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What Is Anxiety Disorder? The Symptoms, Types and Treatments

Ashley is a certified fitness instructor for women. She loves writing and sharing articles related to health, fitness & diet tips for women.

Types, Symptoms and Treatments of Anxiety Disorder


It is normal for a person to feel anxious every once in a while. Anxiety is a normal emotion. For instance, you could feel anxious when faced with a problem in the workplace, prior to seating for a test, or before you have to make a life-changing decision.

When looking for the answer to the question what is anxiety disorder? It is essential to understand that there are anxiety disorders tend to be different. However, they are all commonly described as a category of mental illnesses. These illnesses can cause you to experience distress that can make it almost impossible for you to carry on with your life.

For people who have anxiety disorders, fear and worry tend to be constant, and when they occur, they can be disabling, as well as overwhelming. But with the right treatment, it is possible for you to be able to manage their symptoms, and go back to living a normal life.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorder is basically an umbrella term that is made up of various conditions like:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder. It is a disorder where you end up feeling excessive, and will normally have to deal with unrealistic worry. One is also likely to experience a lot of tension for no specific reason.
  • Panic disorder. Characterized by random terror. During such an attack, you are likely to experience chest pain, palpitations, and may also start sweating for no reason at all. There are also instances where one may feel like they are having a heart attack or choking.
  • Specific phobias. For this variety, you will start to experience intense fear of a particular situation or object, e.g., flying or heights. It is a fear that normally goes beyond what is considered appropriate, and may cause one to start avoiding certain situations.
  • Social anxiety disorder. It is also popularly referred to as social phobia. It normally leads to a person become self-conscious and may in some cases cause overwhelming worry. The worry will often revolve around everyday situations, and may cause a person to become fixated on others.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

It is not possible to discuss what is anxiety disorder without looking at its main symptoms. The symptoms include:

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  • Dizziness
  • Panic, fear, and uneasiness
  • Tense muscles
  • Sleep problems
  • Nausea
  • Not being able to remain calm and still
  • Dry mouth
  • Tingling hands or feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cold or numb hands and feet

Managing the Symptoms

You can use the following tips to manage the symptoms associated with anxiety disorders. They include:

  • Tip#1. Reduce your intake of drinks and foods that contain caffeine, e.g., chocolate, coffee, energy drinks, cola, and tea. Caffeine has long been known to be a mood altering drug. Taking too much caffeine can, therefore, worsen your anxiety disorder symptoms.
  • Tip#2. Make sure you are maintaining a good diet. In addition, be sure to get enough sleep. Simple aerobic exercises such as biking and jogging will help you release the brain chemicals that are known to cause stress. In return, you will get to experience better mood levels during the day.
  • Tip#3. Anxiety disorders have normally been known to go hand in hand with sleeping problems. It is essential that you ensure that you are getting enough quality sleep. Try and come up with a custom relaxing bedtime routine. If you still continue to experience problems before falling asleep, ensure that you speak with your physician.
  • Tip#4. Request your pharmacist or doctor for advice before you start taking any medication to help you with the sleeping problem. Some of these medications may contain chemicals that will make it harder for you to deal with the anxiety symptoms.


If you have any of the anxiety disorders discussed above, it is recommended that you try the following treatments:

  • Medication. There are a number of antidepressants, e.g., Prozac that have been seen to work well for people with anxiety disorders. But always make sure that you consult with your doctor before you start taking any OTC medication.
  • Psychotherapy. It is kind of counseling that will help you address the kind of emotional responses that you experience towards mental illnesses. You will need to work with a mental health specialist who will try to help you understand the numerous ways that you can use to deal with anxiety disorders.


The only way to know that a mental health care provider will help you overcome this disorder is by checking whether you are comfortable talking to them about your anxiety issues. If not, take your time to find the right one, and be sure to confide to those closest to you on the kind of issues that you may be facing.

Anxiety Disorder

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Ashley Arlert

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