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Alcohol and Pregnancy


The general population believes that women should not drink alcohol since they still have to give birth - the number of eggs in a woman's body is unlimited. Men, on the other hand, can drink since their sperm is continually replenished. In reality, it's not that straightforward.

The influence of alcohol on fertility

There are several variables that influence fertility. However, there are several factors that influence fertility and infertility that we can influence.

In many countries, medical organizations do not recommend drinking alcohol at all during pregnancy planning.

According to Ryan Martin, a reproductive endocrinologist at Shady Grove Fertility in Pennsylvania, excessive alcohol usage in women might induce alterations in cycle regularity and ovulation. According to certain research, excessive alcohol use might also result in a reduction in ovarian reserve.

Alcohol use on a regular basis has a comparable effect on male fertility. Hormones that stimulate testosterone and sperm production have been found to be lower in several studies.

Even if you've drunk a lot in the past, you shouldn't be alarmed. In theory, it might contribute to infertility, according to Martin, but this hasn't happened with his patients.

Recent studies gave very interesting results

There is evidence that alcohol consumption interferes with a woman's capacity to conceive. In Denmark, investigators included 6,120 women between the ages of 21 and 45 who were intentionally attempting to conceive but were not getting any fertility-boosting treatment.

They were instructed to keep track of how much they drank. It was discovered that consuming fewer than 14 servings of alcohol per week (less than 168 grams of ethyl alcohol) had no influence on fertility. At this dosage, the likelihood of pregnancy decreased by 18%, implying that one out of every five women failed to conceive.

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Drink or not to drink

Women who consume one to two units of alcohol per day during the first three months of pregnancy have a twice as high risk of miscarriage in the second trimester as non-drinkers. Miscarriages at an early stage of pregnancy are frequently caused by various genetic abnormalities and developmental disorders, some of which may be caused by alcohol.

Because of the disturbance of the liver, which is involved in the synthesis of several hormones, including estrogen and progesterone, long-term usage makes it difficult to conceive. It is also important to consider the following often linked variables with alcohol abuse: bad nutrition, excess weight, lack of exercise, and the existence of sexually transmitted illnesses.

  • In most circumstances, a mother's use of alcohol prior to conception and during the first week following conception has no effect on the health of her unborn child.
  • Even a tiny quantity of alcohol ingested by a woman after pregnancy (from the moment the fertilized egg reaches the mucous membrane of the uterus) can be deadly to her unborn child. The hazardous dosage of alcohol varies depending on the situation.
  • Alcohol consumption by a man 2-3 months before conception and on the day of conception has a catastrophic effect on his offspring's physical and, notably, mental health.


Moderation in alcohol intake (for both parents) is crucial in pregnancy planning, as is moderation in other aspects of health, but there is no scientific foundation for a total prohibition.

Trying to get pregnant may take months, and going without a single glass of beer would be too depressing.

As you are aware, it is preferable to begin planning for pregnancy as early as possible. After all, in the absence of sickness, a healthy lifestyle for the parents, and the least amount of detrimental effects, it is feasible to conceive and bear a healthy baby while avoiding unfavorable pregnancy problems to the greatest extent possible.

The future kid receives half of its DNA from the mother and half from the father at the time of conception. As a result, it is important to prepare for such a significant event as a child's birth as a family.

This content is for informational purposes only and does not substitute for formal and individualized diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed medical professional. Do not stop or alter your current course of treatment. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

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