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Depression

Types, causes, symptoms and remedies for Depression

Stress is a common word in people's conversations. You could hear people say "I'm stressed." Life is increasingly becoming complex and everyday to-do list and priority schedules is tough. The pressure is overwhelming and expectations are high. When you are stressed persistently, you need to address it before it escalates and becomes depression. For these reasons, mental health care is key and should not be ignored lest it poses serious psychological trauma and may suddenly be a reason why some relationships aren't working or one has started to indulge in unusual social behaviour. In this article, we explore the types, causes, symptoms and possible remedies for depression.

Types of depression

Factors that induce the mind into depressive state depends of the type of depression.The type of depression is based on number of times it occurs and how persistent it lasts. There are two types of depression :

  1. Dysthymia- it is also referred to as Persistent Depressive Disorder PDD. This form of depression is chronic but mild in nature.
  2. Major Depressive Disorder - This is the most severe form of depression. It's highly persistent and makes the victim feel more worthless and helpless than Dysthymia.

Causes of Depression

  • Physical, sexual and emotional abuse- persons who are abused physically through domestic violence for spouses and kids, peers, bullying in schools or violence of any form are most likely victims of depression. Some psychological and sexual abuse for instance rape leads to low self-esteem and lack of a sense of self worthiness . This eventually induces trauma. Events that causes recurring mental disturbance and that are hard to forget such as physical disability weigh down on individuals for along time. They require therapy and continuous counseling.
  • Loss of loved ones - The longer it takes for one to accept loss of close persons in their lives, the more it is certainly going to cause a series of thoughts and feelings of loneliness which if the bereaved doesn't undertake psychosocial counseling may result into depression.
  • Job redundancy and loss- Individuals who have one source of livelihood and high dependency experience alot of financial pressure and burden on their back. They may quickly become depressed when they lose their jobs or even stay stagnated in one position for a long time. Inflation and high living standards are the major causes of depression in this case. Someone who has lost a job and is homeless as a result, is reduced to square one in his or her life is prone to depression. Job redundancy or stagnation leads to frustration and loss of willingness to work hard. In a situation like this, some of the age mates of a person in this position are most likely to have advanced to high ranks in the same profession or different one. It is advisable not to compare your achievements to other people. This will only bring about stress and drains you as you struggle to attain level terms.
  • Divorce and relationship problems - Many couples who struggle with their relationship issues are reported to be depressed. Divorce is one of the major causes of stress which eventually develops into depression. Break ups and disagreements in relationships may definitely be a reason why one feels sad constantly. The society should be close to friends and family of persons whose relationships have been hit by challenges which are beyond the point of being fixed by internal mechanism. Couples are also advised to seek interventions from family, churches leaders, counselors and friends when things are not working any more.
  • Chronic illness - Nowadays humanity is faced with many different types of terminal illnesses. These includes cancer, HIV/Aids and Tuberculosis. Patients who undergo treatment for along time with minimal signs of cure or consistent pain and stigma plunges them into a state of mental illness which is depression.

Symptoms of Depression

  1. Loss of concentration - Inability to pay attention to the other party in a conversation, giving of weird responses or even delayed response.
  2. Behavioural Change- This is one of the most common symptom shown by depressed people. They start behaving differently. They no longer do their favorite activities or hobbies. Excessive drinking and indulgence in drug abuse.
  3. Suicidal attempt - Is a symptom of highly depressed individuals. Their mind is full of suicidal thoughts, loss of hope and value for life. They are willing to give their life as last resort.
  4. Change of sleep patterns - Victims may sleep too much or experience lack of sleep also called insomnia.
  5. Significant weight gain or loss- sufferers will suddenly lose or gain weight in a short period of time.
  6. Physical pain-This includes headaches, stomach upset and fatigue

Remedies to Depression

There are two major ways for dealing with Depression. However, the most reliable solution is psychosocial counseling provided by a trained medical practitioner. Though food and diatery supplements are also used for treatment of depression, they are not highly recommended and most of them are not approved by the US Food and Drugs Administration , FDA. It's important to follow instructions from a medical counselor and to try avoid triggers of depression.The following self-help remedies are recommended :

  • Regular Exercises. According to statistics, exercising is one of the most effective way of alleviating stress and treating symptoms of depression. You can register at a nearby gym or simply pair with a friend for jogging and doing simple exercises at home. For instance you can try doing short time exercises then advance to long time exercise later. They improve moods and reduce fatigue.
  • Living a healthy lifestyle. Scheduling for fun activities during the day, embracing simple and ease to achieve goals that do not add pressure and strain to realize them.
  • Positivity of Mind. Being optimistic and hopeful in life rather than setting hard lines and rigid negative minds little by little relieves stress. Avoid setting high standards and playing perfect. Start to view failure as away of learning and a stepping stone to greater and better life ahead.
  • Revisit your hobbies. Slowly develop interest again in doing things you love doing. Do not dissociate with them or withdraw and cocoon yourself in loneliness. Going out with a friend for Dinner dates, watching mood uplifting movies, listening to positive vibes and even taking a short walk goes along way to help improve the situation.
  • Schedule your priorities. In a midst of stressful situations, we become confused. We don't know what we want and which one on the list should be taken care of first. Avoid this build up of unnecessary pressure, schedule your priorities in terms of what is needed against what is wanted. Strictly follow your schedule and do not skip one item at the expense of another. However, we should also be flexible in our choices.
  • Do not be too hard on oneself. More often than not we set strict principles. Then we are so harsh and mean to ourselves. That we cannot do this or that because we are men or our family does not engage in this, why are we so rigid? Yet life is dynamic, it our responsibility to change accordingly. This will free us from the bondage of "must do" mentality. It makes the impossible possible and easy the burden we carry on our conscience.

Depression is real. It happens sometimes without our knowledge, denial isn't an answer, it is possible that stress can be too much and when this happens, depression sets in. There's a solution. Do not shy or withdraw, share with a friend, visit a counselor and follow the remedies outlined in this article. Remember that health is wealth. Your mind is the greatest resource that unlocks all potential hidden in you.


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2021 CONSTANT JUMA WANJALA

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