Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.
Latin name: Hordeum vulgare
Barley is the oldest known domestically grown and a major cereal grain belonging to the grass family that is native to Western Asia and Northeast Africa. It is a summer crop and is grown both in the temperate and tropical areas of the world. Barley tolerates soil salinity better than wheat, and it resembles wheat grain though it is smaller. It has been cultivated for more than 10,000 years.
Nutrients in Barley
- Barley is an excellent source of fibre ranging from 17–30%, the highest among all grains.
- It has high levels of antioxidants.
- Barley has excellent levels of the minerals selenium, zinc, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and manganese.
- It also contains high levels of B-complex vitamins and folate.
- It contains good levels of potassium.
- Sprouted barley is high in maltose.
- Barley is high in calories, and 100 grams provide 15% of the daily requirement.
Nutrients in Barley
|Nutrient||Amount||% Daily Value|
1,474 kJ (352 kcal)
Thiamine (vit. B1)
Riboflavin (vit. B2)
Niacin (vit. B3)
Pantothenic acid (B5)
Folate (vit. B9)
Uses of Barley
- Apart from barley being used as a grain and in health foods, it is used in the production of animal feeds and also to make alcoholic beverages like beer and wine and non-alcoholic beverages like barley water and barley tea.
- It was used as a standard of measurement in England several centuries back. Barley has healing properties, and barley water and barley tea are two popular beverages in Asia that are made from it.
- Barley contains gluten and is therefore unsuitable for those suffering from Celiac disease. In Islam, prophet Muhammed advocated the use of barley to treat 7 diseases.
- Today, 98% of the barley grown in the United States is used for malting and livestock feed production. Barley today is grown in the U.S, Canada, Germany, Spain, France, and Russia, among other countries.
- The fibre in barley keeps the intestine and colon healthy, reducing chances of digestive issues like constipation, haemorrhoids and colon cancer.
- Barley also has plant lignans that are said to reduce the risk of breast cancer as well as other hormone-related cancers.
- The soluble fibre beta-glucan is known to reduce glucose absorption and helps to keep both the glucose and insulin levels low, thus helping to prevent diabetes.
- The high fibre, both soluble as well as insoluble, lowers the cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
- Barley consumption maintains bone health. The phosphorus and copper keep bones strong, ensure normal bone production and prevent the risk of fractures and osteoporosis.
- Selenium content helps to maintain skin elasticity, protects against free radicals and boosts immunity. The excellent levels of this mineral also ensure the reduction of risk of several cancers.
- Barley consumption aids in preventing the development of gallstones.
- Barley keeps one fuller longer, thereby reducing hunger pangs and aiding in weight loss. It especially targets the visceral fat and ensures a slimmer waistline.
- Niacin in barley provides protection against many factors that lead to cardiovascular disease like preventing the formation of blood clots, preventing plaque deposition in the arteries and reducing cholesterol.
It reduces blood pressure, prevents oxidation of free radicals and offers protection against cardiovascular disease in those postmenopausal women who consume 6 servings of whole grains like barley a week. It also reduces the risk of heart failure.
- The copper levels in barley also check free radical damage and inflammation, thus providing flexibility to the blood vessels, bones, and joints, which is beneficial for those suffering from arthritis.
Just 1 cup of cooked barley will provide 32% of the daily requirement of copper.
Potato Barley Soup
Barley water is a traditional and popular beverage in Britain. Barley water is made by boiling a tablespoon of barley in 1 litre of water till the water reduces to half. It is this simple to make.
Barley water is a good diuretic ensuring the toxins are flushed out of the body. This makes it an excellent beverage to treat urinary tract infections. Consume barley water throughout the day in such a case. It will not only control the infection but will also reduce body heat as it is cooling.
It quenches thirst, reduces burning sensation in the stomach, thus is a good summer season drink. It cleanses the kidneys too.
To make it more palatable, add lemon juice and honey or add orange juice. It also helps to reduce weight if consumed regularly. It also combats arthritic and rheumatic problems.
Roasted Barley Tea
This is a caffeine-free tea that is popular in Japan, China and Korea. It can be used as a caffeine-free coffee substitute too. It is called Mugicha in Japan, Damaicha or Maicha in China and Boricha in Korea. In Japan, it is served chilled in summer while in Korea, it is served hot in winter and cold in summer. It is very easy to make at home.
To make roasted barley tea at home:
- Toast some barley in a skillet over medium heat taking care to stir till it turns a rich brown colour evenly for about ten minutes.
- Put this roasted barley in boiling water and keep it simmering for about 20 minutes.
- Remove from heat, cover, and let it steep for 5 minutes.
- Strain and chill.
- Beta-glucans reduce cholesterol, help control blood sugar, and improve immune system function.
- Many studies on barley . Read here.
- Effect of Barley Coffee on the Adhesive Properties of Oral Streptococci
Quick Bread Recipe
Vegetable Barley Stew
Beef & Barley Soup
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 16, 2016:
Good to hear that Joan. Barley water is a great detoxifier and cooling drink as well. Thanks for reading and commenting.
Joan hart on May 16, 2016:
I get barley tea from Japan each year as a gift . I keep a pitcher each day and drink it through out the day . I actually crave it.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 08, 2013:
I agree with you, we need to tread a new path with caution. Thanks for commenting.
Galadriel Arwen from USA on June 05, 2013:
Yes Rajan, it appears that folks with Celiac disease or Gluten-free people have gotten everyone flipped out about consuming wheat so Barley could be that wheat substitute they are looking for. Unfortunately, Barley does tend to cause some individuals an allergic reaction and various reports show a strong correlation between wheat and barley allergies. Thus, if allergic to wheat, test if you are allergic to Barley before eating.
As you state, Barley is used to make a variety of items like beer, bread, soups, and stews. Buyer beware, like with most things, folks with allergies need to read ingredients to be certain they do not consume Barley if they have an allergy..
Doctor John Dolittle [The central character in a Hugh Loftings children's book that became a made for TV movie.] said, "If you want to be healthy eat like a horse" and horses do eat Barley. Remember the rule of thumb, "Go easy when adding a new item into your daily diet." If you are not allergic, Barley may be a safe choice. I always make Beef and Barley Stew; it's delicious!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 03, 2013:
@Peggy-that is a wonderful way to get the benefits of barley and I certainly appreciate all the votes and sharing. Thank you.
@Jo-thanks for the vote up and sharing.
@ mr-veg-thank you for your input and visit.
@MJennifer-thanks for commenting and sharing your experiences. I hope you like the barley tea and water as much as the soup. Appreciate your visit .
@rebecca-thanks for appreciating.
Abdus Salam from Bangladesh on June 03, 2013:
Very informative and useful hub. Thanks
Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on June 02, 2013:
This is awesome,Rajan. I love the recipes and for barley and the photos are just awesome. Boy, that soup looks tasty, even though the weather is hot here!
Marcy J. Miller from Arizona on June 02, 2013:
Very interesting! I've always preferred barley as a grain for my horses over the much-more popular oats -- in my opinion they assimilate more of the grain, and they have a better sheen than oat-fed animals. When I open a new bag of it I can't help but running my hands through it and smelling it -- it's a clean grain (not as dusty as oats) and has such a great texture and aroma.
I am looking forward to making barley water and roasted barley tea for myself! I've always enjoyed barley soup so I'm sure I'll enjoy the flavor.
mr-veg from Colorado United States on June 02, 2013:
Great information Rajan ! We do use Barley at our house sometimes to make dosa out of it, it yummy as well as healthy at the same time :)
Jo Alexis-Hagues from Lincolnshire, U.K on June 02, 2013:
Rajan, this is excellent!...saving and sharing.
Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on June 02, 2013:
I love adding barley to homemade soups. Haven't done that in a while so will put it on my shopping list after reading this and learning all about the health benefits. UUI votes and sharing and will also pin.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 17, 2013:
Thanks sweetie. I hope you can use barley more now.
sweetie1 from India on April 17, 2013:
I knew barley was good for health but didn't know that it is very good source of anti oxidant too.. Voting it up and awesome
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 30, 2013:
Thanks for visiting and leaving your comments, Aurelio.
Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on March 29, 2013:
I've had this in some soups but since I don't drink, have not tasted them in alcoholic beverages. Voting this Up and Interesting.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 27, 2013:
Nithya, it does take a while to get used to it. Thanks for reading.
Nithya Venkat from Dubai on March 25, 2013:
Great hub, useful and informative. I have tasted barley but I just don't like the taste. After reading about the benefits I think I will try again. Thanks for sharing.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 25, 2013:
@ Devika - good to note that you are thinking of using it more. Thanks.
@ Sasha -Good to know your motivated to drink more of this healthy tea. Thanks for sharing the hub.
Aloe Kim on March 25, 2013:
My in-laws make a barley tea... I'm certainly going to drink more of it! Thank you as always for the enlightening hub! Voting a bunch and sharing!
Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on March 25, 2013:
Barley is so beneficial to us, most of what you mentioned I had no idea of. I will definitely cook barley more often, thanks for writing this hub.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 24, 2013:
@ Rasma - I'm glad you appreciate the info and thanks for sharing.
@ Moonlake - Thanks for stopping by.
moonlake from America on March 24, 2013:
I'm making soup today and it has barley in it. Great hub on the health benefits of barley. Voted up.
Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on March 24, 2013:
Voted up and useful. Thanks for sharing this. Have used barley in cooking a lot and I enjoy it. Great to know all about the benefits and great recipe for barley tea will try it. Passing this on.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 23, 2013:
@ Carol - thanks for the support and appreciate your input.
@ Eddy - feels good to be appreciated. Thanks, friend.
@ Lizam - not good to learn that you can't eat it but there are many other healthy options available. Appreciate the read and comments. Thanks.
Lizam1 on March 23, 2013:
Your hubs are well researched. Sadly I cannot eat barley but I was interested to learn more about it.
Eiddwen from Wales on March 23, 2013:
Another great share.
This series of yours is amazing and still going strong.
Enjoy your weekend.
carol stanley from Arizona on March 23, 2013:
Barley is not one of my favorite grains but I do add it to soups occasionally. My husband loves it. I have always known of its health benefits but learned more with your hub. As always a pleasure to read. Voting up and pinning.