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The Summer Solstice of the Year 2022, Which Will Occur in Midsummer.

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The summer solstice of the year 2022, which will occur in midsummer.

In the Northern Hemisphere, the June solstice, also called the summer solstice, happens when the Sun is at its highest and most northern point in the sky. In the northern half of the world, it means the start of summer. In June, on the other hand, the Sun is at its lowest point in the sky, marking the start of winter in the Southern Hemisphere.

The word "solstice" comes from the Latin word "solstitial," which is made up of the words "sol" (Sun) and "statism" (still or stopped). Because Earth's axis is tilted, the Sun doesn't rise and set in the same place on the horizon every morning and evening. As Earth moves around the Sun over the course of a year, the Sun's rise and set points move northward or southward in the sky. Also, the path of the Sun in the sky gets higher or lower over the course of a year. The June solstice is important because it is when the Sun is at its northernmost point in the sky. At this point, the Sun's path stays the same for a short time.

After the solstice, it looks like the Sun turns around and goes back the other way. The motion being talked about here is the Sun's apparent path across the sky when seen at the same time every day, such as at local noon. An analemma is the shape that its path makes over the course of a year. The Sun isn't moving, of course, unless you count its own orbit around the Milky Way galaxy. Instead, the Sun's position in the sky changes because Earth's axis is tilted as it orbits the Sun, and Earth's orbit isn't circular, but rather elliptical.

Does the Solstice happen on the same day every year?


The June solstice doesn't happen at a certain date or time on the calendar. Instead, it happens when the Sun is farthest north from the celestial equator. So, the solstice won't always happen on December 21. It changes between June 20, 21, and 22 right now.

The longest day of the year

On the Summer Solstice, there is the most time of daytime. At the solstice, the Sun is at its highest point in the sky, and its rays hit Earth at a more direct angle. This is what makes summer so warm. Because the Sun is at its highest point in the sky on this day, your shadow will be the shortest at solar noon, which is different from clock time noon. At local noon, the Sun crosses the local meridian, which is an imaginary line between the North and South Poles, and is at its highest point in the sky for the day.

This is the shortest day of the year and the first day of winter for people who live in the Southern Hemisphere.

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Why does the Summer Solstice not always happen on the same day?


A: In the Northern Hemisphere, the summer solstice happens between June 20 and June 22. This happens in part because the Gregorian calendar, which has 365 days, is different from the tropical year, which has about 365.242199 days. The tropical year is how long it takes the Earth to go around the Sun once. The Gregorian calendar adds a leap day about once every four years to make up for the missing fraction of days. This makes the date of summer jump backward. But the date also changes because of things like the Moon's and other planets' pull on Earth and the slight wobble in Earth's rotation.

Q: Why isn't the longest day of the year, the Summer Solstice, also the hottest day of the year?


A: The atmosphere, land, and oceans of Earth store some of the energy that comes from the Sun and release it as heat at different rates. Air and land heat or cool faster than water. Due to the angle of sunlight and the length of the day, the Northern Hemisphere gets the most energy from the Sun at the summer solstice. But the land and oceans are still pretty cool because it's spring, so the full effect of the heat on the air temperature hasn't hit yet. At some point, the stored heat from the summer solstice will be released back into the air by the land and, especially, the oceans. Depending on latitude and other factors, this means that the hottest temperatures of the year usually happen in late July, August, or later. Seasonal temperature lag is the name for this effect.


Why is June 24 Midsummer Day?


A: Historically, this day marks the middle of the growing season, halfway between planting and harvesting. In some cultures, it is known as one of the four "quarter days." People got ready for the hot summer days ahead by eating, dancing, and singing. Find out more about the Quarter Days of the past!


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