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Different Types of Poetic Form

Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches education and communication courses in HEI. Ruby holds an MA in Education.


Different Poetic Forms

It may be quite difficult to write poetry well, and at times, even attempting to comprehend it can be taxing. However, if you believe that poetry writing needs a degree in rocket science, you may want to reconsider.
Poems come in a huge variety of forms, and many of them follow very few conventions. All you have to do is choose a look that you like and then let your imagination go wild!

Learn more about certain types of the poetry forms that have endured the test of time in literature, including sonnets, epics, haiku, and villanelles.
1. Free verse. Poetry without a recurring rhyme scheme, metrical structure, or musical form is referred to as free verse. Check this example.

2. Blank verse. Poetry without rhyme that is written in a certain meter, nearly often iambic pentameter.
3. Poetry with rhymes. Rhymed poetry, as opposed to blank verse, must by definition rhyme, however their structure varies.
4. Narrative poem. Narrative poetry recounts a story by using the voices of a narrator and characters. Narrative poetry doesn't need rhyme. These short or long poems might be about basic or intricate stories. Click an example here.

5. Epic. A long, narrative poem is referred to as an epic poem. These lengthy poems often describe the incredible exploits and adventures of historical figures.
6. Haiku. A haiku is a three-line poem with its roots in Japanese culture. There are five syllables in the first line, seven in the second, and five again in the third.
7. Ballad. An example of narrative poetry that may be both lyrical and melodic is a ballad or ballade. It usually proceeds in a rhymed-quatrain format. It symbolizes a musical style of narrative, including examples from John Keats, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Bob Dylan.
8. Elegy. A poem that laments loss or death is called an elegy. It typically has themes of lamentation, loss, and introspection. It may, however, also examine topics like atonement and solace.
8. Sonnet. A sonnet is a 14-line poetry that often, but not always, addresses the subject of love. Within its 14 lines, sonnets include internal rhymes; the specific rhyme scheme depends on the sonnet's style.
9. Pastoral poetry. In a pastoral poetry, the natural environment, rural life, and landscapes are the main subjects. These poems have survived throughout time, appearing in works by Hesiod in Ancient Greece, Virgil in Ancient Rome, and many others.
10. Ode. An ode is a homage to its subject, much like an elegy, but unlike an elegy, the subject need not be deceased or even conscious, as in John Keats' "Ode on a Grecian Urn."
12. Songwriting. The wide area of poetry that deals with sentiments and emotion is referred to as lyric poetry. This sets it apart from the epic and dramatic poetry genres. Here is additional information about lyric poetry.
13. Limerick. A limerick is a five-line poem with just one stanza, an AABBA rhyme pattern, and a brief, punchy story or description as its topic.

14. Soliloquy. In a soliloquy, a character talks to himself or herself in a monologue to communicate inner ideas that the audience may not otherwise know. Although they often have poetic qualities, soliloquies are not by definition poetry. This is especially true of William Shakespeare's plays. See examples here.

15. Sestina. This type of poetry has six six-line stanzas and a concluding three-line stanza called "envoi" or "tornada." Its structure and features make it as well-known as the sextain. Unlike other poetry genres, sestinas don't rhyme. The poem's rhythm comes from repeating the final six words of the first stanza. Sestinas follow the end-word-pattern rule. Find some examples here.

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16. Villanelle This is a nineteen-line poem with an intricate internal rhyme pattern, made up of five tercets and a quatrain. Dylan Thomas, who wrote villanelles like "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night," is an example of how the form, which was originally a pastoral variety, has developed to convey obsessions and other difficult subjects. Here's an example by Dylan Thomas.

Elegy Example

© 2022 Ruby Campos

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