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Psychological Influences on Pain Perception

Psychology on Pain Perception

According to early models of pain, it described pain as a “biomedical framework as an automatic response to an external factor” (Ogden, 2019, the Psychology of Health and Illness, P. 62). It is a response to a painful stimulus involving a direct path way connecting the source of pain. (Ogden, 2019).

Psychologically, pain can make us anxious. It can change our emotions, behavior Completely. Though we cannot completely deal with pain, but we can reduce it effects. It was observed during World War 11, that, most civilians used pain killers more than soldiers, who were coming from war. According to psychologists, soldiers did not focus on the pain, but victory they got after way. (Ogden, 2019).

There are two kinds of pains: acute and chronic pain. Acute pain is pain in a short period of time and chronic pain is a pain that takes long period. Most medicines, were found to be effective, more especially pain killers, on acute pain. Ogden comments on why, “this suggested that there must be something else involved in the pain experience that was not included in the simple stimuli-response models” (2019, the Psychology of Health and Illness).

The Gate Control Theory of Pain (GCTP).

Melzack and Wall, observed , there is a gate existing at the spinal cord level. These gate receivers input from peripheral nerve fibers, which is at the site of injury, “descending central influences from the brain relating to the psychological state of the individual” (Ogden, 2019, the Psychology of Health and Illness, P. 63).

The large and small fibers constitute part of the psychological input to pain perception. There is an argument that, the gate integrates all the information from the “different sources and produces an output”. It is this output that sends information to an action system, which leads to the pain perception. (Ogden, 2019).

Factors that close the gate

There are factors that close the gate and Ogden, (2019), listed them for us:

  • Physical factors, such as medical or stimulation of the small fibers.
  • Emotional factors, such as happiness, optimism, or relaxation.
  • Behavioral factors, such as concentration, distraction or an involvement in other activities.

Blogging in the Context of Psychological Moderators

Most of the people, who are in chronic pain, feel like they have been isolated. Social Medias and blogging as come to bring people who feel isolated, closer to others with the same experience. This in agreement with Tsai, et al. , (2018), “social support is beneficial for people with chronic pain because it fosters positive pain management strategy use and reduces feelings of Isolation “ (Seeking virtual social support through Blogging, Para. 6).

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In conclusion, people in painful chronic pain need social help. They get encouraged when they hear about friends, experiencing same situation through social medias and blogs. We should be sharing about our situation and be a friend closer than a brother to those who feel Isolated. Social media have brought us closer.

Reference

Ogden, J. (2019). The Psychology of Health and Illness. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://openresearch.surrey.ac.uk/view/pdfCoverPage%3FinstCode%3D44SUR_INST%26filePid%3D13140276140002346%26download%3Dtrue&ved=2ahUKEwiKw8_ug4f8AhUvQEEAHdysCSIQFnoECB0QAQ&usg=AOvVaw2PD4zGIbfJQPhBwRMSKoLJ

Tsai, S. , Crawford, E. , Strong, J. , (2018). Seeking virtual social support through blogging. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207618772669








© 2022 Victor Mushimbami

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