Compared to other contagious diseases Spanish flu causes much greater human suffering than others. Later solution found, people gradually recovered from such diseases.
Earlier people prefer to live in villages where the environment is clean and healthy. At present people like to live in town, therefore there is a huge difference between pandemic which occur in past and that of occurring at present.
Although science & technology are not so developed compared to present, due to lower density of population, clean and healthy environment number of death of people comparatively less in past.
WHO categorized COVID-19 as pandemic on 11th March 2020, till now there is no report of any clinically approved vaccines or antiviral drugs. This infectious respiratory disease easily gets transfer from one person to another.
So, let us come together to follow social distancing, staying at home unless necessary using frequent hand wash, and wearing masks to defeat the corona pandemic.
According to World Bank (W.B), for the first time since 1998 global poverty will rise. The new forecast suggested that COVID-19 will push 49 million people into extreme poverty mainly in developing countries in South Asia and Africa.
Changing human behavior:-
As COVID-19 easily get transferred from one person to another, after it gets controlled people may choose to work remotely avoiding social, religious gathering, use of greener transport, etc.
Impact on sports:-
Tokyo Olympic scheduled to be held in 2020, due to the current pandemic it gets postponed. Players are uncertain about upcoming future events. If they lose motivation, dedication towards their respective sports, it may greatly influence sportsperson as they may not enjoy the Olympics the way they wanted.
Impact on tourism:-
Tourism which is one of the large employment generating sectors is highly suffered from the pandemic, with about 50 to 70% decline in activity of the tourism sector.
Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) warned the risk of worldwide food shortage if authorities fail to manage the ongoing coronavirus crisis properly.
Lesson learned from this pandemic:-
History repeats itself!! Once the COVID-19 pandemic is over it is quite possible to reoccur in the future, for which we need to prepare ourselves for upcoming challenges.
- Urban planning- The severe spread of COVID-19 in Mumbai more so in Dharavi, will prove to be a huge challenge for the government. State and center should note the destructive possibilities of having such densely populated slum areas. Therefore, it is important that measures are initiated to replace the slumps with dormitories for the working-class people as they are the backbone of economic prosperity.
- Virtual judiciary- During the national wide lockdown “work from home” is a concept whose time has come never before. The use of virtual judiciary result not only reduces costs but also lead to speedy disposal of cases.
- Disaster relief fund- To fight against the pandemic, natural disaster, famine a huge amount of money is required for which a certain amount of money in the form of a “disaster relief fund” to be kept at the national and international level.
- Public healthcare system- The pandemic has shown the importance of public healthcare system where a group of doctors, nurses should get adequate training to fight such pandemic in near future.
- Technology-based solution- The biggest lesson is that we have to focus on technology. We have learned to deliver and interact with our customers without any physical interaction and by moving to an app-based solution.
- Needed a pandemic patent tool- This will give all countries the right to implement innovation without further permission from a patent holder.
Need for improving resilience to biological disaster:-
To develop resilience against biological disaster main weapon is to develop our own immunity to a disease, which is achieved through the presence of antibodies to that disease in a person’s system. Immunity mainly of two types-
- Natural or innate immunity- Innate immunity is something that already presents in the body like skin, chemicals in the blood, etc.
- Acquired or adaptive immunity- It is of two types
ⅰ. Active immunity- Acquired by exposure to disease or by vaccination. It takes time to develop but long-lasting.
ⅱ. Passive immunity- Immunity acquired when a person is given antibodies to a disease rather than producing in its own immune system. The major advantage of passive immunity is that protection is immediate. Convalescent Plasma Therapy currently identified as a potential treatment for COVID-19 is a way of developing passive immunity to COVID-19 patients.
Biological disasters are more dangerous than an atom bomb for us, it cannot be expressed through mathematical equations at present. To tackle such a disaster we required to show patience, solidarity.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.