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Precautions Against Typhoid


typhoid testing

typhoid testing

What is Typhoid?

Typhoid is a bacterial infection and is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. This disease is spread through contaminated food and water. You can get this disease even if you come in contact with someone suffering from typhoid. Poor sanitation also causes this deadly disease. Problems like high fever, vomiting, and diarrhea arise in typhoid. If a doctor catches it early, then they treat it with antibiotics, otherwise, typhoid becomes life-threatening and due to this, the patient may have to face many more serious diseases in which there is a danger to life. Typhoid cases have come down significantly in India. Typhoid fever usually spreads in flood-affected areas and rainy season. Contaminated water is one of the major factors that contribute to this waterborne disease and children are more likely to spread the disease.

In flood-affected areas, it is natural to cause flood damage such as human and animal death, impact on public health, physical damage, problems due to flood outbreaks and spread of diseases, etc. Among the same diseases typhoid is also a serious disease, let us know About it in detail.

Type Of Typhoid

  1. Typhoidal Salmonella a bacterial strain that causes typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever, which includes Salmonella typhi, and para typhi
  2. Non-typhoid Salmonella which includes all other Salmonella strains.

Symptoms of Typhoid

  • Headache
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • muscle aches
  • to sweat
  • Dry cough
  • Loss of appetite and loss of weight
  • Abdominal pain
  • diarrhea or constipation
  • Extremely swollen abdomen
  • Enlargement of liver and spleen.
  • Shivering and chills.
  • Rashes
  • Nausea
  • delirium
  • High fever


Factors That Aggravate The Infection.

  • Unhygienic living conditions
  • Poor sanitation
  • Frequent travel to affected areas
  • Coming in contact with a person suffering from typhoid

How to Diagnose Typhoid?

  1. Antibody testing against Salmonella typhi
  2. fever screening test
  3. blood, stool, and urine tests
  4. bone marrow test
  5. blood test

Which Part Of The Body Does Typhoid Attack?

Typhoid is a bacterial infection. It affects not just one organ, but many parts of the body. After reaching the bloodstream, the bacteria attack the gastrointestinal tract, including the liver, spleen, and muscles. Sometimes, the liver and spleen also swell. The bacteria can also reach the gallbladder, lungs, and kidneys through the blood.

Prevention Against Typhoid

  • If you are someone who travels frequently, you should follow precautionary measures to prevent typhoid, especially when traveling:
  • Be very careful about your drinking and eating habits.
  • Do not forget to wash your hands before eating anything, especially raw food.
  • Avoid drinking tap water.
  • Avoid eating food from street shops.
  • Say no to raw food, especially meat, chicken, etc.
  • Carry safe, clean water bottles tightly sealed.
  • Always prefer boiled water as it is germ-free.
  • Avoid salads.
  • Pasteurize only hot tea, milk, or coffee.
  • Follow good hygiene. Use hand sanitizer or soap especially after going to the washroom.
  • Avoid touching your face.

Home Remedies For Typhoid

Apple Juice

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Apple juice has acidic properties, which reduce the effects of typhoid. Its use reduces the fever of typhoid because the heat of the affected person comes out quickly. Using apple juice in diarrhea also removes the lack of water in the body.

apple juice

apple juice


Garlic is very beneficial for health. Eating garlic on an empty stomach in the morning has many benefits. It also controls typhoid fever. The antioxidants present in it work to purify the blood. Apart from this, garlic helps in flushing out unwanted substances from the kidney. Its benefits are more when you eat it raw or undercooked. It also enhances the immunity of a person suffering from typhoid fever.

Tulsi (Basil Leaves)

Tulsi is a medicinal plant. In Ayurveda, Tulsi has been given special importance due to its medicinal properties. It is useful in curing many diseases. Its use is considered very beneficial for colds, coughs, dental diseases, and respiratory diseases. You can also use it for typhoid fever. Due to typhoid, some people start having swelling and joint pain. Tulsi helps in reducing this. Not only this, it helps in treating many diseases including malaria. A person suffering from typhoid should boil some tulsi leaves in water. The antibacterial properties of tulsi help in removing bacteria.

Cold Water Strips

This is an age-old home remedy to reduce any kind of fever. In typhoid, the sufferer has a high fever. In such a situation, it is also necessary to maintain a normal body temperature of the patient so that the fever does not reach the head. For this, you can take the help of ice water. Fever is reduced by placing strips of cold water on the forehead, feet, and hands of the patient.

Typhoid Patients Should Eat

  • If you want to cure typhoid soon, then eat bananas, Chiko, papaya, apple, seasonal, and orange fruits.
  • Eat lentils, khichdi, green vegetables spinach, cabbage, cauliflower, carrot, and papaya in the food.
  • Eating curd is very beneficial for this disease. People with cough, cold and joint pain should not consume curd. If there is a fever due to typhoid, then drink liquid things. Fruit juice is the best among liquid things.
  • Use raisins, moong lentils, thin porridge, butter, milk, and curd to overcome the weakness caused by typhoid.
  • To reduce the symptoms of 1 typhoid, you should eat foods rich in vitamins such vitamins A, B, and C. It helps in quick recovery from typhoid. Eat plenty of citrus fruits like lemon, seasonal, orange, and carrot.
  • Include protein and carbohydrate-rich foods in your diet. The body becomes weak due to typhoid. There is a lack of energy in the body. Gradually the weight also starts decreasing. Protein, carbohydrates, dry fruits, avocados, dates, apricots, etc. must be consumed.
balanced diet

balanced diet

Typhoid Patients Should Not Eat / Drink

  • Do not consume caffeinated things, they can cause gas in the stomach.
  • Avoid refined and processed food.
  • Avoid ghee(butter) oil, gram flour, corn, sweet potato, jackfruit, and brown rice.
  • Avoid red chili, chili sauce, vinegar, garam masala, and sour.
  • Avoid Eggs or hot things.
  • Eliminate meats, sauces, pickles, and spicy items from the diet.



Typhoid fever is contagious. If it is not taken care of at the right time then it becomes serious and fatal. So you should practice cleanliness and good hygiene practices to keep yourself away from disease. The body remains weak during recovery and needs adequate nutrition. Hence it is important to follow a proper and healthy diet along with medicine. Follow the necessary precautionary measures as stated above. Be careful when traveling to an area where typhoid is prevalent. Receive medicines on time and make sure you complete the entire treatment process to prevent the spread of this deadly disease.

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