What is Found Poetry?
There are poems hidden all around you—if you know how to find them. Look carefully, with a creative eye, and the result is “found poetry.”
Found poetry is based on an existing text—a page from a book, a newspaper or magazine article, a letter from your insurance company, the classifieds, an advertisement, a label from a package, etc. The poet transforms the text in some way-- for instance, blacking out or omitting some of the words, changing line breaks, or adding/removing punctuation--to create a poem.
As always when writing poetry, poetic techniques are used to convey a sentiment or message.
A Blackout Poem: Love Provokes
Blackout poetry is a very popular form of poetry.
The poet takes a text, a newspaper article for example, and a black marker pen.
The poet first decides what words from the text will be selected to create the poem. All the other words are then blacked out.
The position of the words on the page is as important as the words themselves. The end result is both a literary and visual work of art. It is the literary equivalent of a collage.
With this type of poetry, the final poem may or not have any relation to the topic in the source document.
The adjacent blackout poem began as a review of a play. it appeared in my local newspaper, The Orlando Sentinel.
I used a black magic marker, but any color marker can be used as long as it is dark enough to obscure the unwanted text.
One of the best known practitioners of this type of found poetry is Austin Kleon. His poems are available in book form or as framed art works.
Newspaper Blackout by Austin Kleon
Holistic Found Poetry
I’m coining the term “holistic found poetry” to distinguish it from blackout poetry.
Holistic found poetry takes the source text as a whole, adds or deletes no words, and relies on line breaks and punctuation to create the poems.
A well known practitioner of this form of found poetry is Hart Seely. He has compiled two books Pieces of Intelligence: The Existential Poetry of Donald H. Rumsfeld and O Holy Cow!: The Selected Verse of Phil Rizzuto.
Pieces of Intelligence compiled by Hart Seely
Here is an example taken from the Seely’s book on Rumsfeld, based upon one of Rumsfeld’s most famous statements about knowns and unknowns.
News Print Poetry
“News Print Poetry” is my unique form of found poetry, a combination of holistic found poetry and blackout poetry. This form challenges the poet to create a poem by creatively selecting words from news stories or other items in the newspaper. In addition to news articles, I used advertisements, the classifieds, the horoscopes, the TV listings, comics, advice columns, letters to the editor, calendar event listings.
I made up a set of rules.
- I could only use words from the original source. I could not add any words.
- I had to keep the words in their original order.
- I had free reign with punctuation and capitalization.
- I could change tense of verbs and turn nouns from singular to plural or vice versa as needed.
- I could choose to use only one part of a compound word. For instance, “without” could could become either “with” or “out.”
- I could expand contractions. For instance “won’t” could become “will not.”
- I could change “a” to “an” and vice versa.
- I could repeat a word or phrase, but only if it immediately preceded the next word used in the poem.
- And, if absolutely necessary, I could to add a minor word like “and” or “the.”
The News Print Poetry 2012 Project—The Process
In the waning days of 2011, I set a challenge for myself: I would create a “news print poem” every day throughout 2012 using my local Central Florida newspaper, The Orlando Sentinel, as the source document.
Every day, every single day, for a year, for a whole year, I wrote a poem—and 2012 was a leap year, giving me an extra day. Some days I wrote two or three poems because I was inspired by something in the newspaper. I ended the year with about 400 poems. Taken together, they are a retrospective of the year. It is fun to go back and see what was happening on a particular day back in 2012.
When searching for something to use for my poems, my first choice was a page-one story. However, often the best story to use was buried in the interior of the newspaper. I wanted a story that had emotion or humor or both. I also needed a story which gave me something to work with-- interesting imagery, alliteration, or rhyme. (Better yet, all three.)
Finally, I looked for importance or relevance. Although the topic was often about Central Florida or Florida, I asked myself if it would be interesting to national or international audiences before choosing it. Additionally, I wanted a topic that would still be interesting a year later or even ten years later.
Some days, writing the poem was quick and easy. Other days, I spent hours on it. I often had a frustrating day because I had to abandon one or two attempted poems when they just weren’t working.
Some days the poems seemed to be exactly as I would have written them if I had no restrictions at all. Other days, the poems felt a little clunky because of the restrictions. I confess, just a very few times, I added a word or changed the order of a few words. I rationalized that a good poem was more important than adhering to my rules.
A fringe benefit of this project was that I became very well-informed because I had to read the newspaper closely to find something to use for my poem. I learned about a lot of things that would have probably passed right by me if not for this project.
The News Print Poetry Project—The Poems
The topics ran the gamut of the type of stories you see in newspapers—politics, crime, events, holidays, sports, health, science, education, accidents, food, celebrities, etc. A little bit of everything, just like in your local newspaper.
Some of the poems had an important message, some were trifles; some of the poems were serious, some were funny. Each poem provided an inspirational, amusing, or poignant view of the topic. Sometimes all three at the same time.
I put the poems on my blog, News Print Poetry 2012. Having the blog helped keep me on the task. Every day, I not only posted the poem, but I added a comment, and found a picture to illustrate the poem. When I compiled the book News Print Poetry: The Best of 2012 at the end of the year, I was sad that I could not include these pictures in the book. Sometimes the pictures added so much to the poem, either enhancing the meaning or sardonically commenting on it.
Even though the project is complete, I update the blog every now and then when I see something in the newspaper that inspires me to do another news print poem.
Writing the “News Print Poetry” poems was (and still is) both fun and challenging. Some people like to do the Sunday New York Times crossword puzzle; some people like to do Sudoku; some people like do 1,000-piece jigsaw puzzles. I like to do “News Print Poetry.” For me, the thrill of struggling to find the poem, and then finally, in a flash of inspiration, seeing the hidden poem as if it had just jumped right off the page, is just as big a thrill as completing a difficult puzzle.
A News Print Poem--from source to poem
Other Forms of Found Poetry
There’s another form of found poetry—the Cento. The cento is created using only the lines from other poems. The lines chosen must stay exactly as written—no changes, no omissions, no deletions. The lines can be from the same poet or different poets. The source of each line needs to be credited at the end of the poem.
This technique can also be used by just taking random lines of text from anywhere. For instance, you could use lines from billboards you pass on a trip. (If you are the driver, have a passenger write them down.)
The Importance of Attribution
Found poetry is subject to the terms of “fair use.” You may use of quotations from other works (poems, books, newspapers, magazines, etc.) if these quotations are altered into a poetic form that adds value due to significant imaginative or intellectual transformation. Full attribution should be given.
Sometimes, as with many blackout poems, the source material has been altered to such a great extent that it is no longer recognizable, consequently, in these cases, you may use your judgment about attribution.
In addition to my own blog, News Print Poetry 2012, you may want to take a look at these blogs, websites, and online journals.
There are also many books about found poetry.
What is Your Opinion?
© 2014 Catherine Giordano
Ann Carr from SW England on May 27, 2015:
Thank you, Catherine.
Catherine Giordano (author) from Orlando Florida on May 27, 2015:
Sorry Annart. Sometimes I don't see my comments. I just discovered yours about the August Poetry Project. I will try to find the website for you. I hope it is still active.
Ann Carr from SW England on May 09, 2015:
Yes, I've looked at some but I found it impossible to find details of the postcard project for this coming August. I only do Twitter apart from Hubpages and ordinary emails of course and I don't even use Twitter much; don't have enough time for hubs let alone anything else on line!
I'd like to take part in the poetry postcards so if you can give me any more details I'd be grateful. Sorry to be a pain!
Catherine Giordano (author) from Orlando Florida on May 09, 2015:
Thank you so much Ann. I'm so glad you fond my hub useful. I hope you give found poetry a try. Did you check out the pinterest page that I linked to? There is some beautiful artwork around found poems.
Ann Carr from SW England on May 09, 2015:
Fascinating stuff, Catherine. I'd read something on found poetry before but this is much more comprehensive and I like all your different forms. I'm keeping this on my 'desktop' for re-reading and for reference to inspire some of my own poetry. This all came from following up your lead regarding the postcards!
What a great thing to be able to look back on one day through poetry!
Great hub; love the illustrations. You are a talented writer and everything always 'comes together'.
Catherine Giordano (author) from Orlando Florida on February 27, 2015:
Blackout poetry is fun, but more difficult than it looks. have fun with it.
JohnMello from England on February 27, 2015:
Nice Hub, Catherine. I love the idea of Blackout poetry. Gives a whole new meaning to the word upcycling. I'll definitely give that a try. Voted up!
Catherine Giordano (author) from Orlando Florida on September 12, 2014:
Its a challenge. It forced me to write everyday.
Nick Deal from Earth on September 12, 2014:
These are some fun ideas for bringing out the inner poet with an outside stimulus.
Catherine Giordano (author) from Orlando Florida on September 11, 2014:
I'm glad you enjoyed my found poetry exercise. I want to write more of it, but I am too busy with HP right now so I neglect my found poetry blog. I love your idea that it is "a gift from the universe." I wish it did come all-gift wrapped, but I have found that it takes a lot of work--at least the kind that I do.
Audrey Howitt from California on September 11, 2014:
I love found poetry. It is always a bit like a gift from the universe I think!
Catherine Giordano (author) from Orlando Florida on August 28, 2014:
Gad you enjoyed the article about a different type of poetry.
sujaya venkatesh on August 28, 2014:
very interesting, thanks for the info cat