Cynthia has a degree in History and Business Economics. She loves archaeology and would happily spend every holiday exploring ancient sites
What Are Corns and Foot Calluses
Do you suffer from corns or foot calluses? There is an old saying ‘stand on your own two feet’, but considering how important our feet are to us, do we give our feet the care and attention that they need and deserve?
It is estimated that an average person walks around 65,000 miles in a lifetime, so that can add up to a lot of wear and tear on our feet. One of the more common problems that people experience on their feet is that of calluses and corns.
Corns and calluses are basically thickenings of the skin on the foot, and, if left untreated, can become very painful. Foot calluses are caused by friction on the skin, and this friction is often caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes or shoes that are too tight.
You may find yourself more prone to calluses and corns if you have prominent, bony toes, or any form of toe or foot deformity, or thin skin that enables the skin to rub more easily when you are wearing shoes. Corns and calluses, although both are thickenings of the skin, are slightly different skin conditions on your feet.
Corns and Foot Calluses
Corns are small, round areas of skin that have thickened due to the friction and pressure on that area of the skin on the foot. As corns press into the deeper layers of skin, they can become very painful. There are two types of corn that are commonly found on the feet, hard corns and soft corns.
Hard corns are typically caused by ill-fitting shoes and usually occur as a horny thickening of the skin on the tops of the smaller toes or the outside edge of the little toe. Soft corns are usually formed between the toes, and they become soft and remain soft because the sweating that occurs between the toes keeps them damp all the time.
A foot callus is a much larger area of hardened skin on the foot than a corn and usually does not have such distinct edges as a corn. Calluses usually form on the soles of the feet, and the area just underneath the toes is the most common part of the sole to become callused. This is because it is this area of your sole that takes a lot of your weight while you are walking. Foot calluses are not normally painful, but can become sore and even unsightly if they are not pared back.
Treatments for Calluses and Corns
Corns and calluses can be successfully treated by a podiatrist. They can pare away the calluses and corns, which relieves the pressure on the underlying skin and eases the pain. More than one session may be needed, but your corns and calluses are less likely to return if you start wearing correctly fitting footwear.
Your podiatrist can give you good advice on the best type of shoes to wear, and whether or not insoles or padding in your shoes would be suitable for you and help to prevent a recurrence of the calluses or corns.
You should always leave the cutting of corns to the expert attention of your podiatrist, but if you suspect that the callus on your foot is beginning to recur there are things that you can do at home to treat them. However, if you are elderly, suffer from diabetes or circulatory disease or are at all concerned about the health of your feet, you should see your podiatrist and have your foot calluses treated by a medical health professional.
How To Remove Foot Calluses
Removing Foot Calluses at Home
There are several ways that you can remove foot calluses at home and you can easily and conveniently buy everything that you need for callus removal online. Amazon has a large range of callus removal products to choose from, ranging from liquid callus removers, to foot softening lotions, manual callus removers and foot rasps, and electric callus removers.
One of the simplest treatments for the removal of foot calluses at home is to soak your feet for around twenty minutes in warm water to soften the thickened skin, and then a pumice stone, foot rasp or callus remover can be used to gently scrap the hard skin away. After you have removed the hardened skin, smooth in a rich foot cream to keep the skin of your feet soft and supple.
If you find that manual scraping and filing of the calluses on your feet is hard work or not particularly effective for you, you could invest in an electric callus remover. Electric callus removers swiftly abrade the hardened skin on your feet using a rotational movement, and take away the need for lengthy manual scraping.
Corn and Callus Removal Liquids and Pads
You can also buy corn and callus removal liquids and pads. These callus removal preparations contain salicylic acid, which works by breaking down keratin, which is part of the structure of the skin. This removes the thickened, unhealthy skin of your corn or callus over a period of time, hopefully leaving smooth healthy skin beneath it. The liquid corn or callus removers need to be applied to the affected area of your foot twice a day until all of the corn or hardened skin has gone.
Be warned, this can take up to twelve weeks to get rid of all the thickened skin. These liquid corn and callus removers should never be used on broken or inflamed skin, and because they have a drying effect on the skin you need to ensure that you do not develop cracked skin which then may go on and become infected. Liquid callus and corn removers should not be used by people suffering from diabetes, circulatory problems or who are allergic to aspirin or any NSAIDs.
Corns and foot calluses can cause distress and even pain if left untreated. They can be treated and removed professionally by a podiatrist, and foot calluses can also successfully be treated at home. Everything that you need for removing calluses and corns online can be easily bought online.
However, all of the corn and callus treatments will only treat the symptoms of the callus or corn and not deal with what caused them to appear in the first place. So if you have concerns about the health of your feet, especially regarding corns and calluses, visit your podiatrist for some professional help and treatment, get some advice and help in buying shoes that fit properly and always ensure that your feet are kept clean, dry and well moisturised to keep the skin of your feet smooth and supple. Happy walking!
Images by Andrew Bossi licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5
Disclaimer: Please be aware that any information given in this article should in no way be used to replace advice given to you by your medical practitioner. Anybody suffering from a medical condition or who is at all concerned should always consult their podiatrist or doctor before treating foot calluses at home. Anyone who is elderly, suffering from diabetes or circulatory problems should always have their feet cared for by a podiatrist or medical practitioner.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2010 CMHypno
CMHypno (author) from Other Side of the Sun on April 13, 2015:
Thank you Gek and glad you found the information useful
Geof Awunyo from London on March 28, 2015:
Its very useful info so I will say great job done
CMHypno (author) from Other Side of the Sun on May 05, 2010:
Glad that you got some good information on corns and calluses from the Hub, terrowhite. Thanks for the read and the great comment.
terrowhite on May 05, 2010:
Thanks for sharing the great information on corn and its treatment.. I have few members in my family who are suffering from corn disease and it was bit difficult to analyze the problem in starting... It is always good to know about the disease in prior thanks for sharing it with everyone..
CMHypno (author) from Other Side of the Sun on April 29, 2010:
Sorry that you have a painful corn Nell, and I hope that it clears up soon. Maybe you should visit your podiatrist or doctor if it is still painful in a few days? Glad you enjoyed reading about corns and calluses and thanks for the great comment
Nell Rose from England on April 28, 2010:
Hi, this is really funny! I have been hobbling about for a few days now, and now I know it is a corn! it is driving me mad, I bought some of those little ring patches that you put on the corn, I just hoped that I was getting the right thing, but it still hurts. Thanks for the info. Nell
CMHypno (author) from Other Side of the Sun on April 27, 2010:
Glad that you found the information on corns and foot calluses helpful, Hello,hello. Thanks for the read and the comment.
CMHypno (author) from Other Side of the Sun on April 27, 2010:
Thanks for the great comment and rate up Nellie, glad that you feel that your feet are much better from using your Homedics Pedicure Tool. I've just liberated my feet from my winter socks and realise that I have work to do on them!
Hello, hello, from London, UK on April 27, 2010:
Thank you for such helpful information. I haven't got all that jet but will remember and then know what to do .
Nelle Hoxie on April 27, 2010:
I have a Homedics Pedicure Tool and love it. I use it about once a month and my feet look and feel great. But I've found wearing comfortable and well-fitting shoes to be the best way to prvent calluses. Good info. Hub Rated Up!