I love Christmas and history, so I'm sharing what I learn about Christmas and its customs as they've changed over the decades and centuries.
Christmas Calendar for December 1930
What Was Christmas Like in the Great Depression of 1930 - 1939?
In the year 1930, the worst of the Great Depression was still to come. Christmas was still a merry time for those who still had jobs and homes and hope. Many were worrying about the bad economic news but tried not to let their children know that hard times were ahead.
As the decade progressed, more families lost their incomes or had to take reduced wages. Families sometimes took in boarders to help cover the mortgage. Bread lines started to appear in cities and people lost their homes to the bank.
Christmas became a struggle to "be of good cheer" with such hard times. The government under FDR's New Deal created work programs to get people back to earning.
Popular Toys of the 1930s and Other Gifts
Gift Ideas for Children and the Whole Family
- For boys and girls there were bicycles, air rifles, velocipeds, pop guns, coaster wagons, doll buggies, scooter, aeroplanes, pedal cards, train sets, Kiddie Kars, drums, ice skates, toy automobiles, swings, sleds, doll houses, boxing gloves, toy tractors, footballs and basketballs, toy trucks.
- The family might wish for pool tables, backgammon sets and board games.
- Gifts for the home might be electrical appliances like waffle irons, toasters, percolators (coffee makers), heaters, irons, sandwich toasters, and lamps.
- Under the category of practical gifts, the ads suggested casserole baking dishes, teapots, waffle batter jugs, Pyrex glass ovenware, aluminum and enamel roasters and Wagner cast aluminum ware. Other gifts for mom might include decorated cake covers, decorated breadboards, French drip coffee pots, scissors and shears, carving sets.
- Additional ideas were bird cages with a stand, decorated heat-proof china, auto robes and shawls.
- For dad, there were flashlights, safety razors, pocket knives, guns and rifles, tool sets, hunting and fishing gear, auto tools, carpenter tools, lanterns and Coleman lamps.
Special Foods for the Holiday
Sally remembers her mother's story of that time, "we popped corn in a skillet with a lid, on a woodburning stove. We had to shake the skillet to make sure the popcorn didn't burn."
They made pumpkin pie from home-grown pumpkins. You cut them into sections and scrape out the seeds, then bake them until soft in the oven. After cutting off the skin, the pumpkin was mashed up and spices added and cream to go into the homemade pie crust. If there was no pumpkin, the pie could be made from sweet potatoes with the same cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves seasoning. You could hardly tell the difference.
Hot chocolate was made in a pan on the stove from cocoa powder, sugar, and milk. There was no instant hot chocolate in those days.
Cookies from that time included molasses cookies, sugar cookies, and oatmeal raisin cookies. "Great grandmother loved oatmeal raisin cookies. She always boiled the raisins before folding then in so they would be moist and not chewy." Fudge, divinity, and taffy were popular too. Making taffy and pulling it to harden could even be a party with friends.
People Mailed Christmas Cards in the 1930s
The newspaper featured news items about school programs for the holiday or church gatherings and parties. There was caroling, family dinners on Christmas Day, and other traditional holiday activities.
Decorating for Christmas During the Great Depression
Memories of Long Ago Christmas Decorations
- My mother remembers, "We had little money when I was very young so we made paper chains and popcorn strings with cranberries between a few bits of popcorn. We cut out cardboard stars and pasted the silver foil from chewing gum onto them."
- Susan tells that her dad would go to the woods and cut down a small pine tree to bring home for their holiday tree. Nancy's grandmother remembered cutting holly branches in the wood. They put them in a bucket of water on the porch, then brought them inside at Christmas to tie red ribbon on the swags.
- Lisa's father showed the children how to make paper chains without using glue. You cut an L on each end and fold them together with the end tabs on the inside. You could use construction paper if you had it or cut the strips from magazine pages. They saved the chains to use again next year and kept adding to them so they were really long.
Thrifty Gifts for a Depression Era Christmas
As the Depression years dragged on, many workers were laid off, businesses closed down, and money was tight. The government provided some jobs in different programs to get people back to work, but there weren't enough of those for everyone.
So people economized, and lived by the slogan "make do or do without." At Christmas, they would make gifts with whatever they could manage. These needed to be things that involved labor rather than money. You could unravel an old sweater to use the wool for knitting a pair of socks or make mittens. Scavenging some wood meant you could hand-carve a wooden toys. An old orange crate combined with some baby buggy wheels from a broken carriage could be turned into a go-cart.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2019 Virginia Allain