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The Hidden Wounds Of War: Psychological Trauma And Its Treatment

When a person is experienced to overwhelming stress that hurts his or her emotional or physical health, psychological trauma can happen. Trauma can develop in emotionally stressful and upsetting thoughts that overwhelm a person’s experience, causing trauma to make them think like a helpless person.

Trauma may impact a person's well-being for a long time. If the symptoms remain the same and do not get the condition better, the trauma may have caused a mental health condition known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


There are 3 types mainly of trauma, including:

1. Acute trauma

Acute trauma is caused by any risky or stressful incident that happens. that acute trauma is caused by frequent and sustained exposure to face very stressful situations.


Abusing, bullying and domestic violence are just a few examples. Exposure to many stressful incidents caused by complex trauma.

Acute trauma disorder symptoms;

  • A pounding heart is referred to as palpitations.
  • Breathing problems.
  • Pain in the chest.
  • Headache.
  • Stomach ache.

2. Chronic trauma

It comes up when a person is exposing themself to multiple shades of awful, long-term, and/or painful traumatic experiences over a long period. A long-term period of major disease;

containing examples;

Physical abuse, domestic violence, bullying, and exposure to violent events, such as war, can all cause chronic trauma.

3. Complex trauma

Complex trauma causes mainly a child's exposure to many traumatic experiences, many of which are invading and interpersonal, as well as the wide-ranging, and long-term traumas of such exposure. Abuse or severe negligence are examples of these incidents, which are serious and common acts of violence.


Abuse or severe negligence, violence, child abuse, etc.

Complex PTSD signs and symptoms;

  • Shame or guilt are sentiments that people have.
  • You're having trouble managing your feelings.
  • somatic symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, chest pains, and stomach aches during moments of losing focus and concentration (dissociation).
  • Losing touch with friends and relatives.
  • Issues with relationships.

Various Treatments for Trauma

Three basic reasons for PTSD treatment are:

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  • Your symptoms will get better.
  • Educate yourself on how to handle it.
  • Get back your feeling of self-worth.

Trauma Diseases contain the majority of PTSD treatments (CBT). The purpose is to change the negative thought patterns that are causing you to be unhappy in your life.

1. Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)

Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) it's a method of cognitive-behavioral therapy that improves patients on how to face challenges when coming up with challenges and change unhelpful trauma presumptions.

When it comes to decreasing total Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist scores, both cognitive processing treatment and long exposure were equally effective. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist scores of veterans who completed the therapy were considerably lower than those taking therapy or those who did not take therapy.

Coming for the Treatment for CPT generally takes 12 weekly sessions, therefore it lasts over 3 months. Each session will be between around 60 and 90 minutes. After a few sessions, you may notice a difference. CPT's advantages frequently continue long after your last appointment with your physician.

2. Prolonged Exposure Therapy

Prolonged Exposure Therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy that is designed to treat individuals who are struggling with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), such as depression, anger, guilt feeling, and general anxiety.

Treatment with long-term exposure has a high success rate. This is the result of several scientific research studies conducted over the previous three to four decades. PE therapy is usually effective in helping people who are seeking to overcome PTSD. Such as suicidal thinking, excessive guilt, worry, and despair are all reduced.

Prolonged Exposure Therapy is effective and rapid and generally within a few weeks or months starts working. Depending on the type of issue and how shortly the client wishes to complete the treatment, a full course of therapy might take anywhere from around 5 to 20 sessions.

3. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

EMDR means eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and it was developed to treat post-traumatic stress disorder. However, it is currently being utilized in a variety of therapeutic problems.

Patients and family members can benefit from EMDR for a range of psychiatric issues, as well as stress-related physical illnesses and medically unexplained symptoms and diseases. The ability of EMDR to provide a significant change in a short time is related to important problems in medicine, such as growing patient weight and medical fees.

4. Stress Inoculation Training

Stress Inoculation training against stress Teaching and coping strategies to handle stress and anxiety is a part of training. Deep muscle relaxation, cognitive restructuring, breathing exercises, assertiveness skills, thinking pausing, role acting, and guided self-dialogue are some of the techniques that may be used.

People with PTSD are frequently stressed and may find it difficult to cope with their symptoms. SIT teaches you how to react to situations.

To respond to and manage difficult circumstances in a different way your PTSD signs and symptoms You'll think about it.

A variety of conditions, ideas, and actions.

This may be making it difficult for you to cope with your PTSD symptoms. You will learn from your instructor.

How to create more effective coping mechanisms You will gain confidence in your abilities as you practice. capacity to control your PTSD symptoms with coping skills.

© 2021 Parusharam sagar

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