Lupus erythematosus, often known as butterfly erythema, is an autoimmune illness that mostly affects women.
Lupus erythematosus is a type of autoimmune disease.
Lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune illness that affects the skin as well as other organs. The goal of therapy is to alleviate symptoms and delay the progression of the disease as much as feasible. With lupus erythematosus, the odds of living a normal life have greatly improved in recent years. The vast majority of patients with lupus erythematosus in Germany live a normal life. The specific cause of lupus erythematosus has yet to be determined, but genetic and hormonal factors are thought to play a role, as women of reproductive age are disproportionately affected.
Lupus erythematosus is caused by autoimmune disorders.
The immune system is the body's first line of defense. It must be able to tell the difference between foreign substances and organisms in order to properly eradicate them. Immune cells that react to endogenous chemicals are normally separated from the rest of the immune system. This regulation process is disrupted in autoimmune illnesses, and the immune system attacks its own body.
An immune response against DNA causes systemic lupus erythematosus (deoxyribonucleic acid). DNA serves as a template for reading the coding of all proteins in the body. Because it is found in practically every cell in the body, lupus erythematosus symptoms can manifest themselves in a variety of ways. Why the immune system targets DNA is still a mystery to scientists. Many distinct components are thought to have to come together. Environmental factors, hormones, and a genetic propensity to the development of an autoimmune illness are examples of these.
Lupus erythematosus symptoms
Although lupus erythematosus can cause a wide range of symptoms, affected people usually only have a handful at a time. The following are examples of possible complaints:
General symptoms: About 95% of persons with lupus erythematosus experience general symptoms. Fever, chills, tiredness, weakness, weight loss, and, in rare cases, swollen lymph nodes are among these symptoms.
Muscle and joint problems: Lupus erythematosus can induce joint inflammation, which can lead to deformity in some cases. Inflammation of the muscles is also a possibility. Muscle and joint difficulties are among the most prevalent lupus erythematosus symptoms, with approximately 90% of patients seeking medical help for joint discomfort or swelling.
Typical skin changes are what gave lupus erythematosus its name, but they aren't always present. Lupus is a Latin word that means "wolf." Scars resembling wolf bites formed as a result of the disease's inability to be effectively treated in the past. A butterfly-like reddening of the nose and cheeks with sparing of the nostrils is typical of lupus erythematosus. The skin is particularly sensitive to light, and skin symptoms frequently arise as a result of or are exacerbated by exposure to the sun. Lupus erythematosus can also damage the scalp, which can result in hair loss. Other signs and symptoms may include bright red lumps with scales or little pimples.
Organ problems: Lupus erythematosus can affect many different organs and cause specific symptoms in them. Blood flow to the heart muscle may be restricted by vascular inflammation or inflammation of the pericardium or lung membranes may occur. In addition, neurological changes such as depression, a tendency to seizures or strokes may occur. Along with the neurological changes, it is mainly the renal involvement in lupus erythematosus that determines the prognosis. Clusters of antibodies and DNA are deposited in the fine filters of the kidneys, impairing their function.
What is the progression of lupus erythematosus?
Lupus erythematosus often advances in stages, with periods of increased disease activity followed by periods with no symptoms. It is conceivable, however, for modest indications of disease to linger throughout the quiet phases. With age, the severity of relapses lessens, becoming less frequent and less severe.
It is impossible to anticipate the course of the disease because it progresses differently in each patient. Organ complaints, which ultimately determine the prognosis, must be treated more intensely than the underlying disease. Infections, cardiovascular illnesses caused by artery inflammation, and renal impairment are the most common manifestations of this disease.
When should I make an appointment with a doctor?
To minimize further organ damage, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible if you suspect you have lupus erythematosus. Lupus erythematosus, unfortunately, does not heal on its own, necessitating long-term specialized care.
What happens if you don't get treated for lupus?
Inflammation of the kidneys affects about half of all Lupus patients (lupus nephritis). Proteinuria (protein in the urine) and potentially tissue water retention are signs of this (edema). Renal function can be harmed by inflammation, leading to kidney failure.
Treatment for lupus erythematosus.
Because lupus erythematosus affects people differently, a single treatment strategy will not be enough for all patients, and must be personalized to the particular patient. The right treatment depends on the symptoms and stage of the disease.
Because lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune illness, treatment focuses on the immune system as well as the damaged organs. Treatment might range from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen to severe immunosuppression, depending on the stage of the disease. If traditional immunosuppressants aren't enough to keep the disease under control, new medications called biologics can be utilized to target the disease's mechanism.
Conclusion - Tips for living a healthy lifestyle if you have Lupus
Living effectively with lupus necessitates a comprehensive strategy. Identifying what you want to do in each area, setting goals, and making a contract with yourself are all part of maintaining balance. In essence, you're pledging to begin living and enjoying a healthy lifestyle. Lupus is so manageable, and compared to the past, when patient survival was often questionable, today's life expectancy is 100 percent five years after diagnosis.
Take good care of yourself and you will live a long and healthy life.