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How to Cope With Stress

Goodluck has been a content creator for health and psychology for over a year.

Stress


Stress is a feeling of emotional or physical tension. It can come from any event or thoughts that make you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous. Stress is your body's reaction to a demanding situation. Stress is a natural feeling of not been able to cope with specific demands and events. These demands can come from work, school, relationships, financial pressures, and other situations, but anything that poses a real or perceived challenge or threat to a person's well-being can cause stress. Stress can be positive, such as when it helps you avoid danger or meet a deadline. But when stress lasts for a long time, it may harm your health.


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A business woman who is stressed and frustrated.

What are the various types of stress?


Stress can come in different forms. Not all types of stress are harmful or negative. Some of the different types of stress that you might experience include:
Acute stress
This is a short-term stress that usually goes away quickly. Acute stress can be positive or more distressing; this is the kind of stress we often encounter in day-to-day life. You feel it when you slam on a break, or ski down a steep sloop. It helps you manage dangerous situations. It can also occur when you do something new and exciting. Acute stress often develops when people consider the pressure of events that have recently occurred or face upcoming challenges in the near future. For example, you may feel stressed about a recent argument or an upcoming deadline. However, the stress will often disappear when the person resolves the issue or argument. Acute stress is often new and tends to have a clear and immediate solution. Acute stress does not cause the same amount of damage as long-term chronic stress. Short-term effects include headaches, tension, and an upset stomach, as well as a moderate amount of distress. All people have acute stress at one time or another. However, repeated instances of acute stress over an extended period can become chronic and harmful.

Chronic stress
This is a kind of stress that lasts for a long period of time and is more harmful. You may have chronic problems if you have money problems, miscarriage, an unhappy marriage, an extremely taxing job, or chronic stress can also stem from traumatic experiences and childhood trauma.

Chronic stress makes it difficult for the body to return to a normal level of stress hormone activity, which can contribute to problems like sleep, respiratory, immune, reproductive etc. It can increase a person's risk of type 2 diabetes, depression, anxiety, and heart disease. Chronic stress can continue unnoticed as the person can become used to feeling agitated and hopeless. People with chronic stress are at risk of having a final breakdown that can lead to violent action, a heart attack, or suicide.

Causes of stress


There is no identifiable reason why one person may feel less stress than another when facing the same stressor. People react differently to stressful situations. What is stressful for one person may not be stressful for another and almost any events can potentially cause stress. For some people, just thinking about a trigger or several triggers can cause stress.

Some of the things that can commonly trigger or cause stress include:
• Driving in heavy or fear of an accident.
• relationships, marriage, and divorce
• lack of time or money
• illness
• pregnancy and becoming a parent
• excessive noise, pollution, and overcrowding.
• family problems
• job issues or retirement.
Stress can also lead to some unhealthy habits that have a negative impact on your health. For example, many people cope with stress by eating too much or smoking. This unhealthy habits damage the body and create bigger problems in the long-term.

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Effects of stress


Stress can have several impacts on your health and well-being. It can make it more challenging to deal with life's daily hassles, affects your interpersonal relationships and have detrimental effects on your health. Feeling stressed over relationship, money, or situation can create physical health issues. The inverse is also true. Health problems, whether you're dealing with high blood pressure or diabetes, will also affect your stress and mental health. When your brain experiences high degrees of stress, you body reacts accordingly.

Consider seeing your doctor on ways to manage stress if you're experiencing any of these symptoms:
• Regular, severe headache
•feelings of isolation or withdrawal
• prolong periods of poor sleep

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• concentration issues
• forgetfulness
• sudden anger outbursts
• high blood pressure
• lower immunity against disease
• food cravings and eating too much or too little
• stomach upset
• erectile dysfunction (impotent) and loss of libido.

Healthy ways to cope with stress


1) Eat well and limit your intake of alcohol and stimulants.
Alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine may temporarily relieve stress but have negative health impacts and can make stress worse in the long run. Well-nourished bodies cope better, so start with a good breakfast, add more organic fruits and vegetables, avoid processed foods and sugar, and drink water.


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Eating vegetables and fruits can help you cope with stress.

2) Get enough sleep
If you get less than seven to eight hours of sleep, your body won't tolerate sleep as well as it could. If stress keeps you up at night, address the cause and add extra mediation into your day to make up for the loss.

3) Make an effort to exercise on a regular basis.
Moving your body on a regular basis balances the nervous system and increases blood circulation, helping to flush out stress hormones. Even a daily 20-minute walk can make a difference.
4) Priority setting
It may help to spend a little time organizing a daily to-do list and focusing on urgent or time-sensitive tasks. People can then focus on what they have completed or accomplished for the day, rather than the task they are yet to complete.
5) Recognize when you require additional assistance.
If problems continue or you are thinking about suicide, talk to a psychologist, social worker, or professional counselor.


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