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Umbilical Hernia and How to Repair it


What is an umbilical hernia?

I suffered with an umbilical hernia several years ago, so this article is written from personal experience and what I went through. An umbilical hernia is where the abdominal wall behind the belly button area becomes damaged. This can cause the naval area to bulge out. Although umbilical hernias are more common in children, I shall concentrate on this type of hernia in adults. Parts of the fatty tissue of bowel can push through a weak part of the abdominal wall. Causes of this can be:-

  • Multiple pregnancies. When a woman is carrying more than 1 baby, this can cause a hernia in the umbilical area.
  • Coughing can cause pressure in the abdominal area which can cause an umbilical hernia.
  • Obesity. Obesity in both adults and children has a higher risk of getting a hernia in this area, compared to people of average weight and height.
  • Heavy lifting. Lifting heavy objects can also cause this, so take proper care when lifting.

The symptoms

Visible symptoms can be a bulge in the belly button area. As you can see in the picture above, this is quite small, but in some cases it can be rather large. Usually this is soft can be popped back in. People can also experience pain in the abdominal area. In severe cases, the hernia can be come strangulated, in which case emergency care is needed. A strangulated hernia is when the intestine becomes trapped in the hernia pouch, thus cutting off the blood supply to the intestines. Another symptom could be vomiting. In my case, I did not suffer with vomiting, but I was in severe pain due to my hernia becoming strangulated. And as any food I was eating was unable to pass through me, this caused the pain and in need of immediate attention.

Repairing the hernia

The type of hernia repair I had for my operation is called hernioplasty. This is when they repair the hernia with mesh around the hernia to reinforce the area. Hernioplasty can also be known as tension-free hernia repair. The organs are pushed back into their original position and a synthetic mesh is added to the area to act as a support. As my hernia had become strangulated, I was taken to A & E (Accident and Emergency) and operated on within the hour. An open incision was made on my stomach area and my hernia was repaired as detailed above.

If, however, you have a small hernia, the operation will not be as extreme as mine. Hernia repairs can be done by keyhole surgery. Or a small incision is made at the base of the belly button and either the bowel or fatty tissue is pushed back in. This generally takes about half an hour to perform.

What risks are there with repairing an umbilical hernia?

As with any operation, there are risks to take into account. The risks to take into account are:

  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Injury to the intestines
  • Allergic reaction to the anesthesia

The aftercare

Depending on the severity of the operation will all depend on the recovery process and the advice your Doctor will give you. On a personal note, I spent 3 days in hospital where I was not allowed to eat anything. Then when they started me on food, I was only allowed to eat soft food like soup, jelly and ice cream. For minor hernia operations, you could be going home on the same day. The hospital may give you painkillers to take home with you. Your doctor will advise you on things like when you can return to work, start exercising and lifting things etc. But certainly, rest will be advisable for the first few days after surgery.

Although it is advisable to avoid heavy lifting and strenuous exercise for about 4 - 6 weeks after the operation, light exercise like walking will be fine.

© 2018 Louise Powles


Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 15, 2018:

Hernia pain is really bad. I have had an inguinal hernia operated. It was an educational read. Thank you.

Nyesha Pagnou MPH from USA on July 09, 2018:

Thanks for sharing this interesting and informative hub with readers. Sorry that you had to experience this hernia personally in the past. I'm glad that you have healed well.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on June 19, 2018:

Very informative article about Umbilical Hernia! Thanks for sharing your own personal experience with others. This would help many of those, who are affected, to understand it better.

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I am sorry to learn that you had to go through all that pain and hospitalisation. Hope you have recovered fully.

Thanks for sharing this useful and informative article!

Dianna Mendez on June 13, 2018:

I am sorry you had to suffer this condition. It is good to know that today we can find relief for it.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on June 09, 2018:

I am glad that you got your umbilical hernia repaired and no longer have that problem. When I was an OR nurse many years ago I got to assist with many such surgeries as well as numerous other types.

Larry Rankin from Oklahoma on May 29, 2018:

Very educational.

Frank Atanacio from Shelton on May 29, 2018:

My question before reading the article was what is an umbilical hernia.. and that's what you answered right away... must be terrible to go through this and then share it... or perhaps writing about helps the heal... anyways, thank you for sharing coffee...:)

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on May 28, 2018:

Experiencing a strangulated hernia sounds horrible. I'm glad you saw a doctor quickly and that the treatment solved the problem.

Bronwen Scott-Branagan from Victoria, Australia on May 28, 2018:

That must have been quite an experience and thank you for describing it; I found it very interesting. I'm so glad to read that you are now back to good health.

Louise Powles (author) from Norfolk, England on May 28, 2018:

Flourish, thankyou for the best wishes. Yes, I'm back to full health now!

FlourishAnyway from USA on May 27, 2018:

This looks painful and your description while not overly vivid makes me feel weak. Sorry you had to endure this and the three days in the hospital. I have never heard of adults having this condition. I hope you are completely better now with no recurrence ever again.

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