Chinyere remains the passionate teacher who likes giving the learners the best they deserve
Teaching is systematic. It has standard methodology of inciting learners to comprehend facts without boredom or worrisome. Lesson plan is one of the best tool of a teacher. It guides the teacher to impact desired knowledge in learners.
In Nigeria, the rate at which youngsters graduate from higher institution is alarming. Our society is increasing day after day with graduates from different field of knowledge.
Meanwhile, there is unemployment due to insufficient job opportunities for the fresh graduates. Teaching however becomes a substitute job for them.
Many of them do not have knowledge of classroom teaching. For them, it seemed easy to enter class and start teaching. The belief that every graduate can teach is a wrong impression about teaching. Such understanding is causing havoc between the learners and teachers, even the parents.
Some of them use an unquantifiable objective to ascertain the state of the learner at the end of a lesson period. For instance, when the objective action word takes the verb “know”, it's difficult to measure whether the leaner actually knows what he ought to do at the end of a lesson.
Thus, there is an absolute difference between measurable and immeasurable verbs in determining the state of a learner after a period of lesson.
The content of this article will guide you to write a standard lesson plan.
What is a lesson plan?
The lesson plan is a planned, organized amount of subject and learning experiences that the teacher will communicate to the learners with details of how the instruction will take place within a lesson period.
The lesson is the specific level of instructional plans. It's derived from the analysis of the unite plan. When you break the title unite into smaller topics and sub topics, you have the lesson topic, which can be used to plan a lesson.
Lesson plan is the structure series of sequential organized topic and learning experiences which derive from an analysis of the teaching learning unit.
Furthermore, it involves statements of behavioral stated objectives and such other elements as instructional resources, methods, procedure and evaluation plans, for the purpose of aiding the teacher implement the curriculum at the classroom level for one lesson period.
Lesson plan is how you state the objectives of the lesson,
how you explain the objectives,
the method you use,
how you implement the teaching material,
how to evaluate the lesson,
and what the learners should do at the end of the lesson.
Do I need a lesson plan?
Of course, the reasons are:
- It gives teacher correct steps and procedures in classroom teaching.
- It saves time
- It has meaningful objectives
- The content and objectives reflect in class activities
- Enables you to select instructional material or equipment fit for the topic
- Gives you clue to proper evaluation tools
- The learners get the most important content
Components of a lesson plan:
There are necessary parts of a lesson that you need not exclude, for you to bring you to bring out the best, you should outline the components as follows:
Description which consists of subject, date, time, class, average age of students, and topic of the lesson.
Specific Instructional or behavioral objective, which must contain the objective domains.
Instructional procedure, must have step by step order
Students class activities
There are several ways of preparing a lesson plan. You may use the tabular form. The important thing is however to ensure it obtains the vital elements.
A sample lesson plan
Class: grade 7
Subject: Social Studies
Date: 20th November 2021
Duration: 40 minutes
of students: 10 years
Specific Instructional Objectives:
By the end of the lesson the students, should be able to perform the following tasks:
- define culture
- analyze the components of culture
- evaluate the features of culture
- describe the Igbo culture
- demonstrate the differences in culture of major ethnic groups in Nigeria
- state the need for each ethnic group to accommodate the other despite any form of difference
Teaching Aids/ Equipment:
A video clip showing different cultural groups
Pictures of material culture
Charts of non-material culture.
The inquiry method, discussion method, explanatory method, activity method, question, and answer method.
The students are able to explain family as a primary social group. Cognizance of the fact that everyone in the society comes from a family. They can also state the roles and responsibility of members of the family and benefits of small family size.
The teacher asks the following questions not only to capture the attention of the students, but also to test the assumed entry behavior:
- What is family?
- Mention the roles of children in the family
- why did father provide for the family?
- What do you predict would happen in a large family?
The student answer the questions correctly.
The teacher begins the lesson by explaining the instructional objectives using the following steps.
The definition of culture; the teacher defines culture as the total ways of life of a group of people. With this definition, the students will like understand more about the group of people.
Therefore, the teacher applies the video clip teaching equipment. She back up the definition using the explanation method.
The components of culture; the teacher mentions the material culture and non-material culture. She uses the descriptive method to throw more light on it. The teacher uses the teaching materials, e.g., pictures, for easy understanding.
Features of culture; the teacher using the pictures discusses the features of culture.
At these junctions, she asks the students questions like:
What are the material culture? Give one example of non-material culture, mention features of culture,
The students provide correct answer to the question to prove their activeness
The Igbo culture; the teacher describes the culture of Igbo people. She showcases their objects ranges from birth, upbringing, marriage, festivals, and burials.
The differences in culture of different ethnic groups in Nigeria. The teacher can use discussion technique to make more emphasis on the point.
She should use a video clip to drill the students on the discussion.
The need for each ethnic group to accommodate each other, the teacher, elaborates on the need for each group to live peacefully with each other. The teacher splits the class into groups to go and explore on the point.
As the lesson progresses, the teacher asks question, and students answer as well ask the teacher questions on any ambiguous point.
A verbal summary of the lesson. The teacher goes over the entire lesson and allows students time to ask questions, after which she concludes the lesson.
Igbo cultural dance
The teacher evaluates the lesson using the questions which intimately relate with the stated objectives:
(The students may answer the questions verbally or written. It may serve as an internal exam question or assignment)
- In your understanding, define culture,
- State the components of culture and give 3 examples using the surrounding pictures.
- Identify 4 features of culture
- Analyze the differences in components of culture
- Describe the Igbo culture
- How does Hausa culture differs from Yoruba, give reasons.
- Do you think the different cultural group should accommodate each other?
Students class activity:
(The students should answer these questions in the class under the teacher's supervision. It should be written in their class activity book.)
- ------------------- is the ways of life of a group of people
- There are------------------------ components of culture
- Which, of these, is not a material culture (a) house (b)dress (c) music
- Emir is to Hausa as ---------------- is to Igbo
- Igbo culture use ----------------- to do burial of their dead relative.
- Does a Fulani man have the right to kill someone from another tribe? Give reason.
Any young graduate who makes use of this article lesson plan format will definitely make his learners proud. You will have courage to teach, Lesson plan is a vital material of a teacher with your lesson plan you can attend to some silly questions of learners which may cause you to panic or fidget before them.
Moreover, the objectives must cover the cognitive and affective domains. From the sample above on instructional objectives, numbers 1-4 cover the cognitive domain, while 5-6 cover the affective domain.
Don't forget our focus:
components of lesson plan
reasons for having a lesson plan
order of presentation
© 2021 Chinyere Okoye
Does the content of this article contains useful facts
Chinyere Okoye (author) from Anambra ,Awka on August 24, 2021:
you got it right!,I appreciate thanks.
Chinelo peace on August 22, 2021:
Preparing a lesson plan is a way to achieve stated objectives without drifting away and wasting time