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What are the common causes, and how to relieve lower back pain on the right side?


What does it mean when a person has lower back pain on their right side?

Back pain is what causes many people to find relief at a doctor's office. However, there are many different causes of lower back pain, and some are much more serious than others. Lower back pain on the right side is often caused by a herniated disc in your spinal nerve root compression, which can cause severe and ongoing discomfort.

What are the different types of lower back pain on the right side?

People are more likely to experience lower back pain when they spend long periods of time sitting. This can happen when you are in a position that puts pressure on your right hip and leg. If you are in a place that puts pressure on your left hip and leg, then you will feel pain in your left lower back instead.

Lower back pain on the right side is a topic that has been covered many times with valuable insights from proper medical reviews and studies.

Here, we discuss some of the factors that might lead to it:

1. Back muscle or spinal issues

Many people suffer from lower back pain, the spinal cord's most common cause. However, other reasons, such as muscle strains or degenerative discs, can affect people of all ages. The leading cause is typically related to the back muscle, but it could also be an issue with the spinal cord.

2. Abdominal aortic aneurysm

You are probably aware of an "abdominal aortic aneurysm," which is when an abnormal swelling or ballooning of the main artery in the abdomen, the abdominal aorta, can occur. This leads to pressure on the spines, nerves and other vital organs in the lower back, leading to pain and numbness.

3. Kidney infection

The cause of lower back pain on the right side is a kidney infection. Kidneys are the body's primary system for filtering blood, breaking down waste products and producing urine. When the kidneys cannot function properly, it causes pressure on the nerves that lead to pain in the lower back.

They can be very painful, and it is hard to find relief. You should immediately visit to your doctor If you experience these kind of symptoms.

4. Kidney stones

Kidney stones are formed out of minerals or chemicals that found in the kidneys. They are painless, solid masses that appear as bumps or lumps under the skin. If a stone is large enough, it can cause intense pain and swell in the lower back and abdomen. Several factors could lead to kidney stones; dehydration, an inherited disease, "lifestyle factors," medications, and diet. Visit to your nearby physician is a great idea. They will most likely prescribe pain medication and advise on how to prevent kidney stones in the future.

5. Ulcerative colitis

The cause of lower back pain on the right side is Ulcerative colitis. This condition is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the large intestine and rectum, primarily the colon's innermost lining. The disease causes inflammation and ulcers, leading to bleeding, abdominal pain, cramping, and diarrhea.

6. Pelvic pain during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time of great joy. But the Pain in the lower back is common during pregnancy. Still, it can sometimes be caused by insidious injuries during childbirth. Most of the time, these injuries are over-diagnosed, and women are prescribed unnecessary painkillers and bed rest. It can also bring on a variety of ailments and discomfort, in particular lower back pain. A common cause of this is Pelvic pain during pregnancy.

7. Testicular torsion

In women, the cause of lower back pain on the right side is due to a condition called ovarian torsion. This condition usually affects women during or after their menopausal years. In men, the cause of lower back pain on the right side is due to a condition known as testicular torsion. This condition occurs in men during their reproductive years and is an emergency that requires immediate medical attention.

8. Gynecological disorders

The majority of lower back pain is caused by disorders in the abdomen or pelvis region. The most common gynecological disease that causes these injuries is uterine prolapse. In this condition, the uterine wall slips downward, which can cause back pain and damage to the nerves and muscles in the pelvis region.

9. Spinal Cysts and Tumors

Unrelenting pain in the lower back, either side of the spine, can be caused by many different conditions. One such condition is Spinal Cysts and Tumors, which are often referred to as cancerous lumps. Though they are not cancerous, they can cause severe and chronic back pain.

10. Cauda Equina Syndrome

Cauda Equina Syndrome is a syndrome that is caused by damage to the nerve roots and spinal cord. This condition can cause back pain, neurological deficits, and other symptoms. Still, it sometimes happens after a strenuous activity such as lifting or after the body has been immobilized for an extended period.

11. Herniated Disc

Herniated discs are a common condition where an intervertebral disc between the vertebrae slips and exerts pressure on a nerve or nearby structures, causing pain. It can occur in any age group and is often managed with conservative treatment.

12. Bone Spurs and Arthritis

The cause of lower back pain on the right side is bone spurs and arthritis. These bony protrusions are often the result of a degenerative process known as osteoarthritis- the most common form of arthritis in humans. Because these processes are typically slow, painful, and progressive, it's essential to take preventive measures for this condition.

13. Sacroiliac Joint Disorders

Sacroiliac Joint Disorders are caused by a misalignment in the hips, pelvis, and/or spine. Patients often experience severe lower back pain that changes with time and can be worsened or alleviated by sleeping, coughing, and lifting awkward objects.

Lower back pain on the right side is typically caused by muscle-related pain. It is often a result of prolonged sitting as well as leaning. Muscle-related pain can be exacerbated by activities that do not put enough weight on the right side of the lower back, such as standing and walking.

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Some common causes include lifting heavy objects, lifting incorrectly or not lifting correctly, muscle imbalance, and spinal deformity.

15. Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition that causes the spine's normal curvature to become more rigid and restrict the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. The narrowing can cause pressure on nerves in your lower back and lead to pain, numbness or tingling sensations, and muscle weakness or paralysis.

16. Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

As we age, our body gradually loses the ability to absorb and store nutrients, which results in a lowered immunity. The aging process also slows down the natural healing process, causing bones to break more easily. This leads to smaller and slimmer discs, which create pain in the back or neck due to pressure on nerves.

The Intervertebral Disc is a cushion of the cartilage, ligament, and intervertebral disk surrounding the spinal cord. Its purpose is to reduce and absorb shock when the spine moves. This movement helps keep the spine in line with the rest of your body but can put pressure on your spine, causing pain somewhere between your lower back and neck.

17. Uterine fibroids

It is also common for uterine fibroids to cause women to experience lower back pain on the right side. These benign tumors are most commonly found in the uterus, but they can also be found in other body parts. Fibroids can cause lower back pain, uterine pressure, heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and heavy periods.

18. Ovarian Torsion

Ovarian torsion is when the ovaries rotate to one side of the abdomen. This can cause pain and other symptoms depending on which side of the ovaries is involved.

19. Sprains and Strains

Lower back pain is often seen in people who have a history of sprains and strains. On the other hand, sprains can be caused by an external force or trauma to the muscle tissue, which results in a tear in the muscle fibers. When this happens, blood flow is affected, and the body cannot recover as quickly as it usually would.

20. Appendicitis

Lower back pain on the right side is likely caused by appendicitis because that region is common for this to be located. Typically, children and young adults are the main people who get appendicitis. It causes inflammation in the iliac fossa, the enlarged area on the right side of the body where the appendix is located. Symptoms of this condition are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever & more.

21. Soft tissue injury

Many people might not know that their lower back pain results from a soft tissue injury. The pain could be from muscles or from something else. Sometimes it is difficult to identify pain in the back and buttocks because muscle is such a difficult thing to describe in a concise way as there's discomfort on both sides of the body. If you've had lower back pain for more than just a few days, it's time you see your doctor figure out what is going on.

22. Skeletal disease or injury

Back pain is one of the most common health complaints and it can be caused by a variety of things. Skeletal diseases and injuries can cause pain in the lower back, pelvis, buttocks, hips, legs and feet. It is important to understand what type of skeletal disease or injury patients are experiencing so that they can get appropriate treatment.

Lower back pain is also caused by other problems such as disc degeneration, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis and osteoporosis.

23. Poor posture and/or muscle tone

The causes of back pain vary and can be due to many different factors such as poor posture, muscle tone, and stress. If you have a good-quality chair and desk, then your posture will be better when using a computer, and this will help avoid any reverse loading that leads to pain.

24. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease, also known as PID, is the most common cause of lower back pain right side. It is caused by a bacterial infection that invades the pelvis and nearby organs, leading to inflammation and abscesses. It can affect women who have not given birth or men who have not gotten their prostate checked.

25. Lower back arthritis

Lower back pain is typically caused by an injury to the spine, a soft tissue injury such as a torn muscle or ligament, or some other condition. It can also be caused by degeneration of the spine and poor posture.

26. Low back strain

A strain or sprain in the lower back can cause pain in a low-to-mid back, but there is also a type of strain called an impingement sprain that causes pain on the right side.

27. Iliolumbar syndrome

The cause of lower back pain on the right side is Iliolumbar syndrome. Iliolumbar syndrome is a condition that causes pain and potentially other symptoms caused by irritation of the iliolumbar ligament, which is a crucial structure located in the lower back.

28. Chronic low back pain of no specific origin

It is known that people who do not exercise regularly or have a sedentary lifestyle are at a greater risk of developing low back pain. Low back pain is a common condition that can have physical and emotional consequences. It is essential to try and understand the cause of your pain to get the most effective treatment plan. Many factors can contribute to low back pain, so knowing the exact cause may be difficult.

However, the cause of this pain is poorly understood, and as such, there is no specific treatment to prevent it or cure it.

What are the symptoms of lower back pain on the right side?

Symptoms of right-sided lower back pain include:

  • Pain in the level of the fifth lumbar vertebrae
  • Pain that radiates up one or both arms
  • A burning sensation in the muscles around the hip and groin area, Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
  • A sense of heaviness in the lower limbs
  • Pain that increases with movement and decreases with rest
  • Persistent pain that is relieved by lying on the affected side
  • Pain that starts in one spot and then radiates to another
  • Upset stomach or vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation
  • Weakness, tingling, and Numbness in the legs
  • A sensation of a weight on the spine
  • Pain that worsens with coughing or sneezing

What is the best way to relieve lower back pain on the right side?

Try one of these tips to be more comfortable:

  • Try to lie on your right side with your left knee bent.
  • Place a pillow or two under your hips and legs
  • Use the wall for support and lean against it
  • Use a heat pack for relief
  • Try lying on your left side for a few minutes and then repeat with your right side
  • Try sleeping on your stomach
  • Attempt to relax your torso and shoulders and use your left hand to support the ground
  • Lie on a rolled-up towel under your hips and legs
  • Loosen your belt, remove heavy objects from your pockets, and take a seat for support
  • Breathe deeply, focusing on your breath and slowing your heart rate

The best exercise for right side lower back pain

The following are some great exercises for lower back pain on the right side:

1. Wall squat:

Stand against a wall with your feet about hip-width apart and your knees at a 90-degree angle. Squat down with your arms slightly outstretched, keeping the chest and shoulders up. Hold for a few seconds. Slowly push up and repeat 10 times.

2. One leg deadlift:

Stand on one leg, holding onto something sturdy, like a chair or wall. Bend that knee to almost touching the ground (but not quite). Keep both legs straight and lift yourself up by pushing back with that standing leg, keeping the knee of your standing leg bent. When you finish, do 10 holds and 10 releases. Then, switch to the other side.

3. One arm row:

Stand with your back against a wall and your right arm straight up above your shoulder. Bend at the waist so that your left elbow is now touching the ground, and pull it towards you. As if you’re trying to connect your back to the wall. Hold, then release. Repeat 10 times, then switch arms.

4. Side plank:

The side plank is a yoga exercise that can help relieve lower back pain. The activity involves placing your arm on the ground and lifting your body up. You will be doing a side plank to strengthen your abdominals, arms, and legs, and use your right arm in this exercise. It also increases flexibility in the shoulders, hips, and spine while improving balance by developing better coordination between your left and right sides.

5. Knee-to-elbow plank:

Start out on your right knee with your elbow bent in front of your body, palm down. Push up into a knee-to-elbow plank by lifting one arm (leave the other hand and foot on the ground). Hold here for 10 seconds and switch to the other side.

6. Hovering plank:

Start out on your left elbow with your right hand and arm extended straight out. Push up into a hovering plank by lifting one arm (leave the other hand and foot on the ground). Hold for 10 seconds before switching.

7. Reverse hyperextension:

This is a great exercise for lower back pain on the right side. It involves bending over slowly and touching the floor with the right hand while keeping the left arm bent and held close to the body. Putting your upper body parallel with the ground will help relieve lower back pressure. Hold for 30 seconds before repeating this posture on the left side.

8. Lying-extended leg raises:

Lie on your stomach with one ankle hooked over the other knee and keep your arms close to your sides. Bend both knees out while keeping your upper body straight.

9. Lying hyperextension:

Lie on your stomach with one leg bent out and the other straight, keeping your arms close to your sides. Bend both knees out while keeping your upper body straight. Raise the straight leg off the ground and hold it at an angle. Lower back to start.

10. Lying side extension:

Lie on your right side with your legs bent out and the left leg straight, keeping the arms close to your sides. Bend both knees out while supporting the upper body straight. Raise the straight leg off the ground and hold it at an angle. Lower back to start.

11. Lying heel raise:

Lie on your right side, bend the left leg and keep the right leg off of the ground. Raise your left heel off the ground so that you are only using your left lower back, then switch sides and repeat.

12. Reverse curl:

Start by lying down on your stomach with hands on either side of your head. Keeping yourself straight with your body, lift the head and shoulders off the ground, then lower back down to start.

13. Straight leg raises:

Lie on your stomach with the arms at your sides, then lift one straight leg off the floor until it is parallel with the ground and hold for 3-5 seconds before starting.

14. Valsalva maneuver:

A Valsalva maneuver starts with your hands on your lower back, and you stand up. Exhale forcefully, breath out completely, and clench your abdominal muscles as if you were trying to stop a BM mid-stream. Hold it for 10 seconds or so, then relax while breathing in deeply and slowly.

How long does lower back pain on the right side usually last?

Lower back pain on the right side usually lasts for about 3-4 weeks, and it is usually more painful than on the left side. Which can also cause pain in other body areas, such as in the buttocks or thighs.

It is essential to rest and take care of your back as much as possible.

How can lower back pain on the right side be prevented?

Lower back pain can be caused by different factors such as lifting, carrying heavy objects, sitting for long periods, and sleeping on an uncomfortable surface.

The following are some ways to prevent lower back pain on the right side:

  • Strengthen your core muscles with exercises like planks, bridges, and sit-ups
  • Improve your posture by sitting in an upright position with your shoulders over your hips
  • Reduce stress by practicing mindfulness meditation
  • Incorporate the Alexander Technique into your daily life routine
  • Manage your weight
  • Stretch your back by doing a regular series of stretches recommended by your doctor
  • Mobilize the spine and joints with exercises such as yoga
  • Perform Transverse Abdominus (TA) breathing exercises to help stabilize the spine during everyday activities
  • Improve sleep quality and reduce stress with aromatherapy, mindfulness meditation, and exercise
  • Take a daily multivitamin with minerals to maintain general health and prevent nutrient deficiencies
  • Relax your shoulders and neck muscles by taking deep breaths while lying down
  • Practice muscle relaxation exercises like contracts, alternate nostril breathing, and massaging your face
  • Reduce stress by practicing mindfulness meditation


Lower back pain affects both adults and children and is a condition that everyone should be aware of. It can make sleeping difficult, work harder and affect the overall quality of life. You can feel a lot of pain in your lower back, and it can be caused by various factors. Some people who have problems with their lower back have been children during childbirth, aged, or injured.

The conclusion highlights that when you experience lower back pain on your right side. Try using heat or cold therapy rather than other methods that can cause further harm to your health.

© 2022 partha pratim deb

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