Engelta loves sharing art and literature reviews, sharing personal opinions in the mindset of todays world.
First of all,
Why do we need scientific articles? Can’t we just right fiction, or whatever?
No, we cannot. Scientific articles are needed because in simple words, they explicit the truth.
A scientific article is not about fiction, is about the reality. A scientific article is not about feelings, is about opinions. Opinions based in cold logical reasoning, not opinions based on feelings. Of course, you can share opinions even in a novel, poetry, any other kind of writing, but a scientific article is the best way to do it.
A scientific article shares facts. These facts may be well-known, but the idea is to remind people of them. So, a scientific article make people aware of their circumstances, of the lives they are living, of things they do mechanically and the ways they have forgotten to live. Therefore, a scientific article shares knowledge, and reasons.
To make it easier, you can create a plan scheme. It goes like this:
- Take a blank page, and right the topic at the header.
- Then link the topic using an arrow, with every single thought that comes into your mind.
- When you are done, link the thoughts together, because most of them will fall one under the other, to form the body part paragraphs.
Not all of the ideas are substantial so be selective. If you can not cut lose an idea, even though you can not find enough information to support it, you can always include it in the end, at the conclusion, because that is the place where you express your opinion, and that opinion does not need any information. It can stand on its own.
If that is so easy, why do I find it hard? What are you not telling me?
You find it hard, because you have to learn how to blend in it all the ideas that hit your mind when you think about a certain topic! Or, you may not have any ideas at all. In this case, you need to learn how to find ideas, and put them in there.
And this my friend, is what I am going to teach you. Take the topic, find the ideas, blend them in. Tata! Your marvellous scientific article is ready to get published!
Work on it, by imagining the process step by step as a physiological process.
- Think of the scientific article as your own body. Mouth takes food, tastes it, finds out what it is, then passes it to your stomach. This is the introduction part.
- You stomach processes the food, takes the needed nutrients, passes them to the blood or down to your bowels. This is the body part.
- The bowels and the blood are the conclusion part. The blood refers to the ideas that stick, that make the whole scientific article be what it is meant to be. The bowels take out of the scientific article the unnecessary things.
- This means, if some ideas that you have put in the body part do not make it through the conclusion, do not fit in the conclusion, cut them out. You do not need them, as your own body does not need some food’s remaining. They will only do harm, not good.
Informal scientific articles are scientific articles that often are poorly written, often containing jokes, or it is written to be a sarcastic view upon something. They do not have a point, and they do not emphasise any particular argument.
Formal scientific articles are the types of scientific articles you will need to present your topic, or to fulfil that literature homework. It is full of arguments, well-written reasons, points of views, and based opinions. This is what we are learning to write: the formal scientific articles.
Topic based, the scientific articles can be historical, philosophical, medicinal, legislative, biological, etc.
The major districts of scientific articles are:
- Narrative [a circumstance teller]
- Descriptive [what a person, feeling, objects looks like, tastes like, feels like...]
- Argumentative [why this, why that, why not, why yes...]
- Informative [explaining]
The basic scientific article.
It is called the basic scientific article, because it is really the base. You can write any topic on it. Let me teach you something about the structure.
Introduction – it is the part where you show the topic to your reader, you introduce.
The trick is: you do not re-write the topic. This is the common mistake everyone makes. You show the topic with other words, by explaining a phenomenon, or by picturing a life motion of the day. The topic makes you think: is not it so obvious how? Why should I write about this topic? What can I write? Everybody knows the answer. I have nothing new to share.
In fact, there are things to share. The fact that everybody is aware of it, does not mean you cannot share your opinion. Write whatever you feel like writing. Write however you see the problem. It is your opinion, it is your scientific article.
Another thing not to do in your introduction part is to write long sentences, a whole paragraph, or very short sentences. If you have one sentence only, and it is short, write another one. If your first sentence is long, it is more than enough. Jump to the body part.
Introduction it is only to show the topic, to drive people in the topic, and a little in your ideas.
Body – this is where the deal is made. This is the part where you show your whole potential. Body must be no less than 6-7 whole paragraphs for each 2-3 chapters. When I say whole paragraph I mean: a paragraph that has at least 3 sentences, well written sentences.
- The first sentence is about your reason.
- The second sentence supports your reason.
- The third sentence leads to the next paragraph, the next reason.
Conclusion – this is where the trick lies. Your reader will not remember the beginning, but they will remember the end! Conclusion is written in 2-3 paragraphs, and then you can add recommendations.
- The first one reminds the reader the topic once more.
- The second one concludes the reasons again. Be careful, do not try to explain them again, you did the explaining in the body part.
- It ends with stating your opinion, and/or recommendations.
This numbers I gave you, are the best for written scientific articles. These neither are short, nor long scientific articles. They are just right for your literature subject, and you can always write a 2500 words scientific article or 1500 words.
I do this trick with number of sentences and paragraphs per introduction, body and conclusion all the time, so the words add up, and I share as much information as needed.
Your editors are not grading you based on your opinion. That is individual, and no one can judge you on that. So do not try to fit into a certain opinion given to you by your colleagues, editors, etc., or that you think your audience will appreciate.
Bear in mind that your publishing editor will value your writing based on:
4. Paragraphs linking
References/ bibliography are a must! They make scientific article, and every other written work look more professional, and as you have really put an effort in it, you have worked hard.
Just do not put there: Wikipedia, or Google. We all know these are not believable sources of information. You should write the whole link, a well-known magazine, a book, a quote by a famous person, or the study group you took the surveys from.
and link with it every possible element, word, feeling, phrase, quote, that flows in
And you can always design the plan scheme for the scientific article. Imagine the topic/subject, your mind. Then arrange them using the above tips.
One important tip is to not use the same word over and over again, as it becomes boring. Instead, you can try out synonyms of that particular word, or use a whole new phrase.
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