Guava is one of the most delicious fruits available at a reasonable price throughout the year. It is botanically known as Psidium gaujava and locally by different names such as Amrud, Peru, Piyara, Koyya, Sede Pandu etc. Processed products of guava include jams, jellies and nectar. It's leaves are used for tanning and dyeing.
Allahabad Safeda is the most popular variety of the guava cultivated in India. Other common varieties grown by the farmers are ‘Chittidar,’ ‘Sardar,’ ‘Seedless’and ‘Red Fleshed’. Guava is believed to be introduced in India in the seventeen century and tropical America is reported to be the place of origin due to the presence of wild forms. Seeds of the guava fruit contain oil (5-12%) rich in essential fatty acids. Fruits of the guava may be dried to powder form. Beverages are also made from the guava juice and guava pulp.
How much nutritious is guava fruit?
- One of the richest source of vitamin C (212 mg/100 g fruit).
- Ccontains good quantities of vitamins A, copper, folate, and fiber.
- Antioxidants (beta carotene and lycopene), iron, potassium, zinc, and vitamin B are also available.
- Contains fairly large quantities of minerals like phosphorus (20-30 mg/100 g fruit) and calcium ( 20-210 mg/100 g fruit ).
- Seeds are very rich in orange-yellow colored aromatic oil (14%) that contains considerable amounts of iodine.
Guava leaves and bark are used traditionally as a disinfectant and antiseptic for dressing wounds and sores. A decoction of guava leaves is used for relieving tooth-ache and gum boils when used for gargling while flowers of guava are used for treating bronchitis.
The Guava fresh leaf extract (decoction) is used to treat digestive disorders like diarrhea and vomiting whereas application of powdered leaves is believed to have soothing effect in rheumatic pains.
Guava bark is used medically as an astringent and to treat diarrhea in children. The flowers are used to treat bronchitis, eye sores and to cool the body. Various uses of the fruit includes its use as a tonic, laxative. Fruit is also used to prevent and treat scurvy and for the treatment of bleeding gums.
Use of the plant in treating malaria also finds mention in few reports. Guava leaf tea is commonly used as a medicine against gastroenteritis (dysentry) and child diarrhea. Juice of guava leaves provides relief from cold and cough by reducing the formation of mucus.
Top eight health benefits of Guava
- The fruit helps reduce high blood pressure due to presence of potassium in good quantities that reverses the effects of sodium and increase the good cholesterol.
- Copper found in appreciable quantities is regarded useful in promoting thyroid functions and regulation of hormones.
- Consumption of guava is considered helpful for diabetics due to fibrous nature of its fruit. It slows down the sugar absorption and lowers the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
- Consumption of guava fruit helps people suffering from constipation. There are reports related to use of guava fruit as a home remedy by individuals experiencing chronic digestion problems.
- The guava leaf extract is effective in treating gastrointestinal due to the presence of quercetin and other flavonoids. The bark extract protects the heart and improve its functionality. It is also used to treat acne and painful menses.
- Guava is considered useful for eyes due to richness in vitamin A, good for nourishment of skin because of availability of vitamin E, antioxidants etc. and helpful in skin protection since guava is rich in vitamin C.
- Presence of vitamins of B groups (B3 & B6) makes the guava fruit very useful for optimization and stimulation of brain and nerve function.
- Guava is believed to reduce risk of cancer due to richness in vitamin C.
© 2009 C V Singh
madvi on September 05, 2011:
didn't know guava has such great properties. thanks o lot for the useful information.
C V Singh (author) from India on August 31, 2011:
thanks daryll & jade for encouraging to write
jade on August 29, 2011:
thank u so much ! very informative
daryll on December 11, 2010:
very interesting article!! its nice! thanks a lot!!
C V Singh (author) from India on September 13, 2010:
Very purpose of this article to make people aware of guava's nutritional & medicinal properties. Your help in this regard is welcome.
Marlene on September 08, 2010:
Never knew guava was so good and we have it Guyana, SOuth America and people are not using it as they should. Will share this information to all my colleagues.
C V Singh (author) from India on August 06, 2010:
Thanks Amaka and tracy. Please read other hubs also.
tracy on July 28, 2010:
its so good
Amaka on May 16, 2010:
thanks for the information