Skip to main content

Basic Elements of a Theatere or Drama

Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches college courses including Speech and Theater Arts, etc. She enjoys reading and gardening.


Aristotelean components of Drama

Aristotle said tragedy has tale, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and song. Poetics analyzes the breadth and correct usage of these elements, using examples from Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides, and other lost authors.
In high school English, we master the 6 Aristotelean components of Drama and creative writing.
Similar tests were utilized to measure our capacity to understand the stories we read in high school and to duplicate similar patterns in writing prompts and short stories.
These strategies are internalized, assessed, and rarely addressed explicitly unless the learner pursues further education. Since playwriting has become more academic, more specialists consult Aristotle's Poetics to evaluate our plays.
Aristotle valued plot, character, reasoning, diction, spectacle, and song. These definitions help me understand how each item aids playwriting. The more we recognize these playwriting elements, the better we can employ them.
1.Plot: What, character-driven action. A Raisin in the Sun's family awaits the father's life insurance check. Walter Lee wants to develop a liquor business, but Beneatha wants to pay for college. Lena Younger, the rightful beneficiary of the insurance money, decides how to invest it. The play's core topic is what to do with dad's life insurance.
2.Character: Who, the protagonist and their relationships. When characterizing ensemble-driven plays, I use community. In a rare interview, Hansberry explains why the drama has no usual protagonist. Walter Lee talks the most, although Beneatha and Lena are also ambitious. Manufacturer-dependent.
The author lets each character to express and defend their objectives in this ensemble-driven drama. Minority playwrights (e.g. August Wilson, Pearl Cleage) compose such plays to promote equality above one voice. Digression: politics

3)Thought: Psychology. character's motives A Raisin in the Sun's Walter Lee and Beneatha want to rise. Both characters want to use an inheritance to attain financial security. This (sidebar) builds conflict well.

4.Diction: How characters utilize dialogue to achieve their aims. Beneatha and Walter Lee fought. Their mindset and financial plans are discussed.

5.Spectacle: Stage setup. The play is set in a 1950s Chicago slum. This affects the tale.

6.Song: verbal rhythm or music. Both drive tale or describe feeling. All! Pace conveys urgency, passion, culture, etc. Walter Lee's declarations and Beneatha and Lena Younger's lectures push Hansberry's realism.

Theatrical elements

The audience and the text are more important than the other 12 theatrical components outlined at the beginning (or script). Your sections will be expanded.
The other 9 theatre components are equally significant and complement the drama. In combination with other authors, we have these basic drama or theater components. Let's examine these 12 theatre elements:
First and most important theatrical ingredient. Actors and actresses study dramatic arts and offer scripts, situations, actions, costumes, etc. In other words, they bring the tale to life with their words, movements, gestures, etc.
Every drama has at least one actor or actress, frequently more. A play can also be created with puppets (ie, it is not essential that they are people). The second set is for kids.
The actors' voices are generally lively and loud enough to reach the full crowd (and to give forcefulness to the character). Verbal and nonverbal cues affect the tale. tale, actor's behavior, and audience's perception of role.

Words (or indent)
Next is the play's text. When a film or play is produced, the text is called a script. The narrative is told. This covers facts, scenarios, dialogues, etc.
It involves the approach, knot (or climax), and denouement. Text utilizes parenthesis to indicate what happens while speaking a piece.
The text is organized into acts (similar to book chapters) and tables. Without the text, the play wouldn't exist, thus it's another crucial part.


Other elements of the 12

3. Director

The play is coordinated by the director in order for all of the theatrical components to function properly. He may or may not also be an actor in turn. Her duties include organizing the scenes, the actors, the makeup, etc. This is the most accountable individual.

4. Listening (public)
The individuals to whom the play is presented and who attend performances make up the audience. The theater's mission is to amuse the people in a variety of ways while also disseminating social, political, historical, and vindictive concepts and values. Because of this, even if the audience does not participate in the work, it is still seen as a crucial component.

Scroll to Continue

5. Dressing
Clothing and accessories worn by actors and actresses are considered costumes (or puppets). The characters may be recognized by their clothing, which also helps us pinpoint the time period in which the narrative is set. It provides the viewers with a ton of information, after all.
This illustrates how costumes may be used to develop a character. A professional stylist and cosmetics artist collaborate to create this piece.

6. Make up
Another component of theater is makeup, which enables the actor or actress to be characterized by their outward look (especially facial). As we have seen, it is connected to the wardrobe, which means that it must "agree" with it or at the very least have a shared significance.
Depending on the sort of character, makeup may be utilized to cover up certain groups as well as the performers' flaws (or "defects"). Additionally, it enables the correction of distortions caused by light, which might include too much brightness or a loss of color.
The majority of the makeup is applied with cosmetic items like paints and lotions. It is possible to replicate scars, moles, freckles, and wounds in addition to emphasizing or enhancing characteristics.

7. Scenic design

The many decorations used to establish the plot are included in the scenography. In other words, it adorns the area where the actors act. The scenography's goal is to depict the plot's historical period as well as the chronological, social, and geographic setting in which it takes place.

8. Lighting
Lighting comprises the movement of lights and the employment of spotlights to cast light on certain areas of the stage (or actor). All of the lights and spotlights utilized throughout the work are also included. As a result, they make it possible to convey specific moods, emphasize (or hide) performers, etc. which turns into what we call dramatic lighting.

9. Items
Throughout the various performances, actors and actresses use objects, often known as props. Depending on the activity, they can move, toss, conceal, etc. them. They are regarded as distinguishing aspects of the theater even if they are regarded as a part of the scenography.
10. Choreography

The final component of theater is choreography, which comprises historical dances (or conflicts) (if they do). The musical pieces (sometimes referred to as "musical" to dry) provide the basis for the choreography. The performers' gestures and dances must match the music and the period being depicted.

11. Sound

Music and diverse sound effects make up the majority of the sound (e.g. the sound of birds in a spring scene). It enables us to accentuate and enliven history. The device also has microphones.

12. Voice over
The voice over is the last component of a play. It's the "background" voice, sometimes known as "voice over," that gives additional information or explains what's occurring on stage (though not all scenes need to be explained). Even though it's often a voice recording, the voice is coming from a person that the general public cannot see.

Final Thoughts

Other authors may give other elements slightly different from these, but basically they are similar and the same concepts in general. The ideas and concepts presented are the same though there are a little varioations.

© 2022 Ruby Campos

Related Articles