Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.
Celebration Of Independence Day In India
India attained independence from the British rule on 15 August 1947.
Independence day is celebrated as a national holiday in India.
The celebrations start off with the Prime Minister hoisting the national flag at the historic Red Fort in New Delhi, India's capital and the firing of 21 gunshots, in honor of the occasion.This is followed by his nationally broadcast Independence speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort.
Prior to this, on the eve of independence day, the President of India, delivers "The Address To The Nation" speech. This is telecast nationally and broadcast on the radio too.
The Historical Red Fort
During his speech the Prime Minister focusses on the achievement of the government during the past year, mentions the issues that still need to be addressed and calls upon for further developmental efforts. Tributes are paid to the leaders of the freedom struggle.
The Indian national anthem - Jana Gana Mana - is sung. March past follows the speech with the division of the Indian Army leading and followed by the para military forces. Paraders and pageants which relive the events of the freedom struggle as well as the cultural traditions follow.
All state capitals hold events on similar lines with the Chief Ministers of the respective states unfurling the national flag followed by the ritualistic parades and pageants.
Schools & colleges also hold these flag hoisting ceremonies followed by the singing of the national anthem, which is then followed by holding of cultural events.
Important government buildings are adorned with strings of lights and the Indian tricolor - the national flag can be seen fluttering proudly from many houses and buildings as well.
Another interesting feature of the celebrations is the kite flying events that are held all over the country. The sky, on this day, is dotted with kites of various colors, shapes and sizes with many tricolored kites are seen flying.
India's First Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru India's first prime minister in his unique historical speech on 15 August 1947 said,
" Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny and now the time comes when we will redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
A moment comes, which but comes rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation long suppressed, finds utterance. We end today a period of ill fortune, and India discovers herself again."
How true and prophetic those words were.
The Indian Freedom Struggle - The Road To Independence (1857 - 1947)
Read in detail about India's freedom struggle.
The Indian Freedom Struggle (1857-1947)
The Indian freedom struggle has a history of almost 100 years.
It started with the Indian mutiny of 1857 which led to the end of the East India company's rule, the formation of the Indian National Congress, the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, the non Cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi, the Simon commission, the Civil disobedience movement and finally the Quit India movement started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942 followed by the partition of India by carving a separate state for the Muslims, called Pakistan.
This struggle for independence was a long and ardous battle during which 2 weapons were used;
- Non violence.
National Telecast Of The Celebration Ceremony Of 66 Years Of Independence
Unique & Lesser Known Facts About India
Some of these are :
- Chess, Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are India's gift to the world.
- The "Place Value" and "Decimal Value" systems were developed in India.
- The Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine is the oldest medicine system in the world.
- Navigation systems were developed in India.
- The world's first university was established in India.
- India was the only source of diamonds until 1896.
- The Indian constitution is the largest written constitution in the world, with 395 articles & 8 schedules.
Read some more interesting facts about India.
The Indian Flag
The Indian National Flag
The Indian National Flag is a horizontal three colored flag of deep saffron, white and dark green colors. Ashok Chakra, a 24 spoke wheel in navy blue color is at its center.
The Indian national flag is called "Tiranga" in Hindi. It is made of Khadi - a type of hand spun cloth, made of cotton or silk.
The saffron color represents courage, white; truth & purity and green; peace & prosperity. The Ashok Chakra represents the wheel of law or righteousness.
Dr S. Radhakrishnan, India's first Vice President and second President explained the symbolism of colors and the Ashoka Chakra in the Indian Tricolor thus;
- "The saffron color denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work.
- The white in the center is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.
- The green shows our relation to (the) soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends.
- The "Ashoka Chakra" in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag.
- The wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."
The Indian National Anthem
Jana-Gana-Mana - this song was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore. It was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali poet, philosopher, artist, playwright, composer and novelist and India's first Nobel laureate.
He was affectionately called Gurudev.
The Indian National Song
The National Song of India, Vande Mataram, was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.
It was a source of inspiration to the people during their struggle for freedom.
It has the same status as Jana-Gana-Mana, the National Anthem.
India's National Symbols
- National Animal..............................................................Tiger
- National Flower...............................................................Lotus
- National Fruit...................................................................Mango
- National Tree...................................................................Banyan Tree
- National Game..................