Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.
The Constitution Of India
The Indian Constitution
Though the constitution was drafted and submitted to the Assembly on 4th November 1947 and passed by the constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949, it came into effect only on the 26th January 1950.
On this day, then, India became an Independent Democratic Republic.
The Indian Constitution is the longest of any constitution by any other country.
The Constitution of India provides all its citizens, justice, liberty and equality in all fields, and promotes brotherhood amongst them.
While Independence day celebrates liberation from the British rule, Republic day celebrates the day when the Constitution of India came into effect.
The constitution gave Indian citizens the power to elect their own government.
Indian Republic Day Celebrations
Indian Republic Day - A Big Event
We call it Gantantra Diwas in India.
Republic day is one of the most important national events and one of the three national holidays in India, the other two are Independence day and Gandhi Jayanti.
Regional identity takes a backseat on this day.
Indian Republic day celebrates the day when the constitution of India came into force.
The Republic day celebrations are held at Rajpath, in New Delhi, the capital of India, before the President of India.
The President of India addresses the nation on the eve of the Republic day and this is telecast live on television.
The President Takes The Salute On Republic Day in 2015
Agni-II missile - Republic Day Parade
Bidriware Handicraft From Bidar - Karnatake State Tableau - Republic Day Parade 2011
Float From State of Maharashtra at the 2015 Republic Day Parade
Members Of The Indian Military On Motorcycles During The 2015 Republic Day Parade
Republic Day Celebrations
Republic day is celebrated with much zeal, enthusiasm and fanfare, all over the country. To this end, a grand parade is held in the capital city, New Delhi, which starts from Raisana Hill and moving on Rajpath, past India Gate, ends at the historic Red Fort.
The celebrations start off early in the morning with the Prime Minister laying a floral wreath at Amar Jawan Jyoti, at India Gate, to honour soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country. A two-minute silence is observed.
The President then arrives with the Chief Guest, who is usually a notable Head of state of a foreign country, and other dignitaries. He then unfurls the national flag while the National Anthem is played. This is followed by a 21 gun salute to the National Flag.
Medals of bravery are awarded by the President to the Armed Forces' personnel for their exceptional bravery and to civilians for their acts of valour in difficult circumstances.
Following this, 4 helicopters of the Armed Forces fly past the area, showering rose petals on the gathering. Each helicopter bears a flag, starting with the Indian Tricolor, and then, the other 3 flags of the Army, Navy and Air Force.
This ceremony marks the beginning of the military parade by the Gallantry Award recipients and then the 3 Armed Force Regiments walk past the President who takes the salute.
The military parade is followed by the colourful cultural parade highlighting the rich Indian culture in the form of regional tableaux which depict their unique festivals, art and historical locations to the accompaniment of songs and folk dances.
The parade showcases India's military might and cultural diversity.
Government departments and ministries also present their tableaux. School children also take part in the parade singing patriotic songs and dancing as is skilful motorcycle riding and acrobatics by the Armed Forces' personnel.
The parade ends with the ceremonial salute to the President with jets and fighter planes flying past the parade.
The National Anthem is played to end the function. This is not the end of the celebrations as the Republic Day celebrations are a 3 day extravaganza.
Rashtrapati Bhavan Illuminated For Republic Day
On this national celebration day, all government buildings, as well as business houses, are illuminated with beautiful lighting from the 26-29 January.
Live coverage of the parade is relayed by television and radio channels.
On the 27th January, the creme of the NCC cadets hold a Prime Minister's rally and exhibit breathtaking performances and drills.
Beating The Retreat
This ceremony, held at Vijay Chowk on the evening of 29th January, denotes the end of the Republic Day celebrations.
The ceremony begins by bands of the 3 Armed Services marching & playing popular marching tunes.
Mahatma Gandhi's favourite music "Abide with me" is played by the drummers on this occasion and mesmerizing solo performances by the drummers are also given.
This is followed by the Bugle call for Retreat, beginning with the Band Master walking up to the President and requesting to take the bands away. The retreat is sounded at 6 PM and the National Flag is lowered. During the march back, a popular martial time tune "Sare Jahan Se Accha" is played.
This ceremony revives memories of ancient war customs when the sound of bugles at sunset would signal the cessation of the battle for the day, during wartime.
This marks the end of the Republic Day celebrations.
Beating The Retreat (2015)
Indian Army-Sikh Light Infantry regiment
Some Imposing Statistics
The 2 hours of public entertainment and celebrations for the Republic Day take 6 months of practice and preparation with more than 6000 marchers, 1200 students, 5000 artists working tirelessly with 33 departments and 3200 officials of the government round the clock to ensure a smooth, glitch-free ceremony and foolproof security.
42 contingents of 144 soldiers each march in the parade. About 10,000 personnel reside in Delhi cantonment and parade ground during this time.
The floats and tableaux are the handiwork of about 5000 fabricators and artists. There are over 1,11,000 seats of which almost 20000 seats were opened to the general public during the Republic day celebrations in 2015.
Cables as long as 38 kilometres are put by the Army's Signal Regiment to ensure the sound system is perfect.
Ashoka Pillar Signboard
Ashoka Pillar Sarnath
Ashoka Lions from Sarnath
Interesting Indian Republic Day Facts
- Prior to the day, the Constitution of India came into force, that is, 26 January 1950, the head of the State was an appointed Governor-General. Following this, the President became Head of the State.
- The 1st Republic Day parade was held on 26 January 1950 itself, the day the constitution of India came into effect.
- Jawaharlal Nehru, the 1st Indian Prime Minister, addressed the nation on the eve of the 1st Republic Day, though from then on, it is the President who does so.
- President Sukarno of Indonesia was the 1st Chief Guest on the 1st Republic Day parade.
- The peacock was declared as the national bird on Republic day in 1963.
- The Lion Head from the Ashoka Pillar in Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem on this day.
- Over 100 aircraft participated in the 1st Republic Day parade.
- The first copy of the Indian Constitution was handwritten and calligraphed, not printed, in Hindi and English.
- The 1st Republic Day venue was Irwin Stadium, now National Stadium. Rajpath became a permanent feature for the venue from the year 1955.
- On 26 January 1950, Hindi was declared as the official language of India.
Some Other Articles By The Author
- Indian Independence Day Celebrations (2016)
India got freedom from British rule on 15 August 1947. Hindustan as one country was divided into 2 countries, India and Pakistan. Read on to learn about the celebration of Independence day in India...
- Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday | Gandhi Jayanti | Father ...
Mahatma Gandhi famously known as bapu, Gandhiji or Father of the nation, was the architect of India's non violent freedom struggle. To know more about this legendary personality, read on...
- Teachers Day Celebration | Teachers Appreciation Day...
Teachers day in India, is celebrated to honor and thank teachers for their contribution to society , to the field of education and to shaping the character and career of students. To know more, read on...
- Valentines Day - Legends, Significance, Celebration ...
Valentines day is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the world by people in love. Read on to find out Valentines day significance and the celebration of Valentines day in India...
The 66th Republic Day 2015 Ceremony
Patriotic Song - Aye Watan Aye Watan
Patriotic Song - Mere Desh Ki Dharti
© 2016 Rajan Singh Jolly
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on October 02, 2020:
Thank you, Peggy.
Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on October 01, 2020:
Thanks for showcasing all of the festivities that take place when celebrating the Indian Republic Day. I saw President Obama in a 2015 photo when heads of state from other countries were invited. I am sure he was honored to be able to view this in person.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 29, 2016:
I'm glad you like the information on our Republic day celebrations. Thank you, Flourish.
FlourishAnyway from USA on February 27, 2016:
I enjoyed reading this, Rajan, as the holiday seems to be an impressive nation event!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 24, 2016:
Surabhi, thanks for reading and commenting on the hub.
Surabhi Kaura on January 23, 2016:
A most pertinent hub. Thanks for sharing it, Rajan ji.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 22, 2016:
Paul, I haven't been to New Delhi to witness the festivities but have seen them being relayed live on television. Thanks for reading this hub and passing it on.
Paul Richard Kuehn from Udorn City, Thailand on January 20, 2016:
I learned very much about India's Republic Day in this awesome hub accompanied with great photos and videos. Have you ever gone to New Delhi to witness the festivities? I am sharing this with Hubpage followers and on Facebook.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 20, 2016:
@manatita, the legacy is what is appreciated and remembered by the following generations though it is a different matter how this is used to cater to their benefit by politicians.
@Genna, thanks for appreciating the effort.
Genna East from Massachusetts, USA on January 19, 2016:
I agree with Manatitia...your article is richly informative and presented with the dignity and elegance of culture and history that is India. This is beautiful and inspirational.
manatita44 from london on January 19, 2016:
Yes, Rajan. Bhagat Singh is immortal and it does seem that sacrifice is sometimes necessary, or let's say when caught, the tyrannical leaders do what they do best. Same story in Jamaica, Haiti and other Caribbean Islands where slaves created an uprising.
Still, they left us a rich legacy of Spirit.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 19, 2016:
@DDE - thanks for the visit.
@RTalloni - I agree with you. Remaining one with so many cultures within is a feat by itself. Thanks for stopping by.
RTalloni on January 18, 2016:
Thank you for an interesting look at India's Republic Day. The vastness of India, both its land, its history, and its peoples always intrigue me. Being established as a republic has allowed India to make huge progresses in a short time. The battle to remain a republic never ends.
Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on January 18, 2016:
A brilliant approach to this hub. Informative and I had no idea of this day.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 18, 2016:
@ manatita, wonderfully expressed feelings. mother or motherland is one and the same thing and when it's being ruled by others is cause for not only concern but action. This is what the 1st video is about and the film revolves around Bhagat Singh who was hanged during the freedom struggle.
It has been a battle that was fought by peace and as always happens with a lot of people sacrificing everything including their lives.
@Venkatachari M thank you very much. You certainly know how many sacrifices our martyr's have given to liberate our country.
Venkatachari M from Hyderabad, India on January 18, 2016:
Very beautiful presentation of the Republic Day ceremony. The songs chosen are the greatest songs which I like too much for their portrayal of our culture and emotions. Nice work done by you.
manatita44 from london on January 18, 2016:
Yes, Rajan, India's patriotic songs have served to heal, arouse and inspire so many Souls! Spiritual Masters come and bleed for us and Nature. Their lives are a greater sacrifice than their deaths.
So too, your video captures the Spirit of a bleeding, yet loving Mother, embracing Her children with the Joys of Sacrifice and Gratitude. Hari Om!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 17, 2016:
@swalia - thank you.
@manatita - yes, music is very much a part of our culture and we have some beautiful patriotic songs sung, the above being the among the top best. Thanks for visiting, Bro.
manatita44 from london on January 17, 2016:
Beautiful scenes. Powerful celebrations of this Republic Day Celebrations. You've presented the country as strong, both in stateliness and military acumen. Of course the movie industry and music is very much a part of your culture. What a dignified and well-presented Hub!
Shaloo Walia from India on January 17, 2016:
Informative hub and at the appropriate time. Nice selection of patriotic songs!