What are dietary supplements?
Vitamins, minerals, herbs, amino acids, and enzymes are some of the ingredients in dietary supplements. Tablets, pills, gummies, and powders, as well as juices and energy bars, are among the many types of dietary supplements available.
Some examples of dietary supplements :
Vitamins D and B12, minerals like calcium and iron, herbs like echinacea and garlic, and glucosamine, probiotics, and fish oils are among the most commonly used supplements.
What You Need To Know About Dietary Supplements
Labeling for Dietary Supplements
The active ingredients, the quantity per serving (dose), and other ingredients, such as fillers, binders, and flavorings, are all listed on the Supplement Facts label for products marketed as dietary supplements.
The serving size is suggested by the manufacturer, but your doctor or nurse will recommend that a different amount is more suitable for you.
Effectiveness of Dietary Supplements
Some dietary supplements can help you get enough vital nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, that your body needs for good health. if you don't eat a well-balanced and balanced diet. Supplements, on the other hand, cannot replace the variety of foods that are required for a balanced diet.
“Supplements can interfere with other drugs you're taking or pose risks if you have certain medical conditions, such as liver disease, or are planning a surgery,” Dr. Millstein explains. Some supplements haven't been tested on pregnant women, nursing mothers, or infants, so you'll want to be extra careful.”
Furthermore, dietary supplements are subject to fewer federal restrictions than prescription medications. Some supplements can contain ingredients that aren't specified on the bottle, which can be harmful. Certain dietary supplements are sold as such, but they contain prescription drugs that are not permitted in dietary supplements.
Some dietary supplements can help treat certain health problems and improve overall health.
- Calcium and vitamin D help to strengthen bones and prevent bone loss.
- Folic acid helps to prevent certain birth defects.
- Some people with heart disease can benefit from omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oils.
Risk and Safety
If you take dietary supplements in high doses or instead of prescription medications, or if you take a variety of supplements, you are more likely to face side effects.
Listed below are a few examples:
The blood thinner warfarin's capacity to avoid blood clotting can be reduced by vitamin K.
Many medicines are broken down faster which reduces their efficacy (including some birth control pills, heart medications, anti-HIV medications, and transplant drugs).
Some forms of cancer chemotherapy can be less successful if antioxidant supplements including vitamins C and E are taken.
Too much vitamin A can lead to headaches and liver damage, as well as weakened bones and birth defects. Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of too much iron, which can also damage the liver and other organs.
Dietary supplement quality
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has developed good manufacturing practices (GMPs) that companies must follow to ensure the identification, purity, weight, and composition of their dietary supplements.
There must be processes in place that provide recorded evidence that proper protocols are followed continuously at each stage of the production process, every time a product is manufactured. The World Health Organization (WHO) has provided comprehensive guidelines for good manufacturing practice. Many countries have adopted WHO GMP as the basis for their GMP specifications. Others, such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the European Union, and the Pharmaceutical Inspection Convention, have standardized their standards.
The product was manufactured properly, contains the ingredients specified on the bottle, and is free of harmful contaminants. These seals do not suggest that a product is either secure or reliable. Quality assurance is provided by the following organizations.
Consult The Medical Providers
Any dietary supplements you're taking should be known to your healthcare providers (including physicians, dentists, and healthcare professionals). They will assist you in considering which supplements, if any, might be beneficial to you.
Keep track of all dietary supplements and medications you're taking. You can print and fill out a form called "My Dietary Supplement and Medicine Record" from the Office of Dietary Supplements website. Make a list of the name of what medication, the dosage you use, how much you use it, and why you use it.
Before taking dietary supplements to cure a health problem, talk to your doctor.
Before taking dietary supplements in place of, or conjunction with, prescription medications, get your healthcare provider's approval. speak to your doctor about any supplements you're taking.
Dietary Supplements are regulated by the federal government.
Both finished dietary supplement products and dietary ingredients are controlled by the FDA. Dietary supplements are governed by a different set of rules than "conventional" foods and drugs, according to the FDA.
It is illegal for manufacturers and distributors of dietary supplements and dietary ingredients to sell adulterated or misbranded products. This ensures that these companies must assess the safety and labeling of their products before marketing to ensure that they comply with all DSHEA and FDA regulations.
The FDA is in charge of taking action against any adulterated or contaminated food. After a dietary supplement product hits the market, the FDA is liable for taking action against it if it is polluted or misbranded.
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