Who is Rabindranath Tagore?
Rabindranath Tagore is most popular as a writer however he was a man of numerous gifts. From one viewpoint, he was the principal Indian to win a Nobel for writing and on the other, an author who composed constantly a whole class of melodies. He was a thinker and educationist who set up a college that tested ordinary schooling.
Things you need to know
Tagore was a painter who assumed a significant part in modernizing Bengali craftsmanship. Furthermore, he was a patriot who surrendered his knighthood to fight English arrangements in frontier India after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.On his 154th birth commemoration, here is a rundown of five fascinating things about Tagore that you should know:The disarray about the birthdayTagore was conceived, as indicated by the Gregorian schedule, on May 7 of every 1861 - yet as per the Bengali schedule, it was the 25th of Baishakh.
Tagore's introduction to the world commemoration is generally celebrated by the Bengali people group on Baisakh 25 - which concurs this year with May 9 - and 'Pachishe (25th) Baishakh' is a significant social occasion.This year as well, top pioneers like Executive Narendra Modi and home priest Rajnath Singh paid their recognitions for the artist on May 7, two days in front of Baisakh 25.But for some, Gurudev's introduction to the world commemoration is on Saturday, as per the Bengali calendar.The first non-European to win a Nobel Prize
At the point when Tagore was granted the Nobel Prize for Writing in 1913, he turned into the primary non-European to win it. He was granted the prize after the distribution of his acclaimed assortment of sonnets Geetanjali.Tagore was perceived, as indicated by the Nobel board's assertion, "in view of his significantly delicate, new and delightful stanza, by which, with perfect ability, he has made his idyllic idea, communicated in his own English words, a piece of the writing of the West".
Sadly, in 2004, the prize was taken from the wellbeing vault of Visva-Bharati University.Later, the Swedish Institute introduced two imitations of the prize, one made of gold and the other of bronze, to Visva-Bharati University.Establishing Visva-Bharati.
While trying to challenge customary techniques for homeroom schooling, Tagore set up his very own college, where he needed humankind to be considered "some place past the restrictions of country and geography".Here, numerous classes are as yet held under trees in open fields.Visva-Bharati College was begun in 1921 at Santiniketan in Bengal's Birbhum region. For setting up Visva-Bharati, proclaimed a focal college in May 1951, Tagore utilized the money he got with the Nobel prize and gathered assets from around the world.The just individual to have made the public hymns out of three countriesMost individuals realize that Tagore composed the public hymns of India and Bangladesh - 'Jana Gana Mana' and 'Amar Sonar Bangla' respectively.But few realize that Sri Lanka's public song of praise depends on a Bengali melody initially composed by Tagore in 1938. It was converted into Sinhalese and embraced as the public song of devotion in 1951.One of Tagore's understudies at Visva-Bharati College, Ananda Samarakoon, deciphered the verses of Nama Sri Lanka Mata from Bengali to Sinhalese.Tagore is in this manner the lone individual to have made the public hymns out of three countries.Tagore's companionship with Gandhi and Einstein
Tagore presented the title of Mahatma on Gandhi. Albert Einstein and Tagore shared an affection for music. (HT Photo)It's fascinating to take note of the sort of relationship Tagore imparted to Mahatma Gandhi and Albert Einstein.It was Tagore who presented the title of 'Mahatma' on Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1915. In any case, specialists have said that however Tagore appreciated Gandhi, he contrasted with him on certain issues."Tagore respected Mahatma Gandhi massively and communicated his adoration for his authority consistently, yet forcefully varied with him when Gandhi was withdrawing from sufficient thinking," financial analyst Amartya Sen once said.A late story on Scroll.in shed light on how after the Nepal-Bihar quake of 1934, Gandhi ascribed the fiasco to the act of distance among Biharis. Gandhi had said the tremor was "a heavenly rebuke for the incredible sin we have submitted against those whom we depict as Harijans".Though Tagore was against distance, he discovered this contention on Gandhi's part irrational.The report said: "Tagore shot off an answer on realist lines, with a solicitation for it to be distributed in Gandhi's diary, Harijan. The letter communicated 'excruciating shock' at 'this sort of informal perspective on things'. It was basically mistaken, Gurudeb contended, to 'connect moral standards with vast phenomena'."To this Gandhi had answered that he felt wonders like dry seasons, floods, tremors and such, however they appear to have just actual beginnings, are some way or another associated with man's morals.Tagore met Albert Einstein multiple times somewhere in the range of 1930 and 1931 and their discussions were set apart "by their interest in different's commitments, their quest for truth and their adoration for music".According to a New York Times report, Tagore expounded on Einstein after their first gathering: ''There was nothing firm about him - there was no educated lack of approachability. He appeared to me a man who esteemed human relationship and he appeared toward me a genuine interest and comprehension."