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Dev Diwali is the Diwali celebration of Hindu Gods and Goddesses, Which is celebrated every year after 15 days of Diwali festival that falls on the full moon of the Hindu month of Kartika (November - December) on the occasion of Kartik Poornima.
It is believed that the festival of Diwali is celebrated by Hindus devotees and Dev Diwali is considered as a Diwali celebration of Hindu deity, and it is celebrated only in Varanasi city of India. People in Varanasi celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm and devotion. It is a day of religious importance for the devotees and on this day they take a bath and worship of Holy River Ganga.
Why Dev Diwali is Celebrated
Dev Diwali is also known as Dev Deepawali and Tripurotsava and celebrated every year at the bank of Holy River Ganga, only in Varanasi city of India.
Dev Diwali is the Celebration of Hindu gods, celebrated to mark the Victory of Lord Shiva over Evil king Tripurasur. Hindu devotees believe that the Hindu Gods are landing to the earth on the day of Kartik Poornima and at early morning they take a dip in the river Ganges, and worship and celebrate the Victory of Supreme Lord Shiva.
Why Dev Diwali is celebrated only in Varanasi city of India
Varanasi is the holiest city of Hindus, it is also called the city of supreme Hindu Lord Mahadev (Shiva). It is considered one of the oldest cities in the world and one of the seven most sacred cities that has been a traditional Centre of for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains from several thousand years.
Its located at the Bank of holy river Ganga and thousands of ancient Hindus temples are located in the city, the ancient Hindu tradition and Vedic convictions are still monitored in Varanasi. Varanasi is also known as Benares, Banaras, Benaras, Varanasi and Kashi.
It is believed that on the day of Diwali, the deity comes to Kashi, the city of Lord Shiva and celebrate the Lord Shiva's victory over the demon Tripurasur, That is why this festival is celebrated only in Kashi (today's Varanasi).
Interesting facts about Varanasi city, India
- Varanasi is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the world, and history of Varanasi is older than History.
- Varanasi is the most sacred city for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. And known as the city of temples.
- Varanasi is known as the land of Hindus Supreme Lord Shiva and sacred for Hindus.
- The city is also scared for Buddhists because the Lord Buddha founded Buddhism from Sarnath in Varanasi, around 528 BC when he gave his first sermon.
- The City is also sacred to Jains, the three sacred Jain Temples situated on the banks of the River Ganga, including the one most ancient temple of Jain Tirthankara Suparswanath.
The Five Stages of Dev Diwali Rituals
Dev Diwali rituals have five stages,
- Kartik Snan
Taking a dip in the Ganges in the early morning
- Ganga Aarti and Deep Daan
Worship of Holy river Ganga and Donating Diyas in the holy Ganges river after worshiping in the evening
- Ganpati Vandana
The prayer of Lord Ganesha
- Chanting mantras
Chanting of Vedic Hindu Mantras in Sanskrit Language
- Cultural events
The celebrations start at early morning and remaining rituals happen in the evening that starts with Ganpati Vandana. After that cultural program is organized by the local people.
1. Kartik Snan
Kartik Snan has the most religious expects of the festival, Thousands of Devotees are reaching at bank of Holy River Ganga at early morning to have a dip on the auspicious day of Kartik Purnima. They take a dip in River Ganga and lit earthen Diyas in the evening. The millions of Diyas at the Ghats (Bank of River Ganga), temples and floating earthen lams in river Ganga is an attraction for tourists.
2. Ganga Aarti and Deep Daan
- Ganga Aarti: The prayer of Holy River Ganga at evening.
The evening rituals start with the decoration of the Ghats, Devotees light the millions of earthen audios' (oil field lights) before to start the evening Ganga Aarti (Daily prayer). Every year, thousands of Devotees and tourists gathers at Dasasawamegh Ghat to attend the evening prayer. Taking a dip in the holy river Ganga and attending the Ganga Aarti is an immense pleasure and attraction for the devotees.
- Deep Daan: Donating oil lighted earthen Diyas to River Ganga.
The Deep Daan event is the tradition of offering oil lighted earthen lamps (Diyas) to Holy River Ganga. That start after evening prayer (Ganga Aarti), the millions of Devotees are reaching at the Ghats to donating Diyas and flowers, to Holy River Ganga.
3. Ganpati Vandana (Prayer of God Ganesha)
- Ganpati vandana: The Prayer of God Ganesha, followed by laying garland and flowers.
The most of Hindus festival starts with the prayer of the Lord Ganesha (The son of Hindus supreme God, Lord Shiva). The Hindus start their ceremony and festivals with the worship of Lord Ganesha. The worship of Ganesh followed by laying garland, is called Ganpati Vandana or Ganpati Aarti.
4. Chanting Mantras
- Chanting mantras- Vedic mantras are chanted by 21 brahmins and a total of 62 people.
Chanting of the Vedic mantras is being performed by a group of 62 members that include 21 Brahmins and 41 girls, and at last a Maha Aarati (Big prayer) is conducted at the holiest bank of river Ganga. And people distribute and exchange sweets (called, Prasad), after the prayer.
5. Ganga Mahotsav and Cultural Events
After the chanting of mantras in the evening, the rituals of Dev Diwali is completed and a cultural program is being organized by locals. The local club of dance and cultural programs is known as “Nritya Ganga group” that organizes the cultural events that hat includes dance and cultural performance.
Remembrance for brave soldiers
For the past few years, the Prime Minister of India, Honorable Narendra Modi has started a new event after cultural works. For the past few years, the Prime Minister of India, Honorable Narendra Modi has started a new event after cultural works. Which is the remembrance of the legends and brave soldiers of the city and at last, a traditional last post is also performed by the three armed forces (Army, Air Force and Navy).