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Journalism: Definitions and Different Forms

Ruby writes from the Philippines. She teaches communication and education courses in a HEI. She enjoys reading and travelling.


What is Journalism?

Journalism is a style of writing that informs readers on events that actually took place, but which they may not already be aware of.
Journalists are those who compose articles for various publications. They might work for a publication such as a newspaper or magazine, a website, or even for a radio or television station.
Curiosity is the quality that distinguishes competent journalists as the best in their field. The best journalists are avid readers who are curious in their surroundings and seek to learn as much as they can about them.

Journalism may take many different forms, including the following:

Sometimes when we think of Journalism in its broader sense, it can be confusing since there appears to have many types of writing. However, knowing exactly what it is, maybe challenging for others especially for those who are not so familiar with the different types of writing. Nevertheless, a closer look of the following may help you clarify the concepts of Journalism.

1. News
a. The term "breaking news" refers to the reporting of an incident while it is taking place.
b. Feature pieces, which provide an in-depth look at an intriguing topic that is not currently trending in the news.
c. Enterprise or Investigative Tales: These are stories that unearth facts that only a select group of individuals were aware of.
2. Opinion
a. Editorials are articles that are not signed and represent the viewpoint of a newspaper.
b. Columns are articles that are signed by the author and convey his reporting as well as his conclusions.
c. Opinions and Reviews: These might be about things like concerts, restaurants, or movies.
3. Online Journalism

Journalism on the internet can take the forms described above, in addition to the following:
Blogs-are online diaries that are maintained by individuals or small groups of people.
Discussion Boards-Online question and answer pages that allow users of any platform to contribute their thoughts and opinions.
Wikis-are collections of articles in which any reader may make additions or edits.
The greatest journalism is easy to read and comes across as if it were being relayed to you by a kind and knowledgeable somebody who is sharing some fascinating information.



How do you get information for a news story? by announcing!
For a news story or op-ed, there are three major approaches to obtain information:
Interviews: conversing with individuals who have knowledge of the news story you are reporting.
Observation: Keeping an eye out for and listening to news events.
Documents: Reading reports, articles, court records, and other printed materials are examples of documents.
Your "sources" are the persons or materials you consult for a narrative. You always disclose the sources you utilized in your piece to your audience. So make sure to get the names of all your sources just right. The names of the sources you include in your tale should be correct, as should every other aspect of it.
The name alone is frequently insufficient to place a person in a news report. After all, many people have the same name. As a result, you should also include the ages, hometowns, occupations, and any other details about your sources that are pertinent to the tale.
When conducting an interview, watching something happen, or reading about something, you should take notes on the sources' responses to the following "Five Ws":
They, who?
How did they behave?
Where did they perform it?
When do they do this?
How come they did it?
Many competent journalists began their careers by keeping diaries. Purchase a notepad, and begin recording anything intriguing you learn, observe, or encounter each day. You might be shocked to learn how many enjoyable tales you come across each week!

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Here are some pointers for producing quality journalism:
Obtain the truth. As many facts as you can.
Inform your audience of the source of every piece of information you use in your tale.
Be open and honest about your ignorance.
Stay away from pretentious writing. Keep things simple.
The most significant event in your story should come first in your narrative. You refer to this as your "lead." One statement that encompasses the entire narrative is required.
Add information that further clarify or demonstrate what is happening in the event. It may be necessary to include some background information or "set the scene" with specifics from your observation. Once more, compose the narrative as if you were sharing it with a friend. Start with the most crucial information, then, if necessary, add background or details.
Your paragraph length will be less than it is when writing for a journalistic publication. You will begin a new paragraph each time you cite a new source. You will begin a new paragraph each time you make a new point. Once more, make sure to cite the source of every new piece of information you include in the narrative.
When quoting someone verbatim, you must include their exact words in quotation marks and add "attribution" at the end of the quote. Here's an illustration:
Dan Cruz, a nine-year-old student at BNHS, remarked, "I believe Mrs. Carlos' class is quite interesting."
When giving credit, commas should be inside the closing quotation mark.
It's possible to "paraphrase" some sources of information. This means that you rewrite the source's remarks to make them clearer or shorter rather than using its identical terms. A paraphrase does not require quote marks, but the source must still be noted. Here's an illustration: John Cruz, a fifth-grader at Bart Elementary School, noted that despite the lesson being challenging, children truly enjoyed it.

© 2022 Ruby Campos

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