Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.
Roses have had a long and colourful history. The rose belongs to the Genus Rosa and the family Rosaceae. There are over 100 varieties of roses and most of them are native to Asia while the others are native to Europe, North America and North-West Africa.
They are one of the most popular garden plants, available in a range of colours, with varying degrees of fragrance, shapes, sizes and textures. The rose plant can grow erect or as a climber can reach a height of 20 feet and more. Rose cultivation is believed to have originated in China, about 5000 years ago.
Rose is a plant that is easy to grow and lives long with proper care. It can be grown in pots, in the ground and as a ground cover. However, the plant needs well-drained soil. Rose can be propagated by budding, cuttings or layering.
A rose has been used to express beauty, love and peace. Rose has been grown for its ornamental value, used in celebrations, in herbal and folk medicine and in cosmetic and perfume industries.
Rose has been used to make rose oil, rose water, rosehip seed oil and rose tea. It has also been used to make a variety of products like jam, jelly and marmalade, syrup and candied rose petals called Gulkand, and a flavoring for foods.
Rose has been a favourite subject to portray in works of art.
How To Make Gulkand - Candied Rose Petals
It takes tens of thousands of rose blossoms to produce an ounce of rose essential oil. The blossoms are picked in the early hours of dawn just after the dew on them has evaporated. Rose oil is, therefore, one of the most expensive essential oils but since it is immensely dense in health-giving factors, only a few drops are needed.
Health Benefits Of Rose
Rose is popular as a skin and beauty enhancer. Its benefits extend to all types of skin but it works best for mature, dry and sensitive skin.
For skincare, the Bulgarian, Rosa damascena and the Moroccan, Rosa centifolia species of rose plants are used. The former has a deep and powerful scent while the latter has a more sweet and subtle fragrance.
Rose has traditionally been used in skincare. It soothes irritated skin, is a tonic and antiseptic. It soothes the nerves, reduces stress, tension and calms the mind. It treats digestive issues and ulcers and is good for the heart.
How To Make Pure Rose Water At Home | Gulabjal Recipe
Benefits Of Rosewater
Queen Cleopatra is believed to have used rose water to keep her skin soft and supple. Rosewater is obtained by steaming the rosebuds when its volatile oils are released into the water. These essential oils are removed and the water thus remaining is rose water.
Rosewater has antibacterial properties and is therefore used in skin tonics, hair tonics and facial mists. It is cooling, soothing and calming and an anti-inflammatory and astringent.
Because of these properties, it is used to control and treat pimples and acne; it controls sebum production, balances the pH of the skin and tightens pores.
It relieves eye infections and tired eyes and a cotton round soaked in rose water can be placed on the eyes.
When sprayed on the skin or the fragrance is breathed in, it helps to relieve anxiety and depression and improve mood.
Rosewater gargle can relieve inflamed and sore throat and also relieve toothache.
Sprayed on hair it can make the hair shine.
It is also used to flavour foods and drinks.
Rose Essential Oil
Some Remedies With Rose Oil
- For allergies and asthma, add 8 to 10 drops rose oil to bath water daily.
- For headaches and migraine, add 3 to 4 drops rose oil to a hot or cold compress.
- For anxiety and tension, add 2 to 3 drops to a teaspoon or 6 to 8 drops to about 10 ml of carrier oil and massage. Almond, jojoba, grape seed oil are some good carrier oils.
- To restore libido, add 6 to 8 drops rose oil to the bathwater.
Benefits Of Rose Essential Oil Or Rose Oil
Rose oil is of two types.
- Rose otto ( Attar of rose)
- Rose absolute
Attar of rose is extracted from the rose petals by steam distillation while rose absolute is obtained by solvent extraction. Rose absolute is used in perfumery industry.
Rose oil has anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties. It can be used topically to alleviate problematic skin conditions including burns, wounds etc.
Rose oil has a variety of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants due to which it has excellent moisturizing properties so necessary to combat dry skin. Rosa damascena and Rosa centifolia are used for producing rose oil.
Though a variety of chemical compounds are present in rose oil, the beta damascenone quantity in the rose oil determines its quality.
In acne, the application of rose oil reduces redness, inflammation and oiliness due to the anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and astringent properties.
Rose oil also treats skin disease like psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and helps to improve skin texture. It tightens skin pores and tones the sagging facial muscles but does not dry out the skin, unlike other chemical astringents.
It removes various types of skin marks and scars like those of acne, pox, surgery, pregnancy and delivery.
Rose oil when inhaled lowers the cortisol levels and consequently stress levels. The inhalation also inhibits water loss from the skin and heals wounds.
Rose oil promotes scalp health and by reducing stress it reduces hair loss.
Rose oil eases sore throat, cough and fever. It increases the flow of bile, regulates the acid level in the stomach and prevents acidity and acidosis.
It helps in various menstrual problems associated with faulty hormone levels like irregular menses, delayed menses, nausea, cramps, fatigue associated with menses and menopausal issues.
It tones up the liver, kidney, uterus and the urinary tract improving their performance.
Rose oil improves circulation, reduces blood pressure, normalizes. blood clotting.
It is antispasmodic, relieves spasms and cramps of muscles, convulsions etc.
Rose oil can treat diarrhoea, typhoid, cholera, food poisoning, all of which are bacterial diseases. It also treats bacterial infections of the stomach, colon, intestine and urinary tract as also of the skin, eyes, ears and injuries.
Use in low concentrations. high concentrations may aggravate.
Avoid in pregnancy.
Read about the chemical composition of rose oil here.
About Rose Hips
Rose hips are the fruits of the rose plant. Though they are usually red to orange coloured, the colour can vary from purple to black.
Rose hips contain vitamins A, B3, C, D and E. They also contain flavonoids, bioflavonoids, citric acid, tannins, malic acid and Zinc. However, they contain extremely high levels of Vitamin C.
Rose hips are widely consumed in a variety of ways.
They are eaten raw, taking care to avoid eating the hairs in the fruit, as they cause itching. They are also used to make jam, jelly, marmalade. They are used in bread and soups and even used to make wine. Rose hips can be brewed to make tea.
Pet food for pets like guinea pigs and other rodents is made to meet the vitamin C requirements of these pets as they cannot manufacture vitamin C.
They are also fed to horses to improve their coat condition and aid in the growth of the new hoof.
Benefits Of Rose Hip Seed Oil
Rosehip seed oil is a vegetable oil that is derived from the seeds of the rose fruits - the rose hips of the plant Rosa moschata or Rosa rubiginosa which grows in the wild.
Most of the best quality rosehip seed oil is produced in Chile and Argentina. Studies have confirmed its efficacy in a variety of skin related problems.
The rosehip seed oil contains high levels of vitamin C, oils and proteins. It is high in linoleic acid, the omega-6 and linolenic acid, the omega-3 fatty acids. It is the only vegetable oil to contain natural retinol.
Rosehip seed oil moisturizes the skin and keeps it soft and helps erase lines and wrinkles thereby removing signs of ageing skin.
The rosehip seed oil also prevents pigmentation like age spots, sun spots etc. Therefore it is used in sunscreens, skin lightening creams and anti-ageing creams.
Rosehip seed oil can be used undiluted on even sensitive skin like a moisturizer or can be added to other oils, lotions or creams.
Rosehip seed oil for acne
The oil contains high levels of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids which repair and regenerate skin and heal acne scars. The microbial activity of the oil fights bacterial infections to control acne.
The retinol content moisturizes, delays skin ageing, promotes collagen formation and regenerates cells. Additionally, it has trans-retinoic acid which makes skin smooth and reduces the size of the pores.
However, rosehip oil can make the skin more sensitive to sunburn. Hence, use a sunblock before going out in the sun.
Few drops of rosehip seed oil can be applied to the affected area and massaged in circular motions. It is a dry oil so gets absorbed easily without leaving a greasy feel. It can be used 2-3 times a day or even more often.
Preferably avoid using it on very oily skin or on active acne.
The oil can reduce scars, wrinkles, delay ageing of the skin, improve skin tone and aid in regaining the natural colour of the skin.
It is also useful in treating other skin conditions like eczema, dermatitis, sunburn, brittle nails, scarring etc.
Buy rosehip seed oil with added 0.5% vitamin E to prevent it from going rancid soon. The oil contains polyunsaturated fatty acids which make it very prone to oxidation and this limits its shelf life.
Rose Hip Tea
How To Make Rose Hip Tea
- Chop rosehips into pieces.
- Cover with water and boil for 30 minutes.
- Strain through muslin or fine cloth. Add honey if needed before drinking.
How To Make Rose Petals Tea
- Pour 150 ml of boiling water over 1/2 grams of rose petals.
- Allow sitting for a few minutes.
- Strain and drink. Add honey if needed.
Benefits Of Rose Tea
- Rose petals are added to various manufactured teas to enhance the aroma and taste of various teas.
- Rose tea can be prepared from fresh or dried petals or rose hips.
- One cup of rose tea contains 50 to 60 times the amount of vitamin C as the same quantity of oranges. This has been reported in the Planta Medica Journal.
Following are some of the health benefits of rose tea.
- Boosts immunity levels.
- Strengthens the digestive system, fights gastrointestinal diseases and removes constipation.
- Detoxifies the kidneys and urinary tract. It removes small stones clears obstruction of urine.
- Fights sore throat, cold and flu and fights respiratory infections.
- Counters anxiety, depression and calms the nervous system.
- Fights tiredness and fatigue. Aids in getting sleep.
The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies, supplements or starting a new health regime.
Learn from hubber Suzie HQ How to make Frosted Rose Petals
- Frosted Rose Petals Recipe
Turn your rose petals into a tasty and decorative addition to your deserts by frosting rose petals. An easy recipe using only two other ingredients readily available in the kitchen, this frosting easy recipe will not only look great but is totally ed
Some Of My Other Health Hubs
- The 5 Amazing Health Benefits Of Vitamin D - The Sun...
Vitamin D has been a very underrated vitamin. Research studies now show that the health benefits of vitamin D, the sunshine vitamin, extend to many life threatening and life crippling diseases as well. To know more, read on...
- Castor Oil Therapy With Castor Oil Packs
Castor oil has been used as a healing agent since ancient times by traditional healers. Read how castor oil therapy with castor oil packs can be used to treat a variety of health conditions...
Rose Oil - Extraction of Rose Absolute Oil
Rose Hips Oil Benefits for Keeping Skin Young and Wrinkle-Free
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2013 Rajan Singh Jolly
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 26, 2013:
@LKMore-roses not only are beautiful but have amazing health benefits as well. Good to know you found the info interesting and useful. Thank you.
@Thelma-thanks for the visit and appreciation and also for sharing this.
@FlourishAnyway-hope you will be making the rose water now. It's pretty easy.
FlourishAnyway from USA on August 26, 2013:
This is very informative and beautiful. I like the idea of making rose water. Thanks for including the video.
DreamerMeg from Northern Ireland on August 26, 2013:
Another great hub. Must try some rose hip tea.
Thelma Alberts from Germany and Philippines on August 26, 2013:
This is a brilliant and very informative hub. I have made rose water a month ago and it´s really soothing to my dry skin. I have to pin this hub for later use as I would like to make my own rose tea in the future. Voted up, shared and pinned. Have a great new week!
LKMore01 on August 25, 2013:
As I was reading your wonderful HUB I kept trying to imagine the beautiful scent of roses and the soft texture of petals. As others mentioned I had no idea there were so many uses for rose oil, rose water and rose hip seed. This has been such an enjoyable and educational article to read. Thank you. And thank you for bringing back the memory of my Hungarian grandmother yelling at me for picking the roses in her garden when I was a child.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on August 12, 2013:
Marlene, glad you like the info on roses and the video. Thanks.
Marlene Bertrand from USA on August 12, 2013:
It is amazing how many things roses can be used for. Thank you for including the video on how to make rose water. It was very informative, also entertaining. I really enjoyed the music. Most of all, the video made a lot of sense to me after seeing why the lid was placed upside down. Great video accompaniment.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 21, 2013:
I'm glad to have revived some beautiful memories in you. Thanks for stopping by, GTF.
Claudia Mitchell on March 20, 2013:
rajan - Thank you for this hub. The rose scent is my favorite and my grandmother always used rosewater glycerin hand cream so the smell always reminds me of her even though she passed away many many years ago. Rose hip tea always soothes my stomach when I am not feeling well too.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 16, 2013:
Aurelio - yes, a hot gulab jamun is a delicious treat especially when its freezing outside. Nice to see you.
Eddy - Glad you like this series. Thanks for the support.
Eiddwen from Wales on March 16, 2013:
The full package here rajan and here's to many more to follow.
You have a wonderful series here.
Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on March 16, 2013:
I especially like rose water in gulab jamun, which as your know, is pastry ball in rose water syrup. It's one of my favorite Indian desserts. Voting this Up and Useful.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 15, 2013:
Au fait, I'm glad this was so informative. I appreciate your visit, comments, the votes and sharing. Thank you very much.
C E Clark from North Texas on March 15, 2013:
Believe it or not, I didn't know hardly any of this information about roses. I have learned a lot from this hub. Your hubs are always educational and I like that. Voted up, UBI, and gave you 5 more stars, and will share!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 15, 2013:
Yes, this is why rose essential oil is very expensive. Good to see you and I'm glad you like the info.
Susan Holland from Southwest Missouri on March 14, 2013:
Rajan, very interesting. I have used rose water. I love the smell and it does make the skill smell good. All those petals for just an ounce... very extravagant. :-) I think I have tried the rose hip, but it has been a long time ago.
Thanks for sharing!!
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 14, 2013:
@ moonlake - unfortunately, not all roses can bear harsh winters. Thanks for giving this hub a read and passing it on.
@ Mommy Needs a Nap - I hope you try the tea and oil. Thanks for stopping by.
@ shin rock - thanks for reading and appreciate the sharing.
@ avneet - thanks and I hope you do try it.
@ Chitragandha - Glad you like the info. Thanks for visiting.
@ Kathryn - Thank you for the compliments. I appreciate your visit.
Kathryn from Windsor, Connecticut on March 14, 2013:
This is fantastic! I recently did a lot of research on roses, but this goes much more in depth than I went. I like that you have instructions for how to make rose teas and rose waters.
Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on March 14, 2013:
As always, you have again submitted a very useful and informative hub. Well researched and well presented. I am quite aware about the goodness of rose, rose water, rose oil and rose petals, but I had no idea about rose hip. This information is equally interesting.
Lovely pictures and video.....thanks for sharing this useful hub.
Avneet kaur Sidhu from Chandigarh on March 14, 2013:
Wow! Such a great and informative hub. I am surprised to know such benefits of rose, really they are fantastic. I am waiting to drink rose tea and wonder how tasty and healthy it will be. I will also try it as a medicine to treat skin problems... good job..voted up!!!!!!!!!!
shin_rocka04 from Maryland on March 14, 2013:
Beautiful and very health beneficial. I need to incorporate this plant in my teas now. Thanks again for another great hub. Sharing and voting up.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 14, 2013:
Troyangeluk, thanks for reading and appreciating the work.
Troyangeluk from UK on March 13, 2013:
This is very interesting and highly detailed, very nice work.
Michelle Clairday from Arkansas on March 13, 2013:
Very interesting article. I am going to have to try the tea and get some of the oil too. Thanks for the information.
moonlake from America on March 13, 2013:
Rose tea sounds so good. I would love to grow more roses but it's hard here they die in our harsh winters. I have a few that come up every year. Enjoyed your hub voted up and shared.
Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on March 13, 2013:
@ Carol - what a coincidence this is! I do hope this now gives you more joy making your stuff. Appreciate your comments and have a great day.
@ Graham - thanks, my friend. It is always a pleasure seeing you here.
@ Devika - maybe you could try making rose tea now. Thanks and have a nice day.
@ Jo - thanks for taking time read, vote and share. Good to see you.
@ wetnosedogs - thank you.
wetnosedogs from Alabama on March 13, 2013:
I didn't realize there are so many benefits to the rose, besides being a popular flower.
Jo Alexis-Hagues from Lincolnshire, U.K on March 13, 2013:
She is not just a dazzling beauty, the rose is an amazing plant with many benefits. Some of which I'm aware of, but I've learned a few things about the Rose. Thank you for this, up and sharing.
Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on March 13, 2013:
I was thinking of what your next Hub would be and glad I saw this one. I have the fruit of the rose plant but never tried making tea. Rose water is very useful and you always manage to enlighten me on something new.
Graham Lee from Lancashire. England. on March 13, 2013:
Hi rajan. Yet another first class well presented hub, from someone who really knows his subject.
Voted up and all.
carol stanley from Arizona on March 13, 2013:
We are going to make soap and face cream today. I bought rose essential oil and now I know how wonderful it is. This is great as all your health oriented hubs are. Thanks for taking time to write all these,,,a world of knowledge.