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Did You Know The History of International Women's Day?

This year theme for Women's Day celebration

Likewise, it is in line with the priority theme of the 65th session of the Commission on the Legal and Social Status of Women, "Women in public life, equal participation in decision-making" campaign. , which demands the right of women to make decisions in all spheres of life, equal pay, equitable distribution of care, and unpaid domestic work, an end to all forms of violence against women and girls. Girls and health care services that respond to their needs. For all these reasons, this year's International Women's Day is a cry in favor of the Equality Generation, to act to achieve an equal future for all. The Generation Equality Forum, the most important meeting for investment and the adoption of measures for gender equality, will begin in Mexico City between March 29 and 31 and will close in Paris in June 2021. This event virtual will bring together leaders, visionaries, and activists from around the world to drive transformative and lasting change for generations to come.

For all these reasons, this year's International Women's Day is a cry in favor of the Equality Generation, to act to achieve an equal future for all.

Beginning of International Women's Day

International Women's Day, also known as International Working Women's Day, 1 2 commemorates the struggle of women for their participation in society, for the emancipation of women, and their full development as a person. Commemorated on March 8 and is a national holiday in some countries, it was institutionalized by the United Nations in 1975 as International Women's Day. At the II International Conference of Socialist Women held in Copenhagen in 1910, Clara Zetkin proposed and approved the celebration of "Working Women's Day", which began to be celebrated the following year.1 The first commemoration was held on 19 March 1911 in Europe, more specifically in Germany, Austria, Denmark, and Switzerland; since then it has spread to other countries and continents. In 1972, the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution 3010, declared 1975 the "International Year of Women".

Women in ancient times

The history of women in ancient times did not receive much media or academic attention. However, some figures stand out, some literary and others real. Thus, in the comedy Lysistrata, by Aristophanes (5th century BC), from ancient Greece, there is a literary reference to the struggle of women. The protagonist, Lysistrata, goes on a sex strike against the men to force them to end the war.

During the French Revolution, women marched to Versailles, alongside men, demanding social equality under the slogan "liberty, equality, and fraternity." Soon, they became aware that the class struggle did not contemplate their gender, that is, the full social equality of women for which they had to fight. That became the first formal request for political rights and citizenship.

In its beginnings, at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th, the labor movement maintained a traditional patriarchal position about the equality of women and their demands. It will be in the mid-nineteenth century, when the women's protest movements gain strength: the fight for female suffrage, the demand for equality, the denouncement of social, family, and labor oppression.

Some Major Highlights

1994: recognition of International Women's Day in the United States

International Women's Day was celebrated on March 8 in many parts of the world, it was not celebrated in the United States until 1994, when Beata Poźniak, an immigrant actress from Poland, claimed, by petition to the United States Congress (HJ Res 316) the recognition of International Women's Day in the United States on March 8.

2011: the centenary of International Women's Day

In 2011, The UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, known as UN Women, also began to operate.

On March 8, 2017, feminist organizations from more than 50 countries promoted the First International Women's Strike to make sexist violence visible in all its forms and expressions: sexual, social, cultural, political, and economic.

In 2018, the International Women's Strike has convened again. More than 70 countries were joined and a large number of related local activists were joined.

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Gender equality by 2030

International Women's Day is a great platform to celebrate the progress courage and determination made by ordinary women who have played a key role in the history of their countries and communities. The world has made unprecedented progress, but no country has achieved gender equality. 50 years ago, we reached the Moon; In the last decade, we have discovered new human ancestors and photographed a black hole for the first time. Meanwhile, there are legal restrictions that prevent 2.7 billion women from accessing the same job options as men. Less than 25% of parliamentarians were women in 2019 and one in three women continues to experience gender-based violence. Let's make 2021 a watershed year for women and girls around the world.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2021 Bijan Lal Chakrabarty

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