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The Health and Nutritional Benefits of Kinnow Fruit

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Kinnow is a mandarin hybrid of 2 citrus cultivars - King (Citrus nobilis) and Willow leaf (Citrus deliciosa).

It resembles the orange to a great extent.

Orange is a hybrid of Citrus reticulata and Citrus maxima.

Kinnow is pronounced as "Keynoo" and "Kinnoo".

Kinnow was developed by H.B.Frost in 1915 at the Citrus Research Center and released in 1935 for commercial production.

It is a winter fruit extensively cultivated in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, J & K, Rajasthan and even Haryana states of India, and Punjab province of Pakistan. In1940 it was introduced in Pakistan while it was introduced in India in 1954.

It has several varieties which taste and look different from one another.

The kinnow has the most number of seeds, ranging from 12-25, than any other citrus fruit. Seedless varieties of the fruit have also been developed.

The know fruits are medium-sized fruits, slightly oblate, almost round but flattened slightly at the apex and base with a bright orange, sometimes lightly pitted, waxy skin that is neither loose nor tight making it easily peelable. The fruit has a high juice content ranging from 48-52% of its weight, is sweet in taste with a hint of tartness.

The kinnow tree is frost-prone and grows in dry and arid areas and needs less irrigation as compared to an orange tree. It is very productive, grows up to 35 feet in height and initially may bear up to 1000 fruits per tree.

The kinnow harvesting season in India starts from October and extends into March depending on the area it is cultivated in. In hotter and more arid areas the kinnow fruit increased more rapidly in weight and size.

Kinnow can be peeled or cut and eaten. Its juice is a popular beverage during the winter months even sold by roadside hawkers. Its crush, squash, jam, marmalade can be prepared while the peels are often candied.

How To Make Kinnow Marmalade

How To Select The Best Fruit

As a general rule, citrus fruits do not ripen further after picking. Select bright orange coloured fruits without any soft spots having smooth and shiny skin. The early season fruit is naturally tart while the one at the fag end of the season will tend to be bitter and mouldy as well.

Kinnow is one of the most healthy citrus fruits and is known as Punjab's King fruit.

Differences Between Kinnows and Oranges

  • The kinnow is generally darker in colour, has a thicker skin than an orange which is more tightly bound to the pulp making it less easy to take off then an orange.
  • As kinnows have a higher yield than oranges they are cheaper. They also have more seeds than oranges.
  • Kinnows are juicier than oranges and are sweeter rather than tangier as compared to oranges.
  • The kinnow peel is a rich source of d-limonene which is used in the perfumery and pharmaceutical/non-pharmaceutical industries.
Kinnow products like kinnow juice, kinnow crush, kinnow squash

Kinnow products like kinnow juice, kinnow crush, kinnow squash

Nutrients in Kinnow per 100 grams

Nutrient

Quantity

% Daily Value

Calories

50 K.cal

2

Potassium

200 mg

 

Carbohydrates

11 grams

5

Dietary Fiber

2 grams

8

Sugar

10 grams

13

Protein

1 gram

2

Vitamin A

2

Vitamin C

110%

Calcium

4%

Iron

2%

Kinnow Facts

The vitamin A content in kinnow is as much as 3 times more than it is in other citrus fruits.

It also contains large amounts of pectin which helps in the preparation of its marmalade.

Health Benefits of Kinnow

  • Kinnow contains 2.5 times the calcium of other citrus fruits so its regular consumption helps to make the bones stronger.
  • The dried peel is used in various cosmetic products and is also used as an effective home remedy to treat blackheads.
  • Kinnow juice helps strengthen the digestive system, gives relief from acidity naturally thus being an excellent replacement for milk for vegans. KInnow also reduces the sluggishness of the intestines.
  • The Punjab Horticultural post-harvest Technology centre says that the antioxidants in kinnow not only lower cancer risk but also the risk of contracting HIV.
  • The high fibre content helps relieve chronic constipation.
  • The fresh juice perks up appetite and fires up the pancreatic function. It acts as an effective anti-poison medication.
  • The regular consumption of kinnow gives a clear and radiant complexion.
  • Kinnow lowers the bad cholesterol and raises good cholesterol levels.
  • The potassium and magnesium in it help regulate blood pressure.
  • Kinnow provides a lot of energy to the body due to its large carbohydrate content this being especially useful in the winter season as the body need large amounts of it.
  • Those recovering from typhoid will benefit greatly by consuming kinnow. For those suffering from recurrent fever, kinnow fruit is a boon as it helps quench thirst, bring down fever and eliminate toxins from the body.

References

How To Make Candied Kinnow Orange Peels

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 27, 2020:

Thank you for reading the article, Peggy.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on July 27, 2020:

I have never seen Kinnow fruit for sale over here. It resembles an orange in appearance and how it grows. The added nutrition sounds good. We do have mandarin oranges available for sale over here. Thanks for the information about this fruit available in your area.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 27, 2020:

Thank you, Miebakagh.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on June 27, 2020:

Rajah, well noted.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 27, 2020:

Most probably the Malda oranges are different as know is very perishable and cannot be transported long distances. It could be what we call Malta here.

Mohan Babu from Chennai, India on June 27, 2020:

Thanks Rajan Singh. The kinnow looks close to Malda Orange sold in Chennai. Wondering if they are one and the same.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 27, 2020:

No, Mohan Babu. They are not oranges but mandarins belonging to the citrus family the family to which oranges and lemons also belong. Kinnow is mostly grown and available in North India.

Mohan Babu from Chennai, India on June 27, 2020:

Nice article. Just a doubt, Rajan Singh. In India, do people call these fruits also as oranges?

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 29, 2020:

Hope you can make the candied fruit, Devika. Many thanks for your visit.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on April 29, 2020:

Kinnow Fruit is new to me but I would like to make this candied fruit. Informative and most interesting about a unique fruit. The video tells me what I need to know of this fruit.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 28, 2020:

Thank you. Chitrangada.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on April 28, 2020:

Rajah, not at all. Stay safe.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on April 28, 2020:

Rajah, not at all. Stay safe.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on April 27, 2020:

A very well written article about Kinnoo/ Kinnow. It’s one of the favourite citrus fruits here, as we all know.

Thanks for sharing the health benefits and other information in details.

The video is also interesting.

Thank you.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 27, 2020:

Thank you, Miebakagh.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on April 27, 2020:

Rajah this is very well appreciated.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 27, 2020:

Yes, Pamela, the kinnow almost resembles an orange. Citrus fruits are always healthier than other fruits but this one tops the list. Glad you like the information. Thanks for stopping by.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 27, 2020:

It is available in plentiful in North India. Since the fruit is highly perishable it cannot be transported over long distances.

All of us safe. Thank you, Ruchira. I pray that you all too stay safe and healthy.

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on April 26, 2020:

I have never eating a kinnow but it looks like an orange, which I have eaten many times. I like citrus and the fact tht they are so healthy is very good. This is some very good information. Thank you, Rajan.

Ruchira from United States on April 26, 2020:

I have never heard of this fruit. So, thank you for the knowledge, Rajan ji.

Trust you and family doing well and safe.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on April 26, 2020:

Rajah, you're welcomed.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on April 25, 2020:

Rajah, thank you. You're welcomed.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 25, 2020:

Thank you, Umesh.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 25, 2020:

Yes, it is a lesser-known superfood, Marlene. The only thing about the kinnow is that it cannot be transported long distances since it is very perishable

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on April 25, 2020:

I hope you can find Kinoow in your local Asian store. Thank you for reading the article, Miekabagh.

Marlene Bertrand from USA on April 25, 2020:

I have never heard of this fruit before. It sounds like a fruit that is more beneficial than most citrus fruits. I have never seen it in the supermarkets here, but will ask about it in the future. It sounds extra delicious too.

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on April 25, 2020:

Very nice. Well presented. Informative

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on April 25, 2020:

Rajah, thanks for sharing. I hope to be familiar and friendly with the kinnow fruit. So, I will be watching out in the big fruit malls own by Asians in my city. Thanks again and enjoy the weekend.

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