Spring is the Season
Spring is the season of hope when all things that have withered during the winter come to life. Paradoxically, however, spring is also the time when the number of suicides is highest. According to the composition ratio of the number of suicides by month in 2014, it was confirmed that the number of suicides was highest in March (10.8%), April (9.8%), and May (9.2%), which correspond to spring.
There are many opinions that this is influenced by the change of the season, when the temperature rises and the amount of sunlight increases. Changes in temperature and sunlight affect the brain's biological clock, which causes hormonal imbalances, leading to mood swings, and severe depression, leading to suicide. Depression and suicide are closely related, as studies show that 80% of suicides suffer from depression.
Depression is More Dangerous for Women Over 40.
Depression has more than double the number of women compared to men and the highest proportion of women over 40.
Depression is a mental illness that causes a feeling of depression and decreased motivation due to various causes. Depression can also be a sign of loss of interest or joy in daily life, feelings of insignificance, or restlessness with anxiety. Depression is more common in women. According to a survey, when comparing the number of people treated for depression by gender over the past five years, the number of women treated for depression was about 2.2 times higher than that of men.
In particular, women in their 40s and older accounted for 53.5% of the total, or more than half of the total number of patients. A sense of emptiness due to independence may be the cause.
Hormonal changes are also a factor. The attitude of putting up with it and thinking it's my fault can make depression worse.
Why They Are Depressed And Symptoms
Women are more sensitive to hormonal changes than men, which can also affect the development of depression. Considering a woman's life cycle, the risk of depression also increases during the secondary sexual genitalia, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause, when hormonal changes occur rapidly. Another reason that women are more vulnerable to depression is considered to have a large psychosocial influence. Although it is called a gender-equal society, it is still considered a virtue for women to sacrifice and endure for the sake of their families, so repressed emotions can be expressed as depressive symptoms.
Depression is like a cold of the mind that can occur to anyone, but when the symptoms worsen, it progresses to a depressive disorder, and there is a risk that symptoms such as delusions of harm, relationship delusions, and auditory hallucinations are accompanied. Therefore, if the depressed mood continues and is accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, decreased interest, weight gain, sleep changes, sense of worthlessness, poor concentration, restlessness, etc., it is recommended to seek a diagnosis through professional counseling.
Depression treatment is broadly divided into medications, counseling, and other treatments such as phototherapy. Counseling therapy is generally a cognitive behavioral therapy that allows you to acknowledge your condition and correct it so that you can think rationally. Phototherapy, which includes exposure to strong light for a certain amount of time each day, is also helpful. In moderate or more severe cases, medication may be administered. You should not stop taking the drug arbitrarily because it takes at least 2 weeks for the effect to start to appear, and it needs to be maintained for 5-6 months to prevent recurrence.
Lifestyle Tips to Help Prevent Depression:
1. Maintain a regular lifestyle.
It is important to lead a regular life because it is easy to feel lethargic when the rhythm of life is broken.
2. Eat foods that are good for melatonin and serotonin production.
Foods such as brown rice and soy rich in vitamin B and C, tryto Phan, and soy affect the production of melatonin and serotonin, helping to prevent depression.
3. Do outdoor activities that get enough sunlight.
Sunlight stimulates the secretion of the happy hormone serotonin. It is recommended to do outdoor activities such as light walks or jogging for at least 30 minutes a day.
4. I get along actively with people.
Avoiding relationships with people can increase negative views about yourself, those around you, and the future. Maintaining positive relationships with people can help you overcome depression.