Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches Campus Journalism and other courses in HEI. She enjoys reading and traveling as her pastimes.
Reddick asserts that an editorial is "the mouthpiece of the school paper."
"An editorial is generally a short persuasive essay that develops from a writer's reaction to a timely news story," declares the Writer's INC.
It is "an article in a newspaper or other periodical or on a website presenting the opinion of the publisher, writer, or editor," says the Dictionary.com
An editorial expresses the newspaper's opinion. It is the voice and stance of the paper. It represents the editorial board's majority vote, the newspaper's governing body. Normally, an editorial is unsigned. Editorial writers, like lawyers, aim to persuade readers to agree with them. Editorials aim to influence public opinion, stimulate critical thinking, and prompt action.
Importance of an editorial in the school paper
According to Reddick, for at least three reasons, editorials are a significant component of the school newspaper: This is because of the following points (1) Properly planned editorials produce results. (2) Staff members have the opportunity to express their opinions and influence public opinion more so via the editorials than through any other section of the daily. 3) Editorials provide a unique chance for writers to exercise their creative writing skills.
Qualities of a good editorial
Reddick identifies three important qualities of a good editorial. First, interest. An editorial must first be interesting to the readers. Second, it must have brevity. Brief editorials like 200 words or shorter are preferred over long ones. But of course, the important points must not be sacrificed even if it is short. Long editorials are could be boring and may lose the reader's interest.. The third necessary quality is, force.
Editorial comes in many types. The type of editorial that should be written will depend on the writer's goals, including whether they are to inform, interpret, critique, praise, dispute, or entertain. Cruz 2010, cites different types of editorials. Here is an explanation of these:
1. Informational editorial - It aims to enlighten readers of facts they may not be familiar with. It briefly explains the facts it adds or restates from news reports. It could give a definition of a phrase, name a person or thing, give background information, etc.
2. Editorial of interpretation - It clarifies the importance or meaning of a news event, contemporary concepts, a circumstance, a predicament, a theory, or an assertion. The author just offers all sides of an issue and leaves it up to the reader to make up their own mind. Simply said, it interprets, for instance, the language of a recent memorandum from the principal, such as Freedom of the Press: Two Schools of Thought. Find an example here.
3. Editorial of Criticism - It highlights the positive or negative aspects of a problem or circumstance that was discussed in the news. The reader is intended to be persuaded by it. At the conclusion, a remedy is suggested, such as School administration, False promises about press freedom
4. Editorial of commendation, appreciation, or homage - It praises, commends, or pays tribute to a person or group that has carried out some activities or accomplishments that are worthy of acclaim. Find an example here.
5. Argumentation editorial - This is often referred to as persuasion editorial. The editor uses argument to persuade the reader to agree with his position on the subject, as in Freedom of the Press: Not Violated.
6. Entertainment editorial - It makes you grin, giggle, and laugh while implying the truth. Its primary goal is to amuse. Typically, it is brief; for instance, Miniskirt, Anyone?
7. Mood Editorial - This editorial gives a philosophy rather than a defense or justification. Frequently, the focus is on nature or an emotion, like in the case of Those Wonderful People Called Parents.
8. Special Occasion - It describes the importance of a unique day or occasion, such as The Meaning of Christmas.
9. Pooled Editorial-This is a piece of writing produced by two or more editors working at separate newspapers, and it is simultaneously published in each of those editors' respective publications.
10. Guest Editorial-This is usually sent by someone not coming from the staff of the paper. It either raises a complaint or gives a commendation or praise.
11. Campaign editorial-This type of editorial drives home the point of doing something and calling the readers to action about an issue or concern that demands a specific or immediate action.
For more examples of editorials, check this link here.
Cruz, C. J. (2010). Campus journalism and school paper advising. Sampaloc, Manila: Rex Bookstore, Inc.
Reddick, D.C. (1949). Journalism and the school paper. 4th ed. Boston: Harper.
_________(1990). Writers INC. 2nd ed. Burlington, WI: Write Source Educational Publishing House.
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