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Possible Causes and Remedies of Autism Spectrum Disorder

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The Meaning of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a group of complex disorders that are commonly characterized with difficulty in using language and social interaction. Autistic kids and adults show repetitive or routine and predictable behaviour. This article gives a clear description of autism offering you an in-depth understanding of all aspects evolving around autism. Parents or caregivers need to share with others facing the same problem. These experiences provide a basis for learning on how best to help them cope with the condition. It's a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder which present a challenge to parents and places a huge responsibility to whole family. I encourage those in charge to try their best and enable them to lead equally normal life. If the therapy and life skills are prioritized and done persistently, they yield good results. It' is unfortunate that some families have do little while others neglect children with autism. There is a huge potential that lies untapped in them. They only need you the caregivers to support them and they will realize it. What is seen outside hides the inner value of a child. Today as you read this article, remember that it is possible for any person to achieve anything as long as the right steps are taken with determination.

Possible Causes and Risk Factors

The exact causes of autism are not unknown. However, according to reports from US center for Disease Control and Prevention( CDC) experts suggest that it may occur as a result of genetic predisposition, it is highly possible for it to occur in a family with a previous history. There is no single gene that has been identified as causing autism,in many families there appears to be a pattern of autism if there has been one case in the past.

Risk Factors Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Low birth weigh
  • Infections that affect intellectual developmen
  • Family history of persons who suffered autism
  • Genetic mutation

According to research, exposure to mutagens during pregnancy can lead to this disorder. Studies underscore the need for pre-natal care in order for early signs to be detected. M. Elsabbag, researcher points out to genetics as the strongest factor linked to Autism.

Note that even though expecting women are advised to avoid contact with radiations, mutation is an irreversible change in the gene make up of a person, can occur early before pregnancy or be inherited from a male parent during sexual reproduction. This therefore means that the risk is not only skewed towards women but men are also in danger of being victims of mutation whose outcome is evident in their offerings.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Below are indicators of the Disorder:

1. Struggle with communication

Children with autism find it hard to initiate or join a conversation. They are unable to recognize nonverbal cues such as facial expressions and can hardly respond to a person trying to pass a message to them. In some cases this communication challenges improve with time if caregivers make routine trainings on basic communication skills to enable them to pass a message about their emotions to the person nearby. This way, they can adopt and live a normal life.

2. Hypersensitivity

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An autistic child tends to be extra-sensitive to external stimuli such as colour,smell, sound and taste. They are specific about the kind of food they eat and the outfit they put on. they are consistent about their preferences. Kids who suffer from autism known to resist a slight change to normal routine and overreacting to new situations.

3. Sociability problems

The child has difficulty in uttering words and they spend time alone or with objects they are fond of such as toys. A slow pace of learning and reluctance to play with peers are signs that a child might be Autistic. They prefer to staying alone to forming friends. It is not easy for them to have a straight back and forth conversation.

4. Repetitive behaviour

They display repetitive action such as body movement and nonverbal cues. The child repeats this at a recurrent frequency. Strict adherence to routine behaviour. They can sing a specific part of song repeatedly or nodding their heads for along time and running in circles.

Others

  • Playing in unusual ways such as moving in circles
  • Flapping of hands
  • Not responding to their names
  • Staying alone
  • Getting irritated by minor changes

Diagnosis

There is no specific evaluation of autism. Diagnosis is done by professionals such as occupational therapist, psychologist and language pathologists. It entails questioning the patient with their close relatives such as names of parents and behavioural evaluation.

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Wrap Up

Autistic patients need love. Showing acceptance and treating them with compassion is also a remedy. Unfriendly surroundings derails efforts made to improve symptoms. So let's try and be patient with them and create conducive environment for learning and integration of victims into normal life. Lastly, there are institutions offering support inform of training and identifying their abilities. Get in touch with them.

Reference:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7398158

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