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Raspberry Fruit and Its Health Benefits

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

About Raspberry

Latin Name: Rubus idaeus

Raspberry, also called hindberry, is the fruit of a wide variety of species of the genus Rubus. The most common, widely available and grown, is the red coloured raspberry fruit. Raspberries come in a variety of colours ranging from black, purple, orange, red, golden to white.

Raspberry plant is believed to be a native of Eastern Asia. The plant which produces the red raspberry fruit is the Rubus idaeus. This plant is native to Europe & North Asia though it is now cultivated in other temperate regions of the world.

Raspberry is a perennial plant with a woody stem. The plant needs a good amount of sunshine and water to flourish. The fruit is red and sweet but has a tart flavour. It is an aggregate fruit as the fruit is composed of individual drupelets arranged around a central hollow core.

The red raspberry is a hybrid of R.idaeus and R.strigosus varieties. The purple variety has been produced horticulturally and is a hybrid of the red and black variety. The purple variety occurs where the red and black varieties are present in their natural state.
Purple raspberries are rarely grown commercially.

The yellow or the golden raspberry is a form of the red and black raspberry since the absence of the anthocyanin pigment results in the production of these raspberries.

Each fruit or berry is composed of about 100 drupelets. Each drupelet has a seed in it and is enclosed by a pulpy material.

Purple Raspberry

Uses Of Raspberries

  • Raspberries are eaten fresh or are used in the production of processed foods like jams, jellies, puree, fruit juice, syrups, pies etc.
  • When dried they are used in grocery products.
  • Raspberry extracts are used to flavour drinks and foods.
  • Raspberry leaves are used in making herbal teas.
  • The red raspberry leaf has been used in traditional medicine for easing and speeding childbirth. It also fortifies the mother's milk.

Black Raspberries

Raspberry Nutrition

Raspberry contains appreciable amounts of anthocyanin pigments which are natural antioxidants. Because of the aggregate fruit structure, the dietary fibre is amongst the highest amongst the plant foods.

It is an excellent source of Vitamin C, manganese and fibre plus it has appreciable amounts of B-complex vitamins, folic acid, magnesium, copper and iron.

Also present in good amounts are the various polyphenols like ellagic acid, quercetin, gallic acid, anthocyanins, cyanidin, catechin, kaemferol and salicylic acid.

Raspberries have a very high ORAC value of 4900 making it a very effective free radical scavenger.

An added advantage is the low glycemic index (GI).

Golden yellow Raspberries

Raspberry Nutrition Levels

 

Raspberry (Rubus idaeus), ORAC Value 4900/100 g

 

 

Nutritive Value per 100 g,

 

 

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

 

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy

52 Kcal

2.50%

Carbohydrates

11.94 g

9%

Protein

1.20 g

2%

Total Fat

0.65 g

3%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

6.5 g

16%

Vitamins

 

 

Folates

21 mcg

5%

Niacin

0.598 mg

4%

Pyridoxine

0.055 mg

4%

Riboflavin

0.038 mg

3%

Vitamin A

33 IU

1%

Vitamin C

26.2 mg

47%

Vitamin E

1.42 mg

9%

Vitamin K

7.8 µg

6.50%

Electrolytes

 

 

Sodium

1 mg

0%

Potassium

151 mg

3%

Minerals

 

 

Calcium

25 mg

2.50%

Copper

90 µg

10%

Iron

0.69 mg

8.50%

Magnesium

22 mg

5.50%

Manganese

0.670 mg

29%

Zinc

0.42 mg

4%

Phyto-nutrients

 

 

Carotene-ß

12 µg

--

Carotene-?

16 µg

--

Lutein-zeaxanthin

136 µg

--

 

 

 

Wild Raspberries

Health Benefits Of Raspberries

  • Raspberries because of their numerous antioxidants have been found to be useful in preventing cancer, heart diseases and macular degeneration of the eyes.
  • The salicylic acid content is supposed to prevent hardening of the arteries.
  • It reduces allergic reactions due to its antihistaminic action.
  • Raspberries prevent damages to the cell membranes and other components reduce fungi and some bacterial growth in the body.
  • Raspberries have a low glycemic index which means the carbohydrates break up slowly and thus slow down the release of sugar in the bloodstream. This causes lower demand for insulin from the body and is especially beneficial for diabetics. It also helps to lower the risk of developing diabetes.
  • Raspberries increase haemoglobin due to their iron & folate content.
  • They reduce fever, diarrhoea and dysentery, relieve bladder and urinary tract infections.
  • Raspberries keep the skin, bones nails, teeth and hair healthy.
  • They help to give relief in gout, arthritis, constipation and kidney stones.
  • Tea made of raspberry leaves regulates menses, relieves cramps and encourages speedy childbirth. The leaves relieve sore throat and other digestive disorders. Fragrine, an alkaloid, tones the reproductive system.
  • A decoction of raspberry root helps in controlling diarrhoea and dysentery. Take 1-2 tsp twice a day.
  • The raspberry seed oil has a component that protects against ultraviolet radiation.

Red Raspberries

How To Make Raspberry Tea

Pour a glass of boiling water on 1 to 2 tsp of dried raspberry leaves. Cover this and let it stand for 10 minutes. Strain, add sugar and drink warm.

Raspberry tea has been used in folk medicine for relieving leg cramps, diarrhoea, in morning sickness of pregnancy, as a uterine relaxant to assist in speedy childbirth, in oral infections, menstrual spasms, anaemia etc.

Raspberry Ketone For Fat Loss

About Raspberry Ketone

It is a naturally occurring phenolic substance in the raspberry fruit and is the factor for the aroma of the raspberries. It is the natural flavour used in perfumes, cosmetics and food additives.

About 1 to 4 mg of raspberry ketone can be extracted from 1 kg raspberries.

Raspberry ketone is also produced chemically as the natural availability of this is very low.

Raspberry ketone has been shown to prevent the increase of body weight in high-fat diets in experiments on mice. Products with raspberry ketone are sold as weight loss products.

It works in 2 ways :

  • By increasing the levels of the hormone - norepinephrine which causes excess fat to melt away by increasing the body temperature

    AND

  • by increasing the level of the hormone - adiponectin which lowers blood glucose levels and thus prevents the storage of extra fat.

However, some medical opinions suggest that the inclusion of raspberry ketone may cause increased heart rate, blood pressure and may affect the thyroid. They suggest a medical evaluation for people who are on various medications, have diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma or are on anti-depressants or have a raspberry allergy before they consider the inclusion of raspberry ketone.

Raspberry ketone, however, is on the list of compounds declared as safe by USDA.

Frozen Raspberries

Selection & Storage Of Raspberries

Raspberries are a quickly perishable fruit hence it is best to purchase when they are to be consumed. Choose ripe berries only as the unripe berries will not ripen after they are plucked. They should be firm, plump, brightly coloured and have a bright look.

Store them in the fridge and they will keep good for a day or two. But remove any that appear discoloured, moulded or spoilt. spread them without washing on a paper towel lined tray or plate and cover with a plastic wrap before you keep them in the fridge.

If you want to freeze them for longer storage then wash them gently and pat them dry. arrange them in a flat pan with butter paper or cookie sheet under them. and put them in the freezer. Once they are frozen put them in a thick airtight plastic bag and store in the freezer.

If you want to preserve their colour add some lemon juice to the raspberries before freezing.

Frozen raspberries stored in the freezer keep good for at least 12 months.

Precautions For Rasberry Consumption

People with kidney or gall bladder problems should avoid raspberries as they contain oxalates in appreciable amounts. Excess oxalates in the body fluids may lead to their crystallisation and subsequent health concerns.

Hence check with your doctor before you start consuming raspberries.

Some of My Other Hubs on Healthy Foods

  • Quinoa Health Benefits
    Quinoa is a small seed with an excellent protein profile causing it to be termed a source of complete protein and packed with a plethora of nutrients. To know more about quinoa health benefits, read on...
  • Silverbeet, Swiss Chard Or Chard And Its Health Bene...
    Swiss chard, chard, silverbeet, mangold, spinach beet are some of the many names that swiss chard is known by. This green leafy vegetable is one of the most healthy vegetables available which is a valuable addition to a healthy diet. To know more abo
  • Health Benefits Of Wheat grass And Wheatgrass Juice
    Wheat Grass therapy was pioneered by Dr. Ann Wigmore and is said to be a revolutionary therapy in many deadly diseases, like cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, leprosy etc. To know more about this therapy, read on....
  • The Health Benefits Of Green Kale - The Leafy Vegetable
    Kale is a primitive leafy vegetable with numerous phytonutrients beneficial to health. To find out the health benefits of kale - the healthy vegetable that is among the top10 healthy vegetables' list, read on...
  • Health Benefits Of Olives And Olive Oil
    Olives and Olive Oil are very beneficial to health. Olive Oil is the most healthy of all the cooking oils and has a number of health uses. To know more about the various health benefits of olives and olive oil, read on....

Other hubs on Raspberry

  • Fresh Raspberry Pie Recipe
    Super tasty and easy raspberry pie recipe. My mom has been making this pie for years and we all look forward to it. In fact, it is requested by my brothers. I make it the same with an extra twist.
  • Easy Raspberry Cobbler
    Make delicious raspberry cobbler that your friends and family will love. It's a versatile dessert. You can substitute in virtually any other type of fruit and serve with ice cream, frozen yogurt, or even whipped cream.
  • Raspberry Leaf: The Women's Herb
    Raspberry bushes are part of the rose family. You may know that rose hips are high in vitamin C, but so are raspberry leaves! They are found as native plants in North America and in parts of Asia. Many Native American nations recognized the value...

Disclaimer

The information provided in this hub is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your physician, or health care provider before taking any home remedies or supplements.




Raspberry Cheese Cups

How To Make Raspberry Chutney

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

deepthi on November 06, 2013:

Hey rajan nice post. ... I have a question. . I have kidney stones problem so is it advisable to consume raspberry fruit frequently

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 24, 2013:

Thanks for reading, zaton.

Zaton-Taran from California on September 24, 2013:

To Ramesh Sharma, many of the raspberry plants sold on ebay are from Indian companies, if you do a little research. I bought some seeds from an Indian fellow on there and they ripened beautifully in my garden. Great hub on raspberries; I've been really looking into raspberry ketones lately, and even made a hub about it a few months ago - I was skeptical at first but they seem to work. Of course, I lift weights a lot, so maybe it's just my exercise that's doing it....? I'd recommend both

https://hubpages.com/health/Raspberry-Ketone-Suppl...

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on September 23, 2013:

Thanks for reading and commenting, Donna!

Cygnet Brown from Springfield, Missouri on September 23, 2013:

Good article, you covered all the raspberry bases. I didn't realize that you could buy raspberry plants through Amazon.com! Now I know thanks, rajan jolly.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 04, 2013:

Ramesh, I have no idea about this company. you can always buy plants from amazon.com or eBay.com.

Ramesh Sharma on July 03, 2013:

Where can i buy Raspberry Plants in India.I heard about a company called Abonna Plants ,how are they?

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 28, 2013:

@Jools-you are right, added sugar takes away from the benefits of a fruit. Thanks for reading and commenting.

@Ken-thanks.

Kenneth C Agudo from Tiwi, Philippines on May 28, 2013:

wonderful, nicely done hub ;-)

Jools Hogg from North-East UK on May 28, 2013:

Rajan, great advice - raspberries certainly seem to be full of goodness - I only wish I liked them! I find them a bit too bitter for my own tastes...now if only I could cover them in sugar (but that defeats the object of eating a healthy fruit) :o)

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 28, 2013:

That's a creative description yansky!

yansky23 on May 27, 2013:

But eating plain raspberries are like eating a flower.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 26, 2013:

Aupadhay, thanks and glad you like the info.

ANIL KUMAR UPADHYAY from INDIA, UTTAR PRADESH STATE, KANPUR CITY on May 26, 2013:

At first sight, a nice mouth watering hub. But the details you elaborated in it, really interesting. Wonderful hub for health care. Thanks for this hub which educated me and others also. But special thanks for beautiful pictures.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 25, 2013:

Jenn, glad you like this info and raspberries as well. Thanks for commenting.

Jenn-Anne on May 25, 2013:

Very informative hub! I love raspberries. I used to go raspberry picking with my mom when I was a kid. I didn't realize all the health properties that raspberries have. I think I'll enjoy eating them even more now!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 25, 2013:

@Peggy-nice to know you have very pleasant memories associated with berries. Appreciate your input and sharing.

@Carrie-glad you like the hub enough to be motivated to grow other varieties too. Appreciate the sharing.

@Careermommy-glad you found the hub informational. Thanks.

Tirralan Watkins from Los Angeles, CA on May 25, 2013:

rajan jolly, this is very educational. I never knew there were so many types of raspberries. Thanks again for your insight.

Carrie L Cronkite from Maine on May 25, 2013:

Excellent hub! I didn't realize that there were so many variety of raspberries. My husband and I grow red raspberries, I would like to start growing some of the other varieties too. I'd have to check to see if they would be hearty up in Northern Maine though. Voted up and shared.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on May 25, 2013:

Hi Rajan,

I love raspberries and blackberries. The blackberries grow wild in many places in Oregon. We helped ourselves to them in many places as we vacationed there and they were large and wonderful! Brings back memories of that trip. I always knew that these types of berries were healthful but learned even more by reading your hub. Thanks! Voted UUI and will pin and also share.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on May 05, 2013:

Thanks for visiting, Better Yourself.

Better Yourself from North Carolina on May 05, 2013:

So interesting and I love raspberries! I had never seen golden yellow raspberries though - I'll have to keep my eyes open for these to try. Thanks for sharing!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 28, 2013:

Thanks for sparing time to read and comment, Mike. Always good to see you.

Mike Robbers from London on February 28, 2013:

Had no idea there's such thing as yellow raspberries! Otherwise, they're delicious! Voted up&interesting!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 12, 2013:

Thanks, khmohsin. I'm glad this hub provided you with some useful information.

khmohsin on February 11, 2013:

Respberry is one of my favorite fruits, i love them a lot. I never know the about this kind of huge benefits of respberries. This is really a great hub. Thanks for sharing the amazing and interesting information of respberries.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 26, 2013:

I hope your friend likes this info. Thanks for stopping by.

ZAS on January 23, 2013:

OK, my good friend is always joking with me because I just love rasberries, she is not so fond of them and cannot relate, I will send her this for a little poke at her in our ongoing rasberry "joke". How can anyone not love rasberries?!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on January 10, 2013:

Glad you like the info and the raspberry cup recipe. Hope you could try it soon. Thanks for coming by.

Missy Mac from Illinois on January 09, 2013:

The raspberry cups look delicious. Thanks for sharing the benefits of raspberries. I love the flavor; however, I retain the juice to remove the seeds. Thanks again!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on December 02, 2012:

Thanks for the input and comments, Carol. Appreciate the sharing and vote.

carol stanley from Arizona on December 02, 2012:

Thought I would drop in on my favorite fruit of raspberries. I have only had the standard red ones. When they are in season we have them a lot. I have to look for the frozen ones. It is more of a challenge to get good fruit in the winter..I love all the summer fruits. Thanks for a very comprehensive and well explained hub. Voting up and sharing.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 05, 2012:

Hi Daisy,

Its summer I believe and most of these berries thrive on sunshine. Great to know you have a farmers market close by to procure these healthy fruits easily.

Thanks for all the nice words. I really appreciate your comments. It's always a pleasure to have you here.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on July 05, 2012:

Thanks Edward. I believe these berries are one of the reasons for your good health. I appreciate your stopping by and am thankful for your wonderful feedback.

Daisy Mariposa from Orange County (Southern California) on July 05, 2012:

Rajan,

Thanks for publishing this Hub. Your articles are always beautiful to look at and are extremely informative.

Berries are in season in Southern California. I've been purchasing a lot of red raspberries, blueberries, and blackberries from a local farmers market in recent weeks.

edward O'Gara on June 22, 2012:

I enjoyed reading about how healthy raspberries are. I am 79 years

old and have been eatting raspberries in my ceral daily. I have a huge

raspberry crop and my wifw freezes the berries in small plastic

containers. If we run out of raspberries I eat blueberries which we get

from the store. Thanks for the great article on raspberries. Ed

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 04, 2012:

Dinesh, they do not. In fact they are a cure for allergies and sinus problems. It probably is just a coincidence.

Thanks for reading.

dinesh on June 03, 2012:

Nice hub.. but i do hav a query to ask u.. Once when i had rasberry immediately i got a severe jaw pain and got an immediate runnign nose :(. I thought it causes cold, since i already hav trraces of sinus prob!!! so is it recommendable to hav these fruit..Do they cause cold ???

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 22, 2012:

Hi PurvisBobbi,

I am glad to note the hub has provided you with some unknown info. Raspberries, nay all berries are healthy more so due to the multitude of phyto nutrients in them.

Thanks for stopping by and leaving your appreciation.

Barbara Purvis Hunter from Florida on February 22, 2012:

Hi rajan jolly,

I have learned so much from your hub--thank you--now I am hungry for some berries.

But seriously, I did not know there were so many different types of raspberries, and since they are in the rose family that make me like them more.

You did a great job of researching and it shows.

Bobbi

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 20, 2012:

Audrey, thank you for all the appreciation, voting it up and sharing. I'm glad to be able to provide you with information which is useful.

Thanks for stopping by.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 20, 2012:

rebeccamealey, do try these recipes. I'd love to have your feedback. I appreciate your stopping by to read and leave your comments.

Thank you.

Audrey Hunt from Idyllwild Ca. on February 20, 2012:

What a good and complete informative article on Raspberries! You have managed to make this subject interesting as well as educational. :-)

Voting up and sharing.

Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on February 20, 2012:

Thanks for the good raspberry recipes. They are quite unique. Also, I never knew there was golden raspberries!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 20, 2012:

That's so wonderful. Thanks for stopping by and reading Dex.

Dexter Yarbrough from United States on February 20, 2012:

I am eating raspberries as I read your hub! Great!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 19, 2012:

Lady_E, thanks for reading and appreciating. I agree raspberry jam is the tastiest and probably the healthiest.

Elena from London, UK on February 19, 2012:

Beautiful share. My favourite Jam is raspberry.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 18, 2012:

You're welcome Audrey.

Audrey Howitt from California on February 18, 2012:

Thank you for letting me know that!

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 18, 2012:

Audrey Howitt, blackberries and raspberries come from the same family and genus though from different genera.They have many common benefits especially the polyphenolic antioxidant composition as they have a higher ORAC value.

Thanks for being here and being so appreciative.

@ europewalker. Thanks for your visit and kind words.

@ alocsin. I hope you try out those cheese cups and give raspberries a second look.Thank you so much for being here, voting and sharing.

Rajan Singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on February 18, 2012:

@ cclitgirl, thanks for stopping by and leaving such kind words. I'm thankful for the vote and the sharing.

Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on February 18, 2012:

Not my favorite fruit, but now that you've listed all its advantages, I may give raspberries a second look. Besides, those cheese cups look delicious. Voting this Up and Interesting.

europewalker on February 18, 2012:

Love raspberries. Very interesting hub.

Audrey Howitt from California on February 18, 2012:

What a great article! We have blackberries in our back yard and I often eat them--do you know if they have similar qualities??

Cynthia Calhoun from Western NC on February 18, 2012:

This is one awesome, thorough hub! Thank you too, for the link. I LOVE raspberries. Uh-oh, now I'm going to have to get off here and go make some raspberry cobbler. :) Voted up and SHARING.