What is alopecia areata, and how does it affect you?
Losing one's hair, whether due to disease or male pattern baldness, may be a distressing experience for many people.
Alopecia is the medical name for baldness, and it refers to all types of hair loss, including temporary and permanent hair loss.
What is alopecia areata, and how does it affect you?
Men and women are equally affected by this illness, which creates patches of baldness the size of a huge coin.
Alopecia areata can affect anyone at any age, however it is more common in teenagers and children.
At least half of those who have the disorder experience their first bald spot before they reach the age of 21.
They are most commonly found on the scalp, but they can appear elsewhere on the body.
Hair will regrow in most cases of alopecia areata in a few months to a year.
Many factors can contribute to this, including iron deficiency, auto-immune disorders, and even stress.
Hair may come back fine and white at first, but it should thicken and return to its original colour over time.
Postpartum alopecia can be triggered by birth in both men and women.
Some people progress to a more severe kind of hair loss, in which they completely lose their hair.
Alopecia totalis (no hair on the scalp) and alopecia universalis are two terms for the same problem (no hair on the scalp and body).
Alopecia areata is a type of alopecia that is caused by an immune system problem and is more likely in patients who have an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), diabetes, or Down's syndrome.
What are the different types of alopecia?
There are numerous different forms of alopecia that can affect people, in addition to alopecia areata.
Pattern hair loss is the most frequent type of alopecia, which affects both men and women.
Pattern hair loss is known medically as alopecia, but many people are unaware that it is a type of alopecia.
Males with this condition usually notice a receding hairline as their hair thins and falls out, beginning around the temples.
It can appear to women as thinning hair all over the head.
This is a normal component of growing older and should not be viewed as a cause for alarm.
Around half of all men over the age of 50 suffer from hair loss, whereas half of all women over the age of 65 suffer from androgenetic alopecia.
Because this is permanent damage, your hair will not regrow, however the process can be slowed.
Even when the cause is the similar, alopecia can present in a variety of ways.
Scarring alopecia refers to a category of alopecias that manifest themselves in various ways on the head.
Inflammation, infection, burns, and auto immune illnesses can all cause this sort of hair loss.
Because the hair follicle is destroyed and replaced with scar tissue, the hair is unable to recover.
This can form in patches around the front, back, and sides in some cases (known as frontal fibrosing alopecia) and across the front of the head in others (known as frontal fibrosing alopecia) (lichen planopilaris).
Other people may notice that their hair starts to fall out at the top of their head and spreads out from there, a condition known as central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia.
Alopecia was caused by chemotherapy
This kind of alopecia, also known as anagen effluvium, is caused by chemotherapy patients.
It is a chemotherapeutic medication side effect that is often one of the more apparent side affects of treatment.
This is most commonly linked to cancer treatment, however it is not confined to cancer patients.
Alopecia can cause hair loss all throughout the body, thus some people lose their brow hair and eyelashes during this time.
You may experience moderate hair thinning to full baldness, depending on your dosage.
Telogen effluvium is a type of telogen effluvium that
When your hairs enter a resting period and shed, this is a less predictable type of hair loss.
It's a natural process, but if more hair enters this phase than usual, it might lead to thinning and balding.
Many people's alopecia is brought on by a physical or psychological incident, and it can resolve on its own.
Alopecia due to traction
This alopecia occurs when hair has been pulled in a specific way for a lengthy period of time.
Traction alopecia is caused by tight hairstyles like ponytails or the use of extensions often.
When hair loss is first noticed, it can be addressed, but repeated tugging can cause irreversible follicle damage.
As soon as the hair begins to thin, stop utilising tight hairstyles and let it to grow back.
Alopecia is a psychiatric disease in which you have an uncontrollable urge to pluck off your own hair.
The scalp, brows, and eyelashes are frequently targeted.
Hair follicles are destroyed and cease developing after repeated plucking, which is why overplucking your brows prevents them from growing back.
Causes of hair loss
• An illness
• Cancer treatment
• Weight loss
• Iron deficiency
What are the options for alopecia treatments?
Treatment is not required for the most frequent types of hair loss, such as male and female pattern baldness, because it is a natural part of ageing.
However, there are treatments that can be investigated, and anyone who is concerned should consult their doctor.
Hair transplants are a frequent therapy for baldness, with costs ranging from £1,000 to £30,000 in the UK.
Because this is considered cosmetic surgery, it is not covered by the National Health Service.
Alopecia areata is commonly treated with steroid injections, however a steroid cream, gel, or ointment can also be used.
To stimulate growth, inject or apply directly to the bald spot.
Finasteride and minoxidil are the two medications now available to treat pattern baldness.
Women should only use minoxidil, which is not available on the NHS.
For brow hair loss, many people are turning to tattooing; these thin lines can instantly make a hairline or brow look fuller.
Alopecia can also be treated with light therapy and scalp reduction surgery.
Because these treatments might be costly, it is often more cost effective to use wigs.
Which celebrities have had their hair fall out due to alopecia?
Many celebrities have revealed they suffer from alopecia over the years, but it is usually more obvious in women.
This isn't usually news because 50% of males will be bald by the age of 50.
However, because of the emphasis on female hair, it is more probable that when women lose their hair, it will be commented on.
Alopecia can occur when actors colour or bleach their hair for long periods of time owing to their roles.