If they cannot control your blood sugar effectively, you may need insulin treatment. Sulfonylurea increases the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) because it increases the amount of insulin in the body. A mild hypoglycemia can make you shaky, weak and hungry, but you can control it by eating or drinking something sweet.
When the pancreas produces more insulin, the glucose disappears and the cells become depleted at work. Due to insulin resistance your body is no longer able to respond to insulin, so it can no longer absorb the sugar in the food that you eat and use it as energy.
Regular checkups and screenings with your doctor can help you keep your blood sugar in check. People with Type 2 diabetes can stay healthy and receive treatment for diabetes problems with regular checks with a doctor and other people on their diabetes health team.
Monitoring blood sugar levels and moderate glucose intake can help people avoid the harmful complications of type 2 diabetes. You can take measures to control your diabetes and try to prevent health problems. Lifestyle changes, such as a diet change or more exercise can help control your blood sugar levels but in the long run may not be enough.
Diabetes has also been linked to other health problems, such as sleep apnea, depression, some cancers and dementia. A good diabetes care plan can help prevent many diabetes-related health problems. If you are able to control your diabetes with a healthy diet and activity, your doctor may prescribe insulin or other oral diabetes medications or injectable drugs to control blood sugar and avoid complications.
These factors increase the risk of diabetes, as do risk factors for other serious chronic diseases. Controlling diabetes by controlling blood sugar can reduce the risk of complications from coexisting diseases and comorbidities. Different types of diabetes can occur, and how to deal with them depends on the type.
In type 1 diabetes the immune system destroys the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, resulting in a complete inability to produce insulin in the body. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, which can be linked to genetics or lifestyle choices. It is a lifelong disease that prevents your body from using insulin the way it should.
Insulin is a hormone that stimulates cells to absorb glucose from the blood in order to use it as energy. Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic disease that occurs when the body produces not enough insulin or when insulin does not function correctly, which is known as insulin resistance. In this case, the cells do not instruct the insulin to absorb the glucose in the blood, which means that the blood sugar level rises, which some call hyperglycemia.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and accounts for about 90% of all diabetes cases. It is usually diagnosed in older adults, but also in children, adolescents and young adults due to rising obesity, lack of exercise and poor nutrition. Typically, individuals develop type 2 diabetes before the age of 40, although people of South Asian origin are at increased risk for it and can develop diabetes at the age of 25.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, in which the body does not respond well to insulin. When insulin does not work properly, blood sugar levels continue to rise without more insulin being released. In people with type 2 diabetes this causes the pancreas to be depleted causing the body to produce less insulin and less insulin - leading to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).
The beta cells of your pancreas continue to produce and release insulin as they try to control your blood sugar levels. If your beta cells are damaged or die, your body cannot produce enough insulin to stimulate hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). At this point, the body stops absorbing and consuming glucose, and blood sugar levels remain elevated.
High blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke and death. The elevated blood sugar level in diabetes can damage blood vessels, nerves and organs. High blood sugar damages the body and can cause other serious health problems such as kidney disease, vision loss and heart disease.
Your body doesn't have to be a battleground.
Type 2 diabetes is an impairment of the way the body regulates the use of sugar (glucose) for fuel. It is a form of diabetes mellitus, which means that it leads to hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or it does not function as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that acts as a key to allowing blood sugar into the cells of the body for energy production. In type 2 diabetes, cells do not respond to insulin, which is known as insulin resistance. If your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, the hormone that regulates the passage of sugar through your cells, cells that react poorly absorb less sugar.
A person with type 2 diabetes can avoid treatment with insulin if their pancreas has failed. For people with prediabetes metformin (Fortamet, Glumetza) and other oral diabetes drugs are prescribed to reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes. These drugs are often prescribed to older adults who are obese or unable to lower blood sugar levels through lifestyle changes.
People can take steps to lower their body mass index (BMI) to help people with type 2 diabetes manage the disease without medicine. A slow and steady weight loss goal is more likely to help people retain long-term benefits.
Diabetes before diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to overcome insulin resistance. The timeframe for developing elevated blood sugar levels depends on many environmental factors, such as obesity, physical activity, age, diet, disease, pregnancy, medications, and whether there are strong genetic characteristics for diabetes. The genetic predisposition to obesity increases the risk of insulin resistance and diabetes.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are crossovers, so they occur at different stages of life, but there are a few key differences that make them different. Prediabetes is usually diagnosed in older people, but due to the widespread obesity epidemic caused by insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed earlier and earlier. Diabetes is more common in African-American, Hispanic, Latin American, Indian, Asian-American and Pacific Islanders.
This content is for informational purposes only and does not substitute for formal and individualized diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed medical professional. Do not stop or alter your current course of treatment. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
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