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Health of Donbas Miners:Out and In-Mine Environments

Nicolas studies health in holistic manner. He is interested in the unity of health and environmental factors for understanding it

Miners of Donbas



Work of Miners Is Labor

In any sphere of human activities the conditions of work are not as dangerous as in the mining industry.

  • Just here, in-mine environments, the greatest number of non-favorable productive factors against man is concentrated. There are over 200 phenomena; among them it considers 18 as main ones. Miners of Donbas work without day light and fresh air, in compressed working space, in the highly explosive environment, and at the great depths. To add, they risk being crushed under tons of mined rock. Shredding of coal while excavating, mechanical loading of it and solids raise the significant dustiness of air.

Miner's Helper

One of miners

One of miners


Shocked Work

  • Every year in the former Soviet Union there were days and decades of shocked work in the honor of important political events and famous dates. At the end of each month the days of increased mining were passed. Above all, our puts in mining industry were biggest among other industries. As a result such combination of heavy natural environments and working factors lead to that the men, came to this branch, became exhausted, and lost their health fast.
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The Work of Miner

Main Factors

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. How many milligrams per square meters did dustiness reach at the mine Pershotravneva?
    • 340-380 mlg per square meter
    • 380-400 mlg per square meter
  2. What professional disease was composing 44% from the total number?
    • Bronchitis
    • Pneumococcus
  3. What are main factors of hard conditions?
    • Vibration and noise, lack of oxygen, rides of pressure
    • Lack of oxygen
    • Rides of pressure

Answer Key

  1. 340-380 mlg per square meter
  2. Pneumococcus
  3. Vibration and noise, lack of oxygen, rides of pressure

Influence of the Out-mine and In-mine Environments on the Health of Miners

Out mines' environmentsIn mines' environmentsDiseases of miners

Military conflicts

Lack of oxygen


Air pollution

Rides of pressure

Dust bronchitis

Water Pollution

Vibration and noise


Acid rains

Exhausted heat


Urban noise

Mine's gases

Alkohol addiction

Unsuccessful social policy




What to do?

At the end of the twentieth century, with the depletion of the most available reserves and the introduction of environmentally friendly technologies, coal began to lose its once decisive role. Oil and gas became the dominant fuel and raw material resources. Now all types of fossil fuels are being actively replaced by renewable energy sources. In the UK, this was done through forced restructuring and privatization of the coal sector, which provoked great social resistance. A large number of miners joined the ranks of the unemployed. In contrast, over time, the developed economy and market conditions allowed former miners to find new jobs and adapt quickly. The economy was relieved of the burden of the declining coal industry. Former coal-mining areas have been rehabilitated, industrial zones have been turned into city parks, and mines are increasingly associated with the past, which place is in the museum.


Kochura I.V. (2018). The analysis of the economic potential development of the Donbass coal industry in the current economic conditions 200 UDK 622.33 (477.62) ISSN 2519–2019 Vestnik Instituta Ekonomicheskih issledovaniy. 2018, № 4(12)

Triandis & Suh, (2002); Harry C. Triandis and Eunkook M. Suh.(2002). Cultural Influences on personality.

Miners of Donbas and Dangerous Environments of Work

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