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Diwali in Nepal, The Five days Tihar Festival

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Diwali in Nepal, Tihar Festival

Diwali in Nepal, Tihar Festival

TIHAR Festival of Nepal

Diwali is a holy festival of Hindus in Nepal which is celebrated every year with great enthusiasm. The festival of Diwali in Nepal is celebrated for five days, that start with the day of Dhanteras. It is known as Tihar. Crow, cow, dog and bull are worshiped here during these five days. A large number of tourists also come to see this unique festival of the neighboring country. The Tihar festival is also known as Yampanchak, Diwali, Deepawali and the festival of lights.

These five days are of great enthusiasm and devotion to the people of Nepal, in which each day has different customs and beliefs of worship. In this article, know how the Tihar festival is celebrated in Nepal for five days, and the worship and religious belief of every single day of these five days.


View of India on Diwali (At Holy River Ganga, from Varanasi Ghat)

View of India on Diwali (At Holy River Ganga, from Varanasi Ghat)

Five Days Rituals of Tihar Festival

Hindus of Nepal, celebrate the Tihar festival by worshiping the Hindu goddess Laxmi for all five days. Idyllically Tihar is another form of Diwali to welcome Lakshmi (The goddess of light and wealth). But the greatest significance of Tihar festival is, Nepali Hindus show reverence for the animals like crows, cows and dogs to celebrate this festival. Hindu in Nepal believes these animals have an important role in society and have an ancient relationship with humans that must be praised and honored. The five day rituals of the festival are,

The celebration and worship in the five days of Tihar festival are,

  • 1. Kaag Tihar (Kaag Puja) – Worshiping Crows
  • 2. Kukur Tihar (Kukur Puja) – Worshiping Dogs
  • 3. Laxmi Puja – Worshiping Cows / Goddess Laxmi
  • 4. Govardhan Puja – Worshiping Oxen
  • 5. Bhai Tika – Worshiping Brothers & Sisters
Kaag Tihat in Nepal (TIHAR _ DAY 1)

Kaag Tihat in Nepal (TIHAR _ DAY 1)

Day 1. Kaag Tihar (Kaag Puja)

The first day of Tihar Festival is dedicated for crows and celebrated as Kaag Tihar. It is called "Kag Tihar", because crows are worshiped on this day, Kag means crow and Tihar means worship. On this day dishes are given to the crows, people put out the food and drink, so that the crows can eat it.

People of Hindu religion in Nepal believe that crows are the messengers of death, who can avert death and grief out of the house. And they are worshiped as a savior from sudden death.

Kukur Tihar (Dog Worship)

Kukur Tihar (Dog Worship)

Day 2. Kukur Tihar (Kukur Puja)

The second day of Tihar festival is dedicated to the most loyal companion of human. Dogs are worshiped on this day of festival. The dog worship in Nepal is a unique and exceptional festival, when dogs are worshiped. They are offered the Tika of garland or red-yellow powder and eatables.

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Day 3: GAI TIHAR

Day 3: GAI TIHAR

Day 3. Gai Tihar and Laxmi Pooja

The third day is the day of Diwali, and on this day Cow and goddess Laxmi are worshipped, also known as "Gay Tihar or Laxmi Puja". Its called Gai Tihar, because the "Gai Puja" is being performed on this day. Gaia means "Cow" and Puja means "Worship". The cow is considered as the form of Lakshmi in Sanatan Dharma. Five types of colors are applied to the cow.

According to the belief of Hindu religion, cow is the vehicle of Goddess Lakshmi, whose worship brings blessed wealth and happiness and prosperity in the house.

Day 3: LAXMI PUJA

Day 3: LAXMI PUJA

On this day, people keep their house clean and decorate the house with light lamps and fragrant lights in it, because according to the belief of Hindu religion, Goddess Laxmi doesn't stay in dirty places. So people, enlighten the house by lighting candles and Diyas (lighting oil lamps), to Invite and welcome the goddess Lakshmi. On this day the whole city looks as if the stars have come down to the ground, it is really a beautiful sight.

tihar-an-amazing-five-days-festival-of-nepal

And the last event of the third day festival is to bless the daughters with Tika and Prasad. Daughters are considered as Laxmi, In Hindu religion and being honored and blessed by Tika and gifts on this day of the festival.

Girls Playing Bhailo in Nepal on 3rd Day's Night of Tihar festival

Girls Playing Bhailo in Nepal on 3rd Day's Night of Tihar festival

And at the evening of the day, girls play Bhailo that continues all night long. Celebrated by dancing and singing and visiting to the nearby houses and girls get some amount of money or fruits or sweats as a gift that, which they distributed among themselves.

Day 4: Govardhan Puja

Day 4: Govardhan Puja

Day 4. Govardhan Puja

The fourth day of Tihar festival signifies the beginning of a New Year in Nepal and a Govardhan Puja is being held on this day of the festival that also known as Maha Puja and Goru Puja (Means: Worship of Oxen). The Cow dung has much religious importance in the Hindu religion and Govardhan Puja is conducted by the Cowdung, they make mountain constructed by Cow dung do the worship.

Govardhan Puja (Decorated Bulls)

Govardhan Puja (Decorated Bulls)

Also the People decorate their cattle (Cows and bulls) on this occasion by yellow turmeric powder and garland.

Nepali Guys Playing Deusi on 4th Day ofTIHAR Festival

Nepali Guys Playing Deusi on 4th Day ofTIHAR Festival

And at the evening boys will start playing Deusi, while girls Play Bhailo and that continues all night.

5. Bhai Tika

Day 5: BHAI TIKA

Day 5: BHAI TIKA

The last day of Tihar Festival represents the respect, bonding in relation. And Bhai Tika festival of day represents the bonding between brother and sisters. Sisters wish the longevity and prosperity to brothers by putting Tika and garlands. And in reverse brothers gives gifts and a promise to care of their sisters.

© 2016 Arai

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