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What’s in My Food: Starburst Ingredients Explained


It's one thing to read the ingredient list on your food label and another to understand what you're reading.

In this article, I identify and define each ingredient in Starbursts and explain any known side effects on health.

Like all science, food science is a work in progress, and there is wide debate about many of these ingredients and what they do to our bodies. Do your own research to learn more about what various sides are saying. Knowledge is power.

Starburst Original Ingredients Are:

  • Corn syrup
  • Sugar
  • Hydrogenated palm kernel oil and/or palm oil
  • Fruit juice from concentrate (apple, lemon, strawberry, orange, and cherry)
  • Less than 2%: Citric acid, tapioca dextrin, gelatin, food starch-modified, natural and artificial flavors, ascorbic acid (vitamin c), and coloring (red 40, yellow 5, yellow 6, and blue 1)

Note: There are many different kinds and flavors of Starburst, and the formulas may also vary by region and country. Many of the ingredients overlap, but not all. Always check the ingredient label of the candy that you are purchasing for the most recent ingredient list. When in doubt, call Wrigley (makers of Starburst) to get the most up-to-date ingredients.

1. Corn Syrup

What it is: A sweet syrup made from corn starch that's been treated with acid or enzymes.

Health effects: May cause allergic reactions.

2. Sugar

What it is: A sweetening additive made mainly from sugar cane and sugar beet.

Health effects: Safe if eaten in small amounts, but consumption of large amounts over time has been linked to tooth decay, periodontal disease, obesity, hyperactivity, B vitamin deficiencies, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.

3. Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil and/or Palm Oil

What it is: Polyunsaturated vegetable oil that has been partially converted to saturated oil in order to create a solid or semi-solid substance, making it a trans fat. Its use banned in restaurants across the USA.

Health effects: It has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease, colon cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, liver dysfunction, and infertility in women.

4. Citric Acid

What it is: A weak organic acid used as a flavoring agent and preservative. It is extracted from citrus fruits or made by fermentation of yeast or mold. It may contain MSG or be genetically modified.

Health effects: It may provoke symptoms in people who are MSG-sensitive.

5. Dextrin

What it is: A thickener and foam stabilizer made from wheat or corn starch.

Health effects: May cause allergic reaction in some people. Should be avoided by those with celiac disease.


6. Gelatin

What it is: A substance made from the boiled skin, tendons, ligaments, and bones of hoofed animals, such as cows and pigs. A food thickener, it absorbs five to ten times its weight in water. It may contain MSG and sulfur dioxide.

Health effects: It may provoke symptoms in the MSG-sensitive.

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7. Food Starch-modified

What it is: A thickening agent also known as modified food starch. It is starch that has been chemically altered for specific food applications. It also may be genetically modified.

Chemicals used for modification include, but are not limited to:

  • Propylene oxide — A petroleum derivative
  • Hydrochloric acid — A corrosive used to remove rust
  • Succinic anhydride — Used in paper production to strengthen paper
  • Potassium hydroxide — Used to make alkaline batteries
  • Sodium hydroxide — Chemical base used to make detergents, paper, and drain cleaners

Health effects: Modified corn starch is frequently used in baby foods, and safety concerns have arisen due to the use of these various chemicals, especially since babies are still developing and have little resistance to foreign agents. More testing is required to understand its effect on human health.

8. Natural Flavors

What it is: Any flavor not chemically-derived. Natural flavors are obtained by physical processes from plants or animals and provide flavor to a food rather than nutritional value. They may contain MSG.

Health effects: Unknown. Different foods use different natural flavors and processes. Naturally-derived ingredients may be altered or rendered unsafe. It should be noted that the use of the word “natural” is often used to mask the use of harmful substances that are technically naturally-derived.

9. Artificial Flavors

What it is: A synthetic mixture not found in nature, designed to mimic a natural flavor. May contain MSG. Over 1,700 artificial flavors are approved by the FDA.

Health effects: Unknown. Companies are not required to identify the various synthetic mixtures used in foods, and are only required to list them under the umbrella of “artificial flavors." Some individuals are sensitive to artificial flavors and experience headaches, nausea, and drowsiness, among other symptoms.

A short list of some artificial flavors: Benzyl isobutyrate, ethyl acetate, ethyl methylphenylglycidate (petroleum derivative), methyl benzoate (petroleum derivative), hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone. An artificial flavor may be made up of any number of synthetic chemicals.

10. Ascorbic Acid

What it is: Vitamin C. A water-soluble preservative and antioxidant. It may be chemically synthesized.

Health effects: Considered safe.


11. Red 40

What it is: A coal tar-derived artificial food coloring that is also known as Allura Red AC, E129

Health effects: A suspected carcinogen that has been linked to hyperactivity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and lower IQs in children. Some scientists question its safety since all the tests were conducted by the manufacturer instead of the FDA.

12. Yellow 6

What it is: A coal tar-derived artificial food coloring also known as Sunset Yellow FCF, E110

Health effects: Known to cause allergic reactions and hyperactivity in children. Caution is advised in people who aspirin-sensitive.

13. Yellow 5

What it is: A coal tar-derived artificial food coloring also known also as Tartrazine, E102

Health effects: Has been linked to thyroid tumors, chromosomal damage, asthma attacks, hives and hyperactivity. When ingested, some aspirin-sensitive patients have been reported to develop life-threatening asthmatic symptoms.

14. Blue 1

What it is: A coal tar-derived food coloring that is also known also as Brilliant Blue FCF, E133

Health effects: Produces malignant tumors at the site of injection and by ingestion in rats. Possible effects include asthma, hives, hay fever, low blood pressure, and allergic reactions. Caution is advised for people who are aspirin-sensitive.

According to an article from the Vegetarian Resource Group, as of 2010, Starbursts sold in the USA contain non-Kosher beef-derived gelatin and are not vegan, kosher, or halal. Wrigley's GummiBursts sold in the USA contain non-Kosher pork-derived gelatin.

Starbursts sold in the UK are vegan and say "suitable for vegans." They also do not contain any artificial colors or flavors.

Now you know the facts. You know what you are consuming, and can make an informed decision.


jeff on August 26, 2017:

starburst can cause you cancer if you eat alot and other kind of candies, so stay healthy! and don't eat starburst.....;)

maryn on November 19, 2015:

i think this is really useful information

Gandharv on June 11, 2015:

Errrr, there is a mistake . Food colour Blue 1 is not brilliant blue, it is indigo carmine.

Anyways, ty for the information.

Laruch on April 21, 2015:

Perhaps seeing what these ingredients can do, we may better understand the destruction of the healthy human body and, why so many "new" health issues have been surfacing in the past 30 years or so.

kashandra Mayfield on November 04, 2014:

Today 11-04 -14 I bought some starburst and when I got down to the last one I found a piece of teeth in my candy

Janey Hood from UK on November 05, 2013:

More of this please! This stuff should be taught in schools.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 02, 2013:

Devil's Advocate

Its basically flavored plastic dude. There are other, more food like substances out there to keep your taste buds happy.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 02, 2013:


I can only show you the door hammygal. At least now you are making an informed decision every time you eat this candy.

Devil's Advocate on May 21, 2013:

...absolutely nothing beneficial in the product. What about the sweet sweet joy it brings to my taste buds

babyfat123 on April 15, 2013:

mom i know you wrote this about me

bigchuck4.0 on April 11, 2013:

starburst is the reason my mom made me move out, its like crack it makes you crazy. bananana.I don't even remember typing bananana, so theres that. don't do starburst kids, don't.

hammysgal143 on April 08, 2013:

this has opened my eyes. but i, still gunna eat startburst oops it good

D-Man on March 21, 2013:

it's not halal or kosher, it's not vegan... lol it's not food! I'd like to see someone do a Supersize Me type experiment with candy. Ugh, I can only imagine...

Thanks for this informative article.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 19, 2012:


Starburst Icy Burst isn't carried in my area, I don't have access to its ingredients list.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 19, 2012:


You won't drop dead from eating a few, but you simply need to look at the ingredients to realize that there is absolutely nothing beneficial in the product. Just about every ingredient has negative health effects.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 19, 2012:


Unless it's labeled otherwise, I wouldn't bet on any mass produced candy being Halal

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 19, 2012:


Gelatin is most commonly derived from pig and cattle. It can often be a mixture of both. Only the folks at Starburst really know if there is pig in their product.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on June 19, 2012:


The thing with artificial and natural flavors is that they are usually trade secrets so companies aren't required to explain them. They are usually put together by flavorists, often using more than a hundred separate compounds derived from animals, plants, or synthetics (petroleum).

Another reason why I don't trust companies that don't list all their ingredients and hide behind trade secret protections. I like to know what I'm eating.

Laura on May 09, 2012:

Holy moly this is a great site!! Thanks so much! I was going to make a Starburst bracelet with my daughter but I am vegan... no way am I buying any Starburst now and I am going to be visiting YOU much more often... thanks a bunch!!

Befour on April 28, 2012:

What about the added ingredients in Starbursts Icy Bursts?

Abbie on March 09, 2012:

Starbursts won't kill you. Everything in them is Generally Regarded as Safe.

mohammed on March 05, 2012:

is it halal?

rickrod on January 02, 2012:

I ate quite a few of these poisonous Starburts before reading up on them and had such a nightmare of a time trying to get to where I can relax. Totally achey and miserable. I cannot believe they are allowing these poisons to go into our kids. Apparently MSG is a huge cause of ADD and ADHD as well as Diabetes.... Unbelievable!!!!!

Jay on December 27, 2011:

Is there pork products in starburst?

c xyuihsdygb on December 04, 2011:

I don't know and i dont care

Umwakeel. on December 02, 2011:

Great article, thank you for the effort.

A question tho, while the companies list (artificial flavors & natural flavors) how do we find out what exactly they are, i.e. if they were made of something harmful or made of any animal products?

Thank you.

KimberlyAnn26 on February 10, 2011:

Great Hub. I never knew about the citric acid. Thanks for the info!

Proud Mama on January 17, 2011:

Here's some data for you. Artificial colors have everything the author states and more - including lead, mercury, and arsenic.

The Smiling Man (author) from USA on January 04, 2011:

The facts are easy enough to confirm. Google is your friend. Thanks.

Emily T. on January 04, 2011:

I would have like to have seen some references but still a pretty good article nonetheless.

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