before you got married, that one-off horse ride you tried to avoid?
- focus on a particular aspect of that journey and write a short account of it in prose. Read it through and try to construct a poem out of those sentences.
- pay attention to the action of driving, sailing, crossing, flying, running, cycling, walking. Is there a metaphor to explore?
- what's the reason for your journey? Are you on the road for a reason? Who waits for you? Question the journey but don't give straightforward answers.
7. The Alphabet
A poem based on letters of the alphabet is called an abcedarian. You can choose to use all 26 letters to create a poem or use vowels only, consonants only or a sequence to create your alphabet poem. Tricky, but fun!
- A bird caught dreaming every Friday.....
- And be cautious, don't expect favours.....
If you have a pet or you know someone who owns one, take time to study behaviour and habits and personality. That crazy parrot next door is worth a second look!
- Write 10 lines in any order about this pet. Don't take too much time with this initial exercise but return to it later and work on shape and lineation. Does the poem capture the essence?
Poems come in many shapes and sizes. Concrete poems can be created by shaping words and elements into an object or being, such as a person or animal.
- Experiment with different shapes - geometrical or organic - and try and fit the words into the form.
OblongOblongOb longOblongOblo ngOblongOblong OblongOblongOb longOblongOblo ngOblongRectan gleRectangleOb longRectangleO
10. Acrostic and Mesostic
An acrostic poem is one in which the first letter of each line makes up a complete word or sentence.
Claws sharp as needle points
And digging in.
That's his way of saying Hello.
A mesostic poem is similar to the above - but the main word features centrally, with the words in each line either side giving the impression of a growing plant or tree. You can learn more about mesostic poetry here.
11. The Sonnet
A sonnet is a form of classical poem usually written in iambic pentameter, an iamb being a poetic unit with an unstressed and a stressed syllable, de-DUM. They originated in Italy but were adapted when they came over to England in the 16th century.
There are three types of sonnet, the most popular being the 14 line Shakespearean which follows the classic rhyme scheme ababcdcdefefgg. The turn or volta comes in the final two lines, usually a conclusion wrapping up the argument or statements made in the previous eight lines.
- Write the first two lines of your sonnet on a subject you know well, checking for syllables and metre(meter).
For inspiration, here are the opening lines from William Shakespeare's sonnet 138:
When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her, though I know she lies,
12. The Couplet
A couplet is a two line form of stanza, usually with full rhyme but sometimes blank, most often as part of a longer series. They can be dramatic and powerful in short bursts.
Here's a serious couplet from N.Scott Momaday:
These figures moving in my rhyme,
Who are they? Death and Death's dog, Time.
- Try writing a couplet of any length on any subject, with and then without rhyme.
Haiku are short 3 line poems originally created in Japan but now very much a part of the modern poetry scene. Traditionally they have 17 syllables in a 5.7.5 structure and are based on natural phenomena with a Zen/philosophical leaning.
- Try the 5 syllable test for the first line and remember haiku are supposed to be all about Nature (but there's nothing to stop you stepping outside the box!)
14. The Visual Arts
Think of all the pictures, paintings, photos and movies you've ever seen. Work out a short list of 5 and focus on a certain event, image or storyline. You could look at:
- personal photos
- paintings on your wall
- art gallery exhibits
15. Your Notebook
I carry a small pocket-sized notebook with me wherever I go. You never know when inspiration might strike and to help keep the idea/feeling/observation fresh, a few words or lines in a notebook can be a catalyst for your next poem.
- Walking is an excellent exercise. Being outdoors and simply observing what's around you can result in surprising results. Try and capture the atmosphere within and without and make notes, however brief, which you can then refer to later.
16. Cut and Mix
This is a technique used most famously by songwriters like David Bowie and others. It's sometimes referred to as found poetry.
- Use advertising text, newspaper material, speeches, lyrics, your own notebooks, passages from a novel and so on to create a poem. You can write them down or type them out then cut them out and place the lines just where you want to. Feel free to adapt the lines and words, chopping out or lengthening lines to bring new meaning and changed perspective.
17. The Birds
Birds have long fascinated poets. More than any other animal they seem to spark the imagination and can inspire great work. Just think of Elizabeth Bishop's 'Sandpiper' or Emily Dickinson's 'Hope is the thing with feathers'; or how about Wallace Stevens and his 'Of Mere Being' or W.B. Yeats and ' The Wild Swans at Coole.'
- Look around and focus on your local birds. Even the dullest and dowdiest will offer something you can fix on - colour, flight, behaviour, song or no song, nesting habits, their daily routines. A poem can start with just a simple observation or a quirky event.
18. Metaphor and Simile
Sometimes a poem can begin with an accidental or intentional use of simile or metaphor. For example, you could be out with family and friends and someone might say ' The clouds are islands today' or ' That stream looks like a silver snake.'
Either comment could spark the imagination and begin the poetic process.
Learning from established poets can also be helpful. How about this simile from Wallace Stevens - 'Snow sparkles like eyesight falling to earth' or think about the extended metaphor in a poem such as Caged Bird by Maya Angelou.
- Poems can be enhanced and given depth by the skilful addition of simile and metaphor.
Philip Larkin in his poem The Trees uses simile to wonderful effect:
The trees are coming into leaf
Like something almost being said;
19. Dialect and Diction
In daily life we experience so many different situations. In the supermarket, on the street, in the bar, at home, on the bus or in the car or on the phone, even online. So many voices to listen to! But sometimes a snippet of conversation or a few words overheard can spark a poetic impulse.
Local dialect is often interesting to focus on because it isn't like formal speech. It can be knobbly, eccentric and have a peculiar vocabulary.
- Jot down some dialect words that interest you and try to make a dialect poem. You could use idioms and other local phrases, stretching your diction to slang if needs be.
20. Read Poetry
I read an awful lot of poetry, both modern and classical, free verse and rhyming. By close study of other poets you increase your chances of being inspired, of learning about technique. And it can often happen that as you read certain lines stir up the imagination - you find yourself wanting to start a fresh poem of your own on a different subject.
- As you read other poems be aware of lines that attract you, that puzzle you, that relate to your life. Try and develop themes and ideas within your new poem, directly drawing on the initial impulse. This isn't copying - you're not stealing the other poet's work - this is recycling material to make something new and original.
© 2016 Andrew Spacey