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Why Is Borderline Personality Disorder so Common? Symptoms, Causes and Treatment.

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I did a lot of research on this topic in order to understand this disorder to help a family member who was having severe BPD.

What is borderline personality disorder?

Borderline personality disorder is a mental health disorder. It impacts the way you feel, the way you think, the way you manage your behaviour and emotions, and results in unstable relationships.

Puzzled Thoughts


When I run away from reality,

I get close to fantasy,

I like watching movies, series and drama,

I want to stay at home in my pajamas,

I have abandonment issues,

that, all my loved ones, I am going to loose.

Why is borderline personality disorder so common?

Borderline personality disorder has become so common these days because it's rate is increasing day by day over the last decade. Surveys have estimated the prevalence of borderline personality disorder to be 1.6% in the general population and 20% in the inpatient psychiatric population. BPD is not as concrete as physical illnesses, so sufferers are often not taken seriously. Contrary to this popular belief, BPD is a dangerous disease that must be treated as seriously as a physical disease, like heart disease.

Symptoms Of Borderline Personality Disorder.

Here are some of the signs or symptoms of borderline personality disorder.

1. Abandonment issues

They have a constant fear of abandonment. They feel abandonment for things that seem small or insignificant to others. They can take extreme measures to avoid their imaginary seperation or rejection.

2. Anger issues

They show inappropriate and intense anger, such as frequently losing temper, being sarcastic or bitter, gaslighting and doing physical fights.

3. Trust issues

These people have trouble trusting others and they have irrational fear of, What other people are intending to do ? They think that many people have bad motives because that is their life experience.

4. Unstable relationships

They have a pattern of intense and unstable relationships with family, friends, significant others, office colleagues and other loved ones. But specially with their spouse. They idealize someone one moment and then suddenly start believing that the person doesn't care enough or is cruel.

5. Image conscious

These people are too conscious about their image. They are very charismatic and some of the funniest people you have ever met. They are always up for adventures. But in reality they are fighting with themselves. They are the most lonely and sad people.

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6. Controlling nature

These people have controlling nature. They try to control situations as well as people. In order to control they start manipulating and slowly they use their physical power to control.

7. Distorted self-image

They have a distorted self-image. They see themselves as worthless. Their self-image or self-concept includes their physical appearance as well as their beliefs about their own abilities, talents and values.

8. Implusive behaviour

They show impulsive and risky behavior, such as reckless driving, spending too much time in doing something they like whether cooking or shopping, eating or drinking too much and deliberately trying to distroy their own success by suddenly quitting a good job or ending a positive relationship.

9. Suicidal tendency

They have suicidal tendencies. They give suicidal threats or show suicidal behavior or self-injury, often in response to fear of separation or rejection.

10. Mood swings

They lack empathy as a result they don't have any idea about the emotions of others. They live in their own world. They have mood swings. Their mood swings last from a few hours to a few days, which can include intense happiness, irritability, feelings of emptinesss, shame or anxiety.


Causes Of Borderline Personality Disorder.

1. Genetics

Genes play a major role in BPD. Some studies of twins and families have shown that borderline personality disorder is hereditary or strongly associated with some other mental health disorders among close family members.You may be at a higher risk if your mother, father, brother or sister has the same or a similar disorder.

2.Stressful childhood.

If a child was having stressful childhood due to any of these reasons

a) If child has faced emotional, physical or sexual abuse.

b) One or both the parents have neglected the child

c) He/She has faced long-term fear or distress as a child.

d) Child has grown up with another family member who had a serious mental health condition or a drink or drug misuse problem.

3.Brain abnormalities

In case of changes in certain areas of the brain, which are involved in emotion regulation, impulsivity and aggression. Along with that, certain brain chemicals that help to regulate mood, such as serotonin or dopamine, may not function properly.


Treatment For Borderline Personality Disorder.


Psychotherapy is a therapy in which your doctor will talk to you. It is also known as talk therapy. A psychiatrist can determine a diagnosis with a comprehensive psychiatric interview and medical exam. The treatment consists of daily individual sessions with a therapist and group sessions with other people suffering from BPD. Then, the sufferer begin to learn about his/her condition and ability to function and to manage emotions in a better way. It helps to work on improving relationships and reducing impulsive behaviour to move forward in life.


No drugs are approved for BPD. But borderline personality disorder can damage many areas of your life like your school, education, relationship with your partner, social activities and self-image, which can result in other mental health disorders, such as depression, alcohol or other substance misuse, anxiety, eating disorder, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), accumulation of stress for very long period of time can cause pain in some body part and many other problems. So in order to solve these co-occuring problems antidepressants, antipsychotics or mood-stabilizing drugs can be suggested by your doctor. But do not consume anything without the advice or suggestion of a doctor.

BPD is curable. But managing your emotions, thoughts and behavior takes time. In short, recovery takes time. Mostly (99%) people recover from BPD within a period of 2 years with proper therapy sessions.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 manni

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