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Reasons Some People Refuse to Get Vaccinated for Covid-19

Margaret Minnicks has been an online writer for many years. She researches and shares remedies for using certain products for illnesses.


President Joe Biden promised to get 100 million COVID-19 vaccine shots in the arms of people in his first 100 days in office. He met his goal on Thursday, March 18, 2021 far ahead of schedule. In just 57 days after being sworn in as the 46th President of the United States on January 20, the speed of the vaccinations in America rapidly increased by averaging between 2 million and 3 million vaccines every day. In just over half the time that President Biden predicted, 112 million Americans have received either one or both doses of the vaccines.

Most of the vaccinations were two doses Pfizer and Moderna. The one-dose Johnson & Johnson was approved during the later part of the 57 days. A combined total of 600 million doses of Pfizer and Moderna was ordered for 300 million Americans because those drugs require two shots given three to four weeks apart. Biden has now said it is likely that all eligible persons could be vaccinated by May 1.

It is very good news that the goal of 100 million vaccinations was accomplished so soon, but there is a very big problem with the COVID-19 vaccinations. The problem is "Vaccine Hesitancy."

Vaccine Hesitancy

The numbers change day by day, but as of this writing, about 69 percent of all Americans have either been vaccinated or plan to get the COVID-19 vaccine. That means about 31 percent of Americans say they will not get vaccinated. They believe they have valid reasons for NOT getting the vaccine just as much as those who believe they should get one of the approved drugs that will prevent the chance of them getting sick, being hospitalized, and even dying from COVID-19.

Various Reasons for Hesitancy

Some people have not been vaccinated for COVID-19 and have given reasons why they are refusing to do so. Listed below are reasons people have given for refusing to be vaccinated.


  • Want to wait and see what will happen to others who get vaccinated
  • Vaccine too new
  • Vaccine made too quickly
  • Fear of side effects
  • Fear of getting COVID-19 from the vaccine
  • Inconveniences of getting registered for an appointment
  • Not required by job
  • Unknown long term effects
  • Vaccines might not be as effective as claimed
  • Vaccines might not be safe
  • Too much misinformation
  • Believe they will be billed for the vaccine
  • Don't understand "herd immunity"
  • Fear of having to miss work to get vaccinated and having to use sick leave
  • Not an essential worker or health care provider

Hesitancy Among Races

Black and Hispanic Americans are more hesitant to get vaccinated than White Americans. Six in ten White adults say they have already gotten the vaccine or plan to get it as soon as possible. Only four in ten Black adults say they will get it. About half of Hispanic adults plan not to be vaccinated.

Hesitancy Among Religious Groups

Conservatives and Christians are refusing to get vaccinated. White evangelicals are the most resistant to getting the vaccine than other religious groups. Only 54 percent say that they will get vaccinated while 45 percent say they definitely or probably will not.

Among Catholics, 77 percent plan to get vaccinated, with only 22 percent refusing to. Those with no religious affiliation are refusing to get vaccinated. They make up about 36 percent of adults.


Hesitancy Among Political Parties

Politics continue to affect attitudes towards COVID-19. Republicans are the largest group with 66 percent that remain hesitant to get the vaccine. Nearly four in ten Republicans say they will definitely not get vaccinated unless they are required to do so because they are essential workers.

Democrats and Independents adults say they have already gotten the vaccine or they will get it as soon as they can.

Hesitancy Among Ages

Young adults, especially young Black adults have not made up their minds to get vaccinated yet. However, most of them are leaning toward not getting the vaccine.

They say they are taking the "wait and see" approach to see how it will work for others. Then, there are others who say they definitely will not get vaccinated.

Hesitancy Among Regions

The numbers are different in urban, suburban, and rural areas. Urban and suburban residents are more likely to get vaccinated than rural residents. About 27 percent of residents in rural areas say they definitely will not get the vaccine until they wait and see what will happen to those who live in urban and suburban areas who take the vaccine.

Three in ten rural residents say they will definitely not get vaccinated unless they are required to do so because of their job of being essential workers.

Refusal By Economic Groups

Along with Black and Hispanic adults, those with lower incomes are less likely to receive the vaccine. Black and Hispanic adults are among those who say they want to wait and see how the vaccine is working for other people before getting vaccinated themselves.

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Health Care and Other Essential Workers

Essential workers were among the first priority groups to be vaccinated. Twelve percent of all essential workers say they have received at least one dose of the vaccine. Even so, vaccine hesitation is among some essential workers.

About 60 percent of employees at long-term care facilities who were offered the shots through a federal program designed by Walgreens and CVS Health declined to get them, according to Rick Gates, head of pharmacy and health care at Walgreens. He added that only 20 percent of the residents at the long-term facilities refused to take the doses.

Some health care workers and three in ten non-health essential workers say they will wait and see how the vaccine is working for other people before agreeing to get it themselves.

What Would Convince Naysayers to Get Vaccinated?

Among those categories listed above, the majorities of them say they would be more likely to get a vaccine if they knew for sure that it was highly effective to prevent COVID-19, offers protection from getting sick, and that it is the quickest way for life to return to normal.

Over four in ten say they would be more willing to get vaccinated if they knew for sure that millions of others have already been vaccinated with little or no side effects, and the vaccination is really necessary to get the economy back on track.


  • One in five American adults says they will either definitely not get vaccinated unless they are required to do so for work, school, or other activities.
  • White evangelicals are the most resistant to getting the vaccine than other religious groups.
  • One-third of Republicans are reluctant to be vaccinated.
  • Black and Hispanic adults, especially those with lower incomes are less likely to get vaccinated.
  • Young adults, especially young Black adults say they won't get vaccinated.
  • About three in ten rural residents are hesitant to get the shot.
  • About 28 percent of essential workers other than health care workers have not been vaccinated and don't intend to get the vaccine.

Those who have been vaccinated:

  • Fifty-three percent of White adults have been vaccinated.
  • Unlike White evangelicals, Black Protestants are more likely to get a vaccine.
  • Fifty-eight percent of those who work in health care have been vaccinated.
  • Those who live in households where someone has a serious health condition are more likely to be vaccinated.


If you have taken the vaccine, don't judge those who have chosen NOT to take it.

If you choose NOT to take the vaccine, don't judge those who have taken it.

There are reasons for each group of people.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.


Sp Greaney from Ireland on March 26, 2021:

This is such a personal thing and I think it is up to each individual to take the initiative to read as much information as possible about the vaccine on the government health website and on the websites of the vaccine manufactures.

I think many will refuse it though because of the fear of the unknown but that is what free will is all about.

Most of us will know someone who has had covid or seen interviews with families who had to watch someone they love die from it. When you see that it scares you. I am getting the vaccine.

Mubarak from INDIA on March 21, 2021:

I am not yet ready to take the vaccine because still, I don't know by which it is made of and it is safe or not. But I will think of it. Informative article thanks.

Thelma Alberts from Germany on March 21, 2021:

I am still hesitant to be vaccinated. The vaccines are made fast and there is not enough research yet if it is good. I will wait, I might change my mind.

Thanks for the information on this article.

erikmama on March 20, 2021:

I do not plan on getting the vaccine because I do not think enough research went into making them since they went through emergency protocol.

I know numerous lawsuits have been filed over the years, including against Johnson and Johnson who knew the effects of the drug but ignored it to profit.

Years after medications/vaccines we here of terrible side effects. I stay home more than the average person and wear a mask when I am in public, so hopefully those things keep me (us) safe.

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