Skip to main content

What Are Bach Flower Remedies or Essences - an Overview

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

What Are Bach Flower Remedies or Essences?

Bach flower remedies is an alternate therapy, a holistic system of healing that was developed by Dr Edward Bach in the early 1930s in the U.K. Dr Bach was a homoeopathic physician, bacteriologist and researcher.

He believed that mental attitude played a very important part in maintaining health as well as recovering from physical disease.

According to Dr Bach, there are 38 negative states of mind and he identified 38 different remedies, each remedy corresponding to each different state of the mind. These remedies are plant-based and from non-poisonous shrubs and trees.

These remedies are derived from the flowers as essences and they heal the physical body by clearing out the negative emotions. With negative emotions out of the way, not only are the roadblocks to peace and happiness removed, but the healing of the physical body is also ensured.

It has to be understood here that the Bach flower remedies are not taken for the physical symptoms; instead, the restoration of the emotional balance restores the body to health physically.

There is no difference between the remedies or essences. In the UK, these are called remedies while in the US they are known as essences.

Bach Flower Remedies

Difference Between Bach Flower Remedies And Homeopathic Remedies

Though both homoeopathic remedies and the Bach flower remedies are derived from plants there are some obvious differences between the 2 therapies.

For one, unlike the homoeopathic system of therapy, there is no system of having different potencies for any of the Bach flower remedies. This makes the Bach flower remedies a much simpler and easy to understand and practice a system of alternate therapy. For this reason, there are no side effects in this system of treatment.

Also up to 7 medicines can be mixed and given in chronic cases. The Bach flower remedies can be repeated as needed from 3 to 5 times a day without any fear of overdosing or side effects.

How Bach Flower Remedies Are Selected

In the healing system by the flower remedies, the emotional aspect of an individual is the only consideration. The reasoning behind this being that the mind, which involves both the mood and disposition, is always affected by the disease in the physical body.

By treating and correcting this altered state of mind of the sick person, the physical troubles disappear.

It has to be realised here that Bach flower remedies are not selected on the basis of the physical afflictions but on the basis of the altered state of mood and disposition that this disease brings to an individual.

Also, it has to be understood that though these remedies are selected on the basis of the mood and disposition of the individual they are not remedies for mental conditions or mental derangements. The mental condition is due to the altered physical state i.e. disease.

Our feelings, moods, emotions, state of mind basically are an indication of the conflict that is going on between our true self, the higher self and the lower self of the individual. The mind being the most sensitive part of the body is the first to show signs of this disharmony.

The body is under the control of the mind and does what the mind wills. It, therefore, reflects all that is going on in the mind. Like for example, when we are nervous the heart beats a bit faster when we worry too much about something we tend to get a headache, and so on...

It can thus be seen that our mental thoughts or state of the mind affects our physical body in different ways.

How The Bach Flower Remedies Are Made

There are 2 methods employed to prepare the mother tinctures for Bach flower remedies.

Scroll to Continue
  1. By the sun method in which the flower heads are floated in pure water for 3 hours in direct sunlight. This method is used for flowers that bloom in summer. About 20 of the remedies are made this way.
  2. By the boiling method for those plants which bloom during the cooler months when the sunlight is weak. The flowers are boiled in pure water for 30 minutes. The remaining 18 remedies are made in this way.

Once the heat either of the sun or by boiling has transferred the energy from the flowers to the water, this energized water is mixed with an equal quantity of 40% proof brandy. This gives the mother tincture.

This mother tincture is further diluted by adding 2 drops of the mother tincture to 30 ml of brandy and these constitute the stock bottles that are sold in shops.

Dose and How To Take The Bach Flower Remedies

The remedies can be taken singly or a mixture of up to maximum 7 remedies can be taken.

  • For a single remedy, add 2 drops in a glass of water and sip at intervals, or add 2 drops to a 30ml mixing bottle containing pure water and take 4 drops at least 4 times of a day.
  • for a mixture of remedies or multiple remedies, add 2 drops of each remedy to a 30ml mixing bottle containing pure water and take 4 drops at least 4 times a day.

A teaspoon of brandy or cider vinegar can be added to the bottle as a preservative.

The remedies can also be taken directly from the stock bottle undiluted. Put 2 drops on the tongue and repeat whenever needed.

The remedies can also be applied externally by rubbing on the lips, temples or the pulse points.

These remedies can also be added to tea, coffee or other beverages though it is best to take them on an empty stomach half to one hour before or after eating.

The remedies can be stopped when the problem that is being treated is resolved.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult their doctor or health practitioner before taking these remedies.

Bach flower remedies can be taken by children, adults, elderly and even pets and plants. Plants that have been transported and transplanted respond favourably to the Rescue remedy (given below) before and after the process.

Rescue Remedy And Rescue Cream

Rescue Remedy

This is an emergency combination of 5 flower remedies created by Dr Edward Bach. The 5 remedies are Impatiens, Star of Bethlehem, Cherry Plum, Rock Rose and Clematis.

The rescue remedy is useful in coping with day to day situations like stress, trauma, etc.

Rescue Cream

This is a general salve that is used to soothe the skin. It is made by blending 6 flower remedies and is applied externally to the skin.

The 38 Bach Flower Remedies And A Small Description Of Their Indications For Use


Botanical Name






Agrimonia eupatoria

Appears carefree and humorous, puts on a cheerful front to hide problems; often takes to alcohol or drugs to help put up the brave front.


Popolus tremula

Haunted by vague, unknown fears and worries, nervous and anxious


Fagus sylvatica

Critical, intolerant, judgemental towards people, events, situations, etc; desires change in others


Centaurium umbellatum

Weak willed, unable to say no, easily bullied, timid, quiet ,passive, a doormat


Ceratostigma willmottianum

Doublts self ability or judgements, lack of self confidence, seeks advice from others constantly

Cherry Plum

Prunus cerasifera mirabolanum

State of deep despair, suicidal thoughts, overstrained mind, fars the mind giving away, state of negativity, fears of losing the mind or fears committing acts of extreme violence

Chestnut Bud

Aesculus hippocastanum

Failure to learn from past mistakes, keeps repeating the same mistakes, takes longer time to learn life's lessons


Chicorium intybus

Possessive, over protective, critical, nagging, manipulative, controlling, demanding, selfish


Clematis vitalba

Daydreams, withdrawn, lack of concentration, no interest in life, living more in future than in the present

Crab Apple

Malus pumila

Cleansing remedy, poor self image,self hatred, sense of being mentallty or emotionally unclean or unacceptable


Ulmus Procera

Depressed and overwhelmed, feelings of inadequacy, overwhelmed by responsibility or tasks at hand


Gentiana amarella

Easily overwhelmed , discouraged or depressed when faced with hindrance or difficulty


Ulex europeus

Hopelessness and despair, pessimistic, depressed from long term illness


Calluna vulgaris

Talkative, dislikes being alone, self absorbed, always seeks company, deamds attention, self centered, self concerned


Ilex aquifolium

Jealousy, envy, hatred, resentment, malice, desire for revenge, suspicion, insecurity


Lonicera caprifolium

live in the past than in the present, homesick, nostalgic, lives in memories of past happiness, ambitions, lost friend or love


Carpinus betulus

Bored of the daily routine, weariness more mental than physical, Monday morning blues,


Impatiens glandulifera

Impatient, easily irritable, nervous, frustrated, quick thinking, fast working so prefers to work alone, impatient with slow workers


Larix decidua

Lack of confidence, inferiority complex


Mimulus guttatus

Fears the known eg, pain, illness, death, flying, darkness, misfortune etc, shy and timid


Sinapis arvensis

Unexplained deep gloom or melancholy, deep sadness bordering on despair


Quercus robur Var. Peduncolata

A plodder, plods on till exhausted, workaholic, overworked, fatigued


Olea europea

Exhaustion, lack of energy following physical or mental effort


Pinus sylvestris

Guilt, apologetic, blames self for other's mistakes, have feelings of self doubt and reproach

Red Chestnut

Aesculus carnea

Over anxious, over concerned, over worried for others

Rock Rose

Helianthemum nummularium

Frozen with fear or terror after a night mare, panic stricken

Rock Water


Self denial, self sacrificing, set too high standards for oneself, self repression


Scleranthus annuus

Indecisive, hesitant, can't make up one's mind

Star Of Bethlehem

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Shock, grief, fright, post trauma stress

Sweet Chestnut

Castanea sativa

Deep despair, extreme mental anguish, intense sorrow


Verbena officinalis

Over enthusiatic, fanatical, hyperactive, argumentative with fixed ideas and principles


Vitis vinifera

Strong willed, inflexible, domineering, ruthless, aggressive


Juglans regia

Fears major life changes, tempted to be led away from their own ideas and aims.

Water Voilet

Hottonia palustris

Proud, aloof, prefer to be alone in health or illness, clever and talented

White Chestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Mind filled with unwanted thoughts, worries and preoccupations, mental arguments

Wild Oat

Bromus ramosus

Uncertainity over one's direction or path in life, lack of clarity

Wild Rose

Rosa canina

Apathetic, resigned to an unpleasant situation in life, drifting, surrenders to struggle of life


Salix vitellina

Self pity, resentment,,, bitterness, unable to forgive, blame others for one's mistakes


The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or healthcare provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.

Some Of My Other Hubs On Alternate Therapies

How to Use Bach Flower Remedies

Bach Flower t.v. interview

Why You and Your Family Need the Bach Flower Remedies

Enjoy a Stress Free Holiday with the Bach Flower Remedies

© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly


Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2019:

Glad you found this article useful, RoadMonkey. Thank you.

RoadMonkey on May 05, 2019:

I had heard of Bach flower remedies but never knew what they actually were. Thank you for a clear explanation.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 23, 2018:

As they say, it's all in the mind. Mind and emotions are inseparable and mental health is of paramount importance if we wish to be completely healthy.

Appreciate your visit and comment, Patricia. Thank you.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on July 21, 2018:

"It has to be understood here that the Bach flower remedies are not taken for the physical symptoms; instead, the restoration of the emotional balance restores the body to health physically." I imagine that restoring emotional balance would definitely help to restore the physical self. thank you for this detailed information. I will keep it handy to refer to. Angels once again are on the way ps

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 10, 2018:

Thank you Maria.

maria on April 05, 2018:

Thank you for your article it's wonderful.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 30, 2017:

Audrey, I hope the concept of how Bach flower remedies work and more is more clear to you. I appreciate your reading the article and liking it. Thank you.

Audrey Hunt from Pahrump NV on June 29, 2017:

I've heard about Bach Flower Remedies but until now I haven't fully understood. This is wonderful Rajan! I'm a big essential oil fan so this is right up my ally.

Thanks for this informative and well researched hub.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on November 11, 2015:

@swalia, thanks for reading and appreciating the write up.

@sujaya, thanks.

sujaya venkatesh on September 14, 2015:

something new

Shaloo Walia from India on September 10, 2015:

quite informative and useful hub...i must say i never knew any of this before..thanks for sharing!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 22, 2015:

@Patricia, thanks for reading and appreciating the hub. And I'm glad you viewed the videos as well.

So good to see you again and have a great day.


@Maggie.L, good to learn these remedies worked for your daughter. Thank you for stopping by and leaving your comments.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on March 17, 2015:

Wow I had not heard of Bach remedies but am very interested in this ...I viewed the videos you provided and will do more research on my own. This is so filled with information that I had no idea about.

thank you for sharing this, rajan jolly.

Hoping all is good with you.

Angels are on the way to you this morning ps

Maggie.L from UK on September 03, 2014:

What a comprehensive hub on Bach flower remedies. Fantastic! My teenage daughter used the Bach rescue remedy to help her with nerves and anxiety during a big music performance. It really helped her.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 01, 2014:

harpalsingh I would suggest you take a training course in Bach flower remedies. There are a number of books on this therapy available on Amazon. I would not suggest self medication before knowing fully about this line of treatment.

harpalsingh26 on June 26, 2014:

Thank you very much sir again for another of your good articles, they help us in getting acquainted to topics which are practical, as i m new to Bach flower remedies, can self medication can be done, any hazards of these remedies or any precautions, any good books in India for the same,regards

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 23, 2013:

@Mary-thank you.

@Patricia-thanks for the read and share.

@Marie-thanks for your input and I appreciate your visit.

Marie Flint from Jacksonville, FL USA on September 20, 2013:

I was very much into Bach Flower remedies prior to my first child in 1980. My midwife had a distributorship. One method we used in diagnosis was to hold a remedy at the heart in one hand and ask the question with the dowser, "Is this the best remedy for me at this time?" Traditionally, the dowser will either circle to the left (no) or right (yes). If it doesn't move, that is also interpreted as "no." Sometimes 5 or 6 remedies combine in balancing the emotions or energies. And, we simply administered the tincture (combined with water and either brandy or rum) under the tongue by squeezing two drops from the eye dropper intermittently throughout the day as needed. My spouse and I successfully conceived our first child on the tincture Gentian for "doubt/lost faith." It is also my understanding that a remedy can reinforce the negative emotional effects as well if you don't have them in the beginning, although I'm not sure why one would want to do this.

You spent a lot of time on that table! Thank you for sharing. ***

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on September 20, 2013:

Wow, this is pretty amazing rajan jolly I am bookmarking this and sharing with my daughter. voted up and shared.

Mary Craig from New York on September 20, 2013:

You always provide us with so much information on your subject. Your research is amazing not to mention that many of us here have not heard of the Back Flower Remedies.

Your chart is pretty extensive and one we will need to read more than once. Thank you again my friend for such an informative hub.

Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 13, 2013:

Hi Sueswan,

Glad you have experienced the benefits of the Rescue remedy first hand. These remedies are very effective if correctly administered. Thanks for stopping by and sharing.

Sueswan on September 12, 2013:

Hi Rajan

A very informative and useful hub . Bookmarking and sharing.

Rescue remedy has come to my rescue in stressful situations.

Voted up and awesome

Take care and have a good weekend.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 29, 2013:

Thanks, Shyron and good to see you again.

Shyron E Shenko from Texas on August 29, 2013:

I am back to read this wonder hub of information.

and voted up and shared again.


Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 28, 2013:

Thanks Devika. Impatience is a very useful remedy as you must have read. Thanks for appreciating.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on August 28, 2013:

Great hub I have Impatiens in my garden and had no idea of this information until I read this hub, how interesting and unique about bach flowers. thanks

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 27, 2013:

Thanks for reading, Les Trois Chenes. Glad you like the information.

Les Trois Chenes from Videix, Limousin, South West France on June 26, 2013:

I'd never heard of Bach flower remedies before. While I find homeopathy hard to believe, I'm much more interested in the traditional plant remedies. Interesting that Bach concentrates on mood and the mind.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 26, 2013:

Aurelio, thanks for reading and leaving your comments.

Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on June 25, 2013:

Bach flowers are not just useful as remedies but pretty to look at as well. Voting this Up and Interesting.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 23, 2013:

Thanks, Shyron.

Shyron E Shenko from Texas on June 23, 2013:

Rajan, thank you, I will read you hub on Alum. Maybe not to night, but I will definitely read it. Thank you for the info:-)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 23, 2013:

@Carol-good to know you have used the Rescue remedies and know what Bach flower remedies are. Thanks for pinning.

@Peggy-There are a host of alternate and ancient remedies out there that we have no inkling about. I'm glad you realize the fact. Thanks for all the votes and sharing.

@Joe-I hope your wife likes this info as much as you do. I appreciate you sharing this with her.

@moonlake-thanks for giving this a read and votes, and also for the sharing.

@Rose-glad to know you like the info. These remedies are pretty safe and effective.

@Shyron-Thanks and yes since olden days alum has been used for clarifying dirty water though it has many other uses as well. I've a hub on alum also which may interest you.

I appreciate your votes and sharing. Thanks.

@livingsta-thanks for reading and sharing.

livingsta from United Kingdom on June 23, 2013:

I have seen these flowers Rajan, they bloom here in the summer. I did not know that they had these many benefits and the remedies are way different from other ones!

Thank you for sharing this useful information with us.

Voted up and sharing!

Shyron E Shenko from Texas on June 22, 2013:

Facinating hub Rajan, voted-up, UAI will share and pin.

I have a question and if anyone would know the answer it would probably be you. What is alum used for? I know my Grandmother used it but I can't remember what for.

rose-the planner from Toronto, Ontario-Canada on June 22, 2013:

You have enlightened me on the Bach flower and its remedies, I had no clue! This is another excellent and thorough article! Thank you so much for sharing this valuable information. (Voted Up) -Rose

moonlake from America on June 22, 2013:

Thank you for this something new to me. Voted up and shared.

Hawaiian Odysseus from Southeast Washington state on June 22, 2013:

Excellent article, Rajan, and finally, one that my wife has not heard about. So it will be nice to share with her this information. Thank you for sharing, my friend. You're a wonderful asset to this HP community!


Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on June 22, 2013:

There are so many methods of treatment that the western world has failed to learn about or embrace. I have never heard about Dr. Bach or his flower remedies but what I like most is that there would be no side effects. Thanks for introducing me to an entirely different subject of which I knew nothing. Up votes, sharing and pinning.

carol stanley from Arizona on June 22, 2013:

I didn't know there were so many varieties. I used Rescue remedy over the years. Well done and excellent information and description..Pinning.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 22, 2013:

@Bill-thank you my friend! Your comments are much appreciated. You have a great weekend as well.

@Kathryn-thanks for stopping by.

Kathryn from Windsor, Connecticut on June 22, 2013:

I have never heard of this. Thank you for sharing this fascinating information with us.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on June 22, 2013:

You have done it again, Rajan! Come up with information on a plant I have never heard of, and given us valuable information for our health, all the while doing it in a style that is easy to read and understand. Well done.

blessings my friend, and have a wonderful weekend.


Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 21, 2013:

Thanks Harsha and good to know these remedies helped you. Appreciate the vote.

Harsha Vardhana R from Bangalore on June 21, 2013:

Thank you, Rajan.

I too have tried before and received some results. I have often heard that it works wonders even when modern treatment has given up in some cases.

Your link shall be a easy table to select the correct one!

Voted up!

Related Articles